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Designation: C1202 - 10 Standard Test Method for Electrical In lon Penetration’ ation of Coicrete’s Ability to Resist Chloride “This standard is issued under the Sxed designation C1202; th number immedistoly following the designation indicates the year of ‘original apton a, inthe ese of revision, the year of ast revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reaporoval. A ‘opesespt epsilon (e indicates an eter change since the ls revision ot reapprova 1. Scope* 1 This test method covers the determination of the elec- trical conductance of concrete to provide a ragid indication of its resistance to the penetration of chloride ions. This test method is applicable to types of concrete where correlations: have been established between this test procedure and long: term chloride ponding procedures such as these described in AASHTO 7 259, Examples of sich correlations are discussed in Refs 1-52 1.2. The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard, except where SI units are given first followed by inch-pound units in parentheses. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 13 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro- priate safety and health practices and determine the applica- bility of regulatory limitations prior to use. 2. Referenced Documents 2.1 ASTM Standards:* C31/C31M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Field (C42/C42M ‘Test Method for Obtaining and Testi Cores and Sawed Bees of Co: C192/C192M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete “Test Specimens in the Laboratory “This text mthod is under the jurisiction of ASTM Commitee C19) on ‘Concrete and Concrete Aggregates andi he direct responsibly of Subcommitee ‘€09.55 an Concrete's Resistance to Fld Penetration, Curent edion approved Feb. 1, 2010, Publsbed Mach 2010, Origialy spproved in 1991, List previots edition approved in 2009 as C1202 -09. DOL Wuts20icrom * The boface nambers in parentheses eer the Hist of ferences atthe endo this sanded * For referenced ASTM standard, vis the ASTM webste, wwwastmorg ot contact ASTM Customer Service at service asim. Far nual Boot of ASTM ‘Standards volume information, efecto the standards Document Summary page on the ASTM website €670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials 2.2. AASHTO Standard: T 259 Method of Test for Resistance of Concrete to Chlo- ride Ton Penetration" 3. Summary of Test Method 3.1 This test method consists of monitoring the amount of electrical current passed through 2-in. (51-mm) thick slices of 4-in, (102-mm) nominal diameter cores or cylinders during @ 6h period, A potential difference of 60 V de is maintained across the ends of the specimen, one of which is immersed in «sodium chloride solution, the other in a sodium hydroxide solution. The total charge passed, in coulombs, has been found to be related to the resistance of the specimen to chloride penetration, 4. Significance and Use 4.1 This test method covers the laboratory evaluation of the electrical conductance of concrete samples to provide a rapid indication of their resistance to chloride ion penetration. In most cases the electrical conductance results have shown good correlation with chloride ponding tests, such as AASHTO 259, on companion slabs cast from the same concrete mixtures (Refs 1-5). 4.2 This test method is suitable for evaluation of materials, and material proportions for design purposes and research and development. 4.3 Sample age has significant effects on the test results, depending on the type of conerete and the curing procedure. Most coneretes, if properly cured, become progressively and significantly less permeable with time, 4.4 This test method was developed originally for evalua- tions of altemative materials, but in practice its use has evolved 10 applications such as quality control and acceptance testing. Methods of Sampling and Testing, 1986, American Assocation of State Highway and Tansporstion Oficial, 434 N. Capitol St. NW, Washington, DC 2000 ‘A Summary of Changes section appears at the end ofthis standard. Ccyigh © ASTI nara, 100 Bar Har Din, PO Box C7, West Corhohcan, PA 19828 286, Unted Sae, Copyright by ASTM Int (al rights reserved) Toe May 1009:36-21 EDT 2011 ‘Dovnloaded’pinted by ian eis (Qas-construcan’ chemical) pursuant to Licease Agreement No further reproductions suhorze, ly c1202-10 In such cases it is imperative thatthe curing procedures and the age at time of testing be clearly specified. 4.5 Table 1 provides a qualitative relationstip between the results of this test and the chloride ion penetrability of concrete. 4.6 Numerical results of this test (total ctarge passed, in coulombs) can be used as a basis for determining the accept- ability of a concrete mixture. Factors such a the ingredient materials used and method and duration of curing of test ‘specimens affect results of this test. (See Note 1) [Nore 1—When using this test for determining acceptability of concrete mixtures, statistcally-based criteria and test age For preqaifcation, or for ‘acceptance based on jobsite samples, should be statec in project specif- ‘eatcns. Acceptance criteria for this test should consider the sources of ‘ernblityafecting the resis and ensure balanced rik between supplier and purchaser. The anticipated exposure conditions and time before structure will be put into service should he considered. One approach to establishing criteria is discussed in Ref 6 4:7 Care should be taken in interpreting results of this test when it is used on surface-treated concretes, for example, concretes treated with penetrating sealers. The results from this test on some such concretes indicate low resistance to chloride ion penetration, while 90-day chloride ponding tests on com- panion slabs show a higher resistance 4.8 The details of the test method apply to 4-in, (102-mm) nominal diameter specimens. This includes specimens with actual diameters ranging from 3.75 in, (95 mma) t0 4.0 in, (102 ‘mm). Other specimen diameters may be tested with appropriate cchanges in the applied voltage cell design (see 7.5 and Fig. 1). 