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Actor(s)

Desired change in actor(s) practice

Hint: Start with this question: if this project is successful, WHO will change? What groups of people or organizations will be affected? Be realistic, and prioritize the most 'affected'. Then, try to be as specific about the actor groups as possible- in some actor groups as possible- in some cases you have the names or exact location of the actor(s)- use them here.

A change in practice or behavior is a change in the way people (in this case, the 'actors' in the 1st column) DO things. So here, try to use action words- such as 'use', 'coordinate', 'plant', 'participate in', 'integrate', 'implement', etc.

Outcome Researchers of G1, G2, G4 and other projects Pathway 1

Researchers will make use of detailed maps of 5 BWDB polders and 4 LGED sup-project with details on a) land and water use data created from participatory mapping with communities. B) actual inundation situation c) condition of infrastructure and which villages manage their polders better

Narrative In order to understand what drives water governance 1 and community based management of the polders, one must also be able to identify the condition of the infrastructure and be able to link it to various land and water use patterns. The base maps created by G3 for 5 BWDB polders and 4 LGED sub-projects include details on polder, upazila and union boundaries, the names of main roads, rivers, khals towns and landmarks, as well as details for inundation and mouzas. The detailed inventory of the polder structures will identify physical condition of the sluice gates and whether there are any cuts or pipes and compile the information in a matrix for each polder on geometry and conditions of structures. This matrix will provide the location of authorized and unauthorized structures (GPS survey), survey of the invert level, dimension of the structures using Total station, and condition of the structures in consultation with the local community. The maps in combination with such matrices give a strong visual tool in locating 'hot spots' for conflicts as well as identifying where polders are managed relatively better, or not at all. Participatory resource mapping will through community consultation develop inundation maps, assess the condition of internal canals, develop maps of cropping pattern and land use for Kharif-I, Kharif-II and Rabi/Boro for the year 2010-2011, delineate drainage Outcome sub-systems and show conflict hot spots in the maps. Donor communities Donor communities will fully Pathway appreciate the complexities involved in 2 polder governance. Through interactive discussions and ownership of research design they will internalize the fact that various stakeholder groups may have different needs and that "good" polder governance will happen only when all interests are discussed openly and taken into consideration while devising formal or informal institutions.

Narrative Narrative: Proper government and donor policies are at 2 the heart of current attempts at polder governance. There are many complexities involved in polder governance and in conflict mitigation between different interests. This Outcome pathway will try to promote an internalization of the fact that polder governance means reconciling different, and sometimes conflict needs, with different perceptions of what constitutes 'good' polder management. Through our large sample of sites we hope to show best practice examples of successful reconciliation of conflicts and pro-active solutions to solve water governance problems, whether formal or informal.

Outcome Senior level officials from BWDB, LGED and Government Pathway of Bangladesh in charge of coastal zone management 3 and livelihoods in these areas (MoWR, DoAE, DoF, BWDB, LGED).

Senior level officials from BWDB, LGED and Government of Bangladesh in charge of coastal zone management and livelihoods in these areas will be made aware of the project findings and given concrete suggestions on how to change practice and behaviour in the future through dissemination workshops.

Narrative Senior level officials hold the most influence to change 3 policy and to implement activities on the ground. Sharing and involving senior officials in our research to discuss draft findings and potential solutions may act as a way to both increase their ownership of the research findings as well as increase their incentives to use findings when discussing and drafting other key policy documents. There are talks of a National Water Act and a need to revise the current NWP to reflect changing realities in water that will also try to increase coordination between different ministries and departments as well as how to promote water governance that help improve rural livelihoods. G3's problem identification, in-depth case studies, research papers and policy briefs may serve as background and discussion material for officials when discussing how they can better enable their agencies to reach their common objectives to improve livelihoods.

Required change in actor KAS for change to happen To be able to 'use' something, people usually need to first know/ understand it, and its advantages, and/ or have developed the skills to use it, or at least to believe or trust the benefits of using it. Look at your practice change, and make explicit 2-4 KAS changes that are key to having the actor groups change their practice.

Project strategies and prototypes for bringing about changes How will your project contribute to make these changes happen? What are your ideas on how to help people change?

Here, it may help to think what other projects have done before that has NOT worked well- what will your project do that is different? Better? Strategies can be the way (for example, co-develop instead of impose) you do things. Strategies are also the timing, methods, partnerships, language, etc. you choose to use

K: Understanding the infrastructure and land and water use patterns in the polders, with easy access to waterlogging problems and which sluice gates are functioning well/not functioning well. A: Use of polder maps will faciliate planning for further field activities and site selection. S: Improving skill in interpreting maps, charts, data in crop planning and water resources management

Disseminate and present the maps during the April 2012 reflection workshop and post the maps on the shared wiki-space. Update via bimonthly meetings.

K: Different stakeholders (elite, landless, women, paddy At least 3 dissemination workshops that farmers, shrimp farmers, fishermen, WMGs etc) within share the policy briefs and best practice polder communities in at least 3 BWDB and 2 LGED tool kits. polders appreciate the complexities involved in polder governance. A: Through interactive discussions and ownership of research design they will internalize the fact that various stakeholder groups may have different needs and that "good" polder governance will happen only when all interests are discussed openly and taken into consideration while devising formal or informal institutions. S:The Best practice toolkit may serve a sa discussion point on what might work in their own polder.

K: Through project outputs senior level officials from GoB (MoWR, DoAE, DoF, BWDB, LGED) are made aware of challenges involved in polder governance and possible solutions emanating from our research studies. A: Through interactive discussions and ownership of research design they will internalize the challenges facing not only polder governance, but also water governance in general. Their attitude towards revising National Water Policy (1999) and Guidelines for Participatory Water Management (2001, and the need for a National Water Act with clear coordination mechanisms might become more positive. S: The 'best practice' toolkit combined with research papers and policy briefs may serve a sa discussion point on how water related policies and guidelines might have to be revised to better enable their agencies to reach their common objectives to improve livelihoods.

Workshops, seminars and interaction meetings with the policymakers and beneficiaries to disseminate the impacts of the external drivers and the benefits of the adaptation measures and policy changes; the up scaling will be facilitated by G5

Project outputs

Risks and Assumptions

These come straight out of your road map/ research questions and/ or your contracted deliverables. Which is (are) your project's main output (s) related to this 'line of change?

1. 9 detailed maps on infrastructure, 2. 9 maps based on participatory mapping of land and water use (cropping patterns), with layered details of inundation. 3. 9 annexes on the conditions of polder structures and the names of villages and Union Parishads they are connected to.

1. That addendum to partner MoU is signed on time so that the participatory mapping can be completed before rainy season. 2. Proper and timely input from the partner organizations

Availability of reliable data in time

1. Policy briefs and research papers on what works and does not work in terms of water governance and community based management in the coastal polder areas. 2. Best practice tool kit based on findings of innovative formal and informal solutions in the reseach polders. 3. Interactive dissemination workshops

Assumption is that donors will be open and receptive to our findings. For an early buy in, we have already met all the major donors

1. Policy briefs and research papers on what works and does not work in terms of water governance and community based management in the coastal polder areas. 2. Best practice tool kit based on findings of innovative formal and informal solutions in the reseach polders. 3. Interactive dissemination workshops

That meetings with senior officials and heads of department continues smoothly and positively, ensuring their good cooperation. Planning Commission to help arrange a high-level workshop by the end of 2012

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