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# HW37

## Due: 11:59pm on Tuesday, December 8, 2009

Exercise 24.36
A capacitor is formed from two concentric spherical conducting shells separated by vacuum. The inner sphere has radius 10.0 , and the outer sphere has radius 16.5 . A potential difference of 110 is applied to the capacitor. Part A What is the energy density at = 10.1 ANSWER:
5 = 3.3210 Correct

## Part B What is the energy density at ANSWER:

6 = 4.7710 Correct

= 16.4

## , just inside the outer sphere?

Part C For a parallel-plate capacitor the energy density is uniform in the region between the plates, except near the edges of the plates. Is this also true for a spherical capacitor? ANSWER: Yes No Correct

Exercise 30.14 is another toroid problem in which you are asked to assume that the B field strength within the toroid is constant. If you calculate the flux without making this approximation (assume a square cross-section for the toroid), you will find that the difference between the exact flux and the approximate flux is 1% or less. GBA

Exercise 30.14
An air-filled toroidal solenoid has 360 turns of wire, a mean radius of 15.0 Part A If the current is 6.00 ANSWER: , calculate the magnetic field in the solenoid.
3 = 2.8810 Correct

## Part B Calculate the self-inductance of the solenoid. ANSWER:

5 = 7.7810 Correct

## Part C Calculate the energy stored in the magnetic field. ANSWER:

3 = 1.4010 Correct

Part D Calculate the energy density in the magnetic field. ANSWER: = 3.30 Correct

Part E Find the answer for part D by dividing your answer to part C by the volume of the solenoid. ANSWER: = 3.30 Correct

## Electric and Magnetic Field Vectors Conceptual Question

Part A The electric and magnetic field vectors at a specific point in space and time are illustrated. Based on this information, in what direction does the electromagnetic wave propagate?

Hint A.1

## +x x +y y +z z at a +45 angle in the xy plane Correct

Part B The electric and magnetic field vectors at a specific point in space and time are illustrated. ( vectors make 45 angles with the y axis.) Based on this and are in the xy plane. Both

## +x x +y y +z z at a 45 angle in the xy plane Correct

Part C The magnetic field vector and the direction of propagation of an electromagnetic wave are illustrated. Based on this information, in what direction does the electric field vector point?

Hint C.1

## +x x +y y +z z at a +45 angle in the xz plane Correct

Part D The electric field vector and the direction of propagation of an electromagnetic wave are illustrated. ( makes a 45 angle with the x axis.) Based on this information, is in xz plane and

Hint D.1

## +x x +y y +z z at a 45 angle in the xz plane Correct

A circular loop of wire can be used as a radio antenna. Suppose that a one-turn loop antenna of diameter 16.0 2.40 away from a source broadcasting with a total power of 61.0 and with a frequency of 92.0 is located . Assume that the

plane of the antenna loop is perpendicular to the direction of the radiation's magnetic field and that the source radiates uniformly in all directions. Part A Note that at a distance of 2.40 from an isotropically radiating antenna with a total power output of 61.0 , the timeaverage electromagnetic energy density will be 2.8110 12

## (you will learn how to calculate this value in your lecture

on the intensity of electromagnetic radiation). What will be the maximum radiated magnetic field strength at the location of the loop receiving antenna? ANSWER: 2.6610 9 T Correct

Part B What is the maximum emf induced in the one-turn loop? ANSWER:
2 = 3.0910 Correct

Hint for Part B of 31.60: Since the output power is Irms^2*R, the rms current which results from receiving KRUD's signal must be 1/10 of the rms current which results from receiving KONG's signal (at resonance). Assuming the rms input EMF from both stations, through the antenna, is the same, thus the impedance at KRUD's frequency must be 10 times the impedance at KONG's frequency (at resonance). GBA PS. To get the answer to B, you will need to save the answer to A in your calculator and use that saved answer; this is because your answer to B depends on the small DIFFERENCE between X_C and X_L, which magnifies

## any rounding error in X_C. GBA

Problem 31.60
Designing an FM Radio Receiver. You enjoy listening to KONG-FM, which broadcasts at a frequency of 94.1 detest listening to KRUD-FM, which broadcasts at a frequency of 94.0 . You . You live the same distance from both stations and as measured at your house.

both transmitters are equally powerful, so both radio signals produce the same voltage of 1.00

Your goal is to design an L-R-C radio circuit with the following properties: i) It gives the maximum power response to the signal from KONG-FM; ii) the ratio of the average power delivered to the resistor in response to KRUD-FM to the average power in response to KONG-FM is 1.00 . This limits the power received from the unwanted station, making it inaudible. You are required to use an inductor with an inductance of 1.19 Part A Find the capacitance ANSWER: that satisfies the design requirements. .

2.4010 12 F Correct

Part B Find the resistance ANSWER: that satisfies the design requirements.

0.150 Correct

Score Summary:
Your score on this assignment is 98.1%. You received 44.13 out of a possible total of 45 points.