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Oil / Gas
The Northwest Region of So Paulo State, in
the South of Brasil, is recognized as a leader in
agricultural and related industries. In addition to
orange juice production, this region has been also
a worldwide leader in the production of sugar
and alcohol. The additional energy demand is
met through Thermoelectric Power Plants which
stimulate demand for natural gas. A 575 km
pipeline links this region with the main Bolivia-
Brasil Gas Pipeline. Gas network management is
realized by a High Speed Industrial Backbone.
Project details
A high level of technical integration and
co-ordination is required for the successful
deployment of this complex system. A Local Area
Network utilizing TCP/IP Standard serves the
Project parameters
Customer: Gas Brasiliano Distribuidora t
Concessionria de Gs Canalizado rea
Contract Period: Under development t
Contract Value: US$ 900.000 t
Key Data: t
575 km distribution network
Redundant Server SCADA System
24 Remote Terminal Units (RTU)
Alarm Announcing Server
Frame Relay and Fiber Optic Communication
Solar Panels Power Supply
High Speed Industrial Standard Backbone
RTU Ethernet TCP/IP standard protocol
Custom-built SCADA functionalities for gas t
network management
Visual picture of system operation t
Process intervention through a graphic user t
interface (GUI) protocol
User friendly, SCADA and automated t
maintenance tools.
Integration Performance t
Network topology: t
Gas distribution line to different locations
Singlemode connections up to 60 km
Connection of the gas distribution area to the
Central Station with frame relay
Devices used: t
Hirschmann Rail Switches RS2-FX-SM/FX-SM,
Hirschmann Rail Transceiver RT2-TX/FX-SM
Hirschmann Modular Gigabit Ethernet
Switch MACH 3000 in Central Station
24 stations along the new pipeline to receive t
gas from the GASBOL pipeline, maintain
ow rates, measure and control the physic
characteristics of the gas
Operator Control Center in Araraquara City t
Monitoring Center located in Araatuba t
provides the regional team data and tools
Redundant Real Time and Historical Data Server, t
Operator Stations and Alarm Server
Client-Server and SQL standard data base to t
integrate the system with the Gas Brasiliano
Corporate System
Supervisory Control Software t
Public Frame Relay Technology t
Fibre optic cables (quasi-star conguration) t
Ethernet 100 mbps t
Telecommunication system redundancy t
Low power consumption RTUs for controlling t
and monitoring the stations and to manage
communication to ow computers or even
Solar Panels and large capacity batteries t
Alarm Announcing Server, automatically makes t
calls to the maintenance team
Why Hirschmann?
Redundancy concept with HIPER-Ring t
Homogeneous product family t
Industrial standard products t
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www.hirschmann.com 55
Oil / Gas
Crude oil and natural gas reserves make Kasachstan
an important country for the global energy
market. A quick look at a map and it becomes
clear that lack of access to the sea makes
pipeline systems essential for the transportation
of crude oil and natural gases. KTO, the state oil
transportation association in Kasachstan, equips its
pipeline network (approx. 6000 km) with modern
automation equipment and technology.
Project details
The aim of the project is to signicantly increase
the pipeline ow rate while at the same time
improving the reliability of the system. The major
environmental issues and the necessity for control
of the entire installation (pipeline and automation
equipment) require a modern and reliable
communication technology over long distances.
After all, the operators must be able to identify the
exact location of potential leaks quickly and assess
unexpected reduction in performance.
The devices must be easy to use so operating
personnel can use it after just a short training
Project parameters
Ethernet technology has entered into the
automation eld and enables communication
surroundings, which are cost-effective in
their implementation. As in many industrial
applications, a secure transfer of data over
long distances is also essential for the pipeline
installations in Kasachstan.
The pipeline network covers around 6000 km. t
The system covers several pump stations. t
The oil pressure is kept at approx. 50 bar (thanks t
to scaleable control and surveillance technology
from ABB).
The stations must also give information t
regarding potential leaks.
The mid-sized networks in the pump stations t
are equipped with cost-effective RS2-FX/
FX Ethernet switches from Hirschmann in a
redundant conguration, (mounted on DIN
rails). A LED on the front of the switch shows
the faults. The rst remote diagnostics is
possible of a web server, which is served by the
The Hirschmann-HiOPC-Software serves as a t
gateway and makes the SNMP data available in
OPC format.
Switches from the series MS-3124-4 have also t
been installed
The switches are connected with the help of a t
LWL-ring topology

Why Hirschmann?
Hirschmann offers a reliable and high-
performance network based on redundant
Ethernet technology, fullling all kinds of
demands. The special environmental conditions
require devices, suitable for operation in harsh
environmental temperatures. The patented
HIPER ring technology from Hirschmann enables
extremely reliable and stable networks while
lowering the installation requirements and costs.