4.8.1 For specimen diameters other than 3.75 in. (95 mm), the test result value for total charge passed rust be adjusted following the procedure in 11.2. For specimers with diameters less than 3.75 in, (95 mm), particular care must be taken in coating and mounting the specimens to ensure that the con- ductive solutions are able to contact the entire end areas during the test, 5, Interferences 5.1 This test method can produce misleadng results when calcium nitrite has been admixed into a concrete. ‘The results from this test on some such coneretes indicate higher coulomb values, that is, lower resistance to chloride ion penetration, than from tests on identical concrete mixtures (controls) without calcium nitrite. However, long-term chloride ponding tests indicate the coneretes with calcium nitrite were at least as resistant to chloride ion penetration as the control mixtures, Nore 2—Other admintues might affect results ofthis test similarly. Long term ponding tests are recommended if an admixture eect is suspected 5.2 Since the test results are @ function of the electrical resistance of the specimen, the presence of reinforcing steel or TABLE 1 Chloride lon Penetrability Based on Charge Passed (1) argo Passed (cours ‘Chore lon Fanaraiy 34000 ign 2,000,000 Moderate 41000-2,000 Low 100-1000, Very Low <100) Negigile Copyright by ASTM Int (all righs reserved), Tue May 10 09:36:21 EDT 2011 ‘Doviloadedprinied by other embedded electrically conductive materials may have & significant effect. The test is not valid for specimens containing reinforcing steel positioned longitudinally, that is, providing a continuous electrical path between the two ends of the speci- men. Apparatus 6.1 Vacuum Saturation Apparatus (see Fig. 2 for example): 6.1.1 Separatory Funnel, or other sealable, bottom-draining, ‘container with a minimum capacity of 500 mL. 6.1.2 Beaker (1000 mL, or larger) or other container— Capable of holding concrete specimen(s) and water and of fitting into vacuum desiccator (see 6.1.3). 6.1.3 Vacuum Desiccator—250-mm (98-in.) inside diam- eter or larger. Desiccator must allow two hose connections through a rubber stopper and sleeve or through a rubber stopper only. Each connection must be equipped with a stopcock. 6.14 Vacuum Pump or Aspirator—Capable of maintaining 4 pressure of less than 50 mm Hg (6650 Pa) in desiccator, Nore 3Since vacuum will be drawn over water, a vacuum pamp should be protected with a water trap, or pump cil should be changed after ‘each operation 6.1.5 Vacuum Gage or Manometer—Accurate to = 5 mm. Hg (+ 665 Pa) over range 0-100 mm Hg (0-13300 Pa) pressure. 62. Coating Apparatus and Materials: 6.2.1 Coating—Rapid setting, electrically nonconductive, capable of sealing side surface of concrete cores. 6.22 Balance or Scale, Paper Cups, Wooden Spatulas, and Disposable Brushes—For mixing and applying coating. 6.3 Specimen Sizing Equipment (not required if samples are ‘cast to final specimen size). 6.3.1 Movable Bed Water-Cooled Diamond Saw or Silicon Carbide Sav 7. Reagents, Materials, and Test Cell 7.1 Specimen-Cell Sealant—Capable of sealing concrete to poly (methyl methacrylate), for example, Plexiglas, against water and dilute sodium hydroxide and sodium chloride solutions at temperatures up to 200 °F (90 °C); examples, include RIV silicone rubbers, silicone rubber caulkings, other synthetic rubber sealants, silicone greases, and rubber gaskets. 7.2 Sodium Chloride Solution—3.0 % by mass (reagent grade) in distilled water, 73 Sodium Hydroxide Solution——0.3 N (reagent grade) in distilled water. 7.3.1. Warning—Betore using NaOH, review: (7) the safety precautions for using NaOH; (2) first aid for burns; and (3) the emergency response to spills, as described in the manufactur ex's Material Safety Data Sheet or other reliable safety litera- ture. NaOH can cause very severe bums and injury to uapro- tected skin and eyes. Suitable personal protective equipment should always be used. These should include full-face shields, rubber aprons, and gloves impervious to NaOH. Gloves should be checked periodically for pin holes, ian els basf-eossuuctionhemical) pursuant to Licese Agreement No farther reproductions authorize, Af c1202 - 10 THERMOCOUPLE HOLE, LING HOLE, « § e000 8 < “1,000 bx Ll ra mW Hy jly y in 44 ZO (8 ie is | a 4 8 = a g IN 1 ® eo lk @ cert navo-anownw —) Lees @ ew HANO-sHOWN meannesa Anores on 1) DIAMETER “A' SHOULD BE "LARGER é | 2 [panana puuc [Emace msuLateD THAN OUTSIDE DIA. OF SPECIMEN —— — 5 | 2 [renvinan = @)NOT TO SCALE u 2710-4 B)SEAL WIRE. IN HOLE WITH siLicone | 4] 2 fwine,coppeR — [*ia,souD NYLCLAD RUBBER CAULK ; a 3 |e [screen 20 MESH A 4)SCREEN SOLDERED BETWEEN SHIMS. iS ee ene Eee S)SOLDER WIRE TO Brass sum 2 | [sum erass loos Tue ©)POLYMETHYLMET Ls e.g PLE T )POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE .egPLEMGLAS. [TBI IL glock END[PMMA SHEET A, FrevjaT® NOMENCLATURE [SPECIFICATION FIG. 1 Applied Voltage Cell (construction drawing) _—sepaeatory eae, «7.4 Filter Papers—No. 2, 90-mm (3.5-in.) diameter (not ~ required if rubber gasket is used for sealant (see 7.1) or if sealant can be applied without overflowing from shim onto mesh), 75 Applied Voltage Cell (see Fig. 1 and Fig. 3)—Iwo \ \_escexton FIG. 2 Vacuum Saturation Apparalus FIG. 3 Applied Voltage Cell-Face View Copyright by ASTM Intl al rights reserved), Tue May 1009:36:21 EDT 2011 ownloadeprinted by ian ellis (bast constrction het) pursuant to Licese Agrsment, Norther productions authorznd,