H|rschmannAutomat|onandOontro|GmbHPhone+497127141480 www.hirschmann.com CS 029-02-0705
This case study was compiled in cooperation with ABB AG .
www.hirschmann.com 57
place on land and in shallow
coastal waters but also on the
Oil / Gas
The drilling platforms must keep their position
accurate to a few metres with engine power
so that the boring rods dont break. The
highest demands are placed on the operational
reliability of the dynamic position control
because should the platform drift off there is
the danger of great environmental damage
and downtime. Converteam has designed
a control system for the Transocean Sedco
Forex platforms that meet the highest safety
demands. As well as other safety precautions
the control components are therefore designed
with multiple redundancy and networked with
fail safe ber optic cables.
Project details
Oil exploration platforms can tap into deposits
under the sea down to 3,500m deep. In shallow
waters such as the Gulf of Mexico the platforms
are rmly anchored to the sea bed. Oil exploration
platforms suitable for the high seas must keep
their position above the bore hole with engine
power in spite of the wind and currents. Their
position is recorded by satellite with GPS and
by sonar buoys on the sea bed. Their position is
maintained by powerful electromotors on the
four corners of the platform. These can revolve
through 360 degrees. The dynamic position
maintenance control system and the associated
eld bus network must meet high real time and
reliability requirements. Converteam opted for the
FIP eld bus protocol for the Transocean Sedco
Forex express class platforms and networked the
control components with Hirschmanns ber optic
cable repeaters.
Project parameters
Positioning accuracy better than 5 m t
Maximum ocean current 3.5 knots t
Maximum wind speed 60 knots t
Maximum wave height 9 m t
Installed engine rating 4 * 7MW t
Maximum water depth 3500m t
Real time enabled bus system t
Error monitoring and alarm indication t
No single point of failure t
Error tolerant control system t
Complete optical networking t
WorldFIP eld bus system t
Four hierarchically structured eld bus rings t
Dual design, multiple meshed ring in dynamic t
positioning system
Constant status monitoring in dual monitor t
40 OZD FIP G3 T LWL repeaters per platform t
LWL cable with multimode 62.5 / 125m bers t
Maximum cable length 300m t
Why Hirschmann?
WorldFIP eld bus has very high real time t
Hirschmann LWL repeaters ring capability t
Very fast switch time should the ring fail t
Use of error contact in the platforms SCADA t
Quality standard conrmed by Survey t
H|rschmannAutomat|onandOontro|GmbHPhone+497127141480 www.hirschmann.com CS 040-02-1105
This case study was compiled in cooperation with Converteam.
www.hirschmann.com 59
plant in the world.
Oil / Gas
Here, the Schwelgern GmbH coking company
belonging to the ThyssenKrupp Steel AG
produces an annual 2.5 million tons of coke
from coal for the neighboring large blast
furnaces. The transformation takes place in a
total of 140 of the worlds largest coke furnaces
with a capacity of almost 80 tons of coal each.
In addition to coke, gas, tar and other carbon
materials are also produced from the coal. ABB
is responsible for the automation and uses
Hirschmann eld bus and Ethernet components
for the automation.
ThyssenKrupp Steel
Project details
For the automation of the coking plant, ABB
chose a consistent networking of the system.
The continuous data ow stretches from the
control level to every single sensor. The system
therefore denes the current state of the art
with its size and the implemented environmental
equipment. The degree of automation allows a
fully automatic, unmanned furnace operation.
The data networks for PROFIBUS and Ethernet
signals are designed redundantly for the necessary
operational reliability and critical connections are
made by ber optic cables.
Project parameters
Annual amount 2.5 million tons of coke t
Produce coke gas ow 155,000 m3/h t
140 coke furnaces with 93m3 useful volume t
135 pressure processes / day t
approx. 100,000 data signals t
approx. 5,000 measuring points t
approx. 1,700 PROFIBUS users t
Homogeneous data networking t
Gigabit Ethernet in the backbone t
Redundant Ethernet on the control level t
Redundant FOC- PROFIBUS networking on the t
process level
Redundant rings on all levels t
Structured networking with PROFIBUS DP, Fast t
and Gigabit Ethernet
FOC cabling for EMC safety t
250 OZD Pro t
22 RS 2 FX/FX t
18 GES-24 FX t
1 GRS 1403 t
2 MACH 3005 t
Why Hirschmann?
Universal product family t
Redundant design with fast HIPER rings t
Industry proven products t
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www.hirschmann.com 61
There is constant pressure in the
Oil / Gas
The central Asian country of Kazakhstan is the
ninth-largest country in the world. It possesses
enormous crude oil and natural gas supplies.
Nearly 160 oil and gas deposits have been
discovered so far. Thus Kazakhstan is one of
the most important countries for the future
world energy market. Foreign investment today
are creating a booming crude oil industry that
is the driving force for the economic growth
of the country. Without a sea port, export is
only possible using pipelines. The national oil
transport company KazTransOil modernized its
6000 km long pipeline network with the most
modern control technology. The communication
technology does not only increase the ow
rate and the reliability, but it also detects
and localizes leaks from extensive networks
due to the integrated monitoring technology.
Environmental damage can be avoided in this
way, or at least quickly contained.
zum Weitverkehrsnetz
Project details
ABB drafted a nancing model of the 43 million
$US project for the general contractor and
was the main contractor for the entire control
technology. The oil in the pipeline is at 50 bar
pressure in order to ensure high and uniform ow.
Pump stations are needed at regular intervals for
this. At the eld level, reliability is also important.
Therefore, the controls are connected to the
sensors and servo motors with optical probus
rings. The higher-level data network in the pump
stations is realized with redundant Ethernet
rings. The entire station data is routed from
the individual pump stations, via the extensive
telecommunication networks, to a central control
room. In the individual pump stations, control and
monitoring technology from ABB is used.
All components important for operation are
designed in duplicate, and work with distributed
intelligence in multiple controller pairs networked
via probus and Ethernet. Constant monitoring
of pressure and ow makes it possible to detect
and localize leaks in the pipeline train. The
operating and monitoring system warns the
system personnel when there is a malfunction, so
that the appropriate measures can be introduced.
A powerful, and reliably-working probus and
Ethernet network, even under adverse storm
conditions, is the basis for the entire control and
monitoring functions and enables future
expansion through modern technology.
Project parameters
More than 6400 km pipeline network t
The oil pressure is kept at approx. 50 bar t
(thanks to scalable ABB control and monitoring
50 000 measured data t
1200 probus nodes t
High level of reliability t
Redundant ring topologies t
Ethernet rings between the individual t
PROFIBUS rings in the eld level t
400 OZD Pro 12M t
380 RS2-FX/FX t
Why Hirschmann?
Fiber-optic based probus due to EMV t
Industrial standard mechanism t
High level of reliability t
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www.hirschmann.com 63
Oil / Gas
Production has recently started at two new
oilelds 50km southwest of Abu Dhabi City,
Rumaitha in the countries interior and Al
Dabbiya on the coast. The daily production
capacity of the elds is about 100,000 barrels.
The facilities for producing, storing and
metering the crude oil have been in operation
since late 2005. Operating safety is paramount
here, so the process control system has been
designed with full redundancy, and data is
transmitted between the controllers and the
remote I/O stations via fail-safe, redundant
optical bers. The danger of explosion that is
inherent in such facilities presents a particular
challenge. This challenge must be met with ATEX
approved devices that are also capable of
withstanding high ambient temperatures.
Project details
The process control system designed as a
redundant sysstem to specically meet the
customers demand for high process data
availability. The process control units constructed
by Honeywell provide a primary and a secondary
Probus DP interface with the remote I/O stations.
HART information is recorded via an independent
service bus using an RS 485 interface. Optical
cables and redundant optical rings ensure an
exceptionally high level of operating safety. The
cabinets installed in explosion protection zone 2
include devices for properly isolating the
intrinsically safe signals that are primarily used
here for transmitting to zone 1 and zone 0. The
power supplies for the remote I/O stations are
designed redundantly. The cabinets have been
engineered to prevent heat accumulation and they
are also equipped with solar protection means.
Otherwise, it would not be possible to keep the
electronic components in the cabinet sufciently
cool in desert conditions.
Project parameters
Probus DP and HART communication t
15 km transmission length t
2600 process signals t
72 remote I/O stations t
176 OZD Pro 12M G12 t
26 OZD Pro 12M G12-1300 t
88 OZD 485 G12 t
13 OZD 485 G12-1300 t
High availability of the process control system. t
85C solar temperature t
52C air temperature t
95% maximum air humidity t
Explosion protection zones 2 and 1 t
Redundant control stations with two Probus t
Redundant communication via optical Probus t
DP rings
Communication with HART Management t
Switch cabinet designed for high operating t
Devices ATEX-approved t
Why Hirschmann?
Fiber optic converter for Probus DP t
Fiber optic converter for HART via RS 485 t
Designs for long and medium segments t
Redundancy with optical rings t
ATEX approvals received t
H|rschmannAutomat|onandOontro|GmbHPhone+497127141480 www.hirschmann.com CS 068-02-0607