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DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF A
CHANNEL WING MODEL AIRPLANE
Mississippi State University

# o Static Case o Five Components of Lift o Lift Coefficient

o Design
o Motor Testing
o Channel Fabrication
Channel Wing Model Airplane
2

# Assumptions

o Subsonic
o Incompressible
Low Flight Speeds,
Takeoff and Landing
Channel Wing Model Airplane
Ref. 3
3

# o Upper surface of channel o Lower surface of channel o Pressure differential on channel o Wing minus channel o Vertical thrust component

o Overall lift and lift coefficient
Channel Wing Model Airplane
Ref. 1
4

# e

5
e
ε
Ref. 1
Ref. 2
sin
L = mV&
Channel Wing Model Airplane

⎝ ⎜

⎝ ⎜

⎠ ⎟

# α

ressure
2
α = span-average angle of attack
C
η
S = planform area
Channel Wing Model Airplane
Ref. 1
∞ = freestream conditions
C L
namic
where :
q = d
1
= the fraction of lift provided by the lower surface of airfoil
*
6
d = conditions at propeller disk (upper channel)
V
= unpowered lift coefficient
p
2
y
⎟ ⎠
ρ
Lift: Outboard Wing and Thrust
L
=
C
*
qS
W
LW
W
L
=
nT sin(
α ε
+
)
T
≈ nT sin
α
Ref. 1
where :
W = outboard wing
n = number of engines
T = thr
us
t
α
= angle of attack
ε
= downwash angle
Channel Wing Model Airplane
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Lift: Total
L
=− ⎜
1
η C
*
qS
+
ηC qS
*
+
q
q
S
cos
α
LC
d
C
LC
C
d
C
⎜ ⎝ ⎜
⎟ ⎠ ⎟
⎜ ⎝
⎟ ⎠
+
C
*
q
S
++ ⎛
nT
sin
α ε
LW
W
⎝ ⎜
⎠ ⎟
Ref. 1
Case of zero thrust (
q
=
q
)
:
d
L
=
C
*
q
S
+
C
*
q
S
LC
C
LW
W
*
With constant airfoil (
CC
**
=
=
C
*
):
L
=
CqS
LW
L
LC
L
Channel Wing Model Airplane
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# Coefficient of Lift: C L

• ## V d

LC
LC
LC
C
*
+
S
W
η
C
LW
4
1
nC
LW
LW
C
sin
C
S
L
*
S
C
⎠ ⎟
1
1
1
1
1
9
⎝ ⎜
⎜ ⎜ ⎝
⎟ ⎟ ⎠
V
C
C
=
=
L
*
T
):
=
+
=
=
S
S
S
S
T
T
L
L
2
*
T
⎟⎝ ⎢
1
With constant airfoil (
Case of zero thrust (
Channel Wing Model Airplane
= ++ C
==
CC
**
2
qA
C
T
T
η
,
4
1
C
⎠ ⎣
S
W
+
+
Ref. 1
S
C
S
1
⎞ ⎢
2
0) :
1 cos
L
*
α
CC
CC
Using
+ +
αε
++
++
*
C

# 1953 NACA Full-Scale Tests

2625
a
e
,
-
-
2450
170
688 677
a
220
788 763
)
Effect of Power Settings on Static Lift
T il O
T il Off Lift
rope er
ower (
ll
δ = 0
pee
Lift
p)
lb
lb
P
P
S
d
h
(rpm)
n
(
)
(
Channel Wing Model Airplane
ft/s
2.2
1.3
7.0
5.0
α = 38°
N/A
N/A
13
7.5
Maximum C L Values for Freestream Velocity, Power, and Angle of Attack Conditions
60 α = 20°
Channel C L
Channel C L
Overall C L
P = 170 hp
Velocity
Freestream
P = 0 hp
Angle of
Attack
8.0
Overall C L
α = 0°
0.2
0.2
7.0
4.0
40 α = 20°
ft/s
2.2
1.3
14
10
α = 38°
N/A
N/A
24
15
α = 0°
0.1
0.1
5.0
2.0

# motors with propellers at the trailing edge of the wing.

Channel Wing Model Airplane
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Channel Wing Design
o
Previous research found that the
ideal aspect ratio, or the length of
the span divided by the length of
the chord, is 1.
o
The model’s wing has a 12-inch
chord, so the channel’s span and
propeller diameter are 12 in.
Channel Wing Model Airplane
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# modification and requires a total of 1000 W.

the 12-inch propeller. Full motor specifications can be found
The motor selected is the Rimfire 35-48-700 directly driving
at www.electrifly.com.
Channel Wing Model Airplane
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o

# An electronic speed controller capable of handling 60 A is

## o

Volcano Series ESC
14
Channel Wing Model Airplane
Weight: 2.15 oz
Weight: 15.3 oz
Four-cell, 14.8 V
Fusion Power Series Li-Po
2-6 Li-Po cell, 7.4 - 22.2 V
required for each motor.
4000 mAh Capacity, 15 C Discharge
60 A Continuous, 80 A Burst (<10 s)
Exceed-RC Electric Propulsion Components
Electric Motor Testing
6
Dual-motor test stand
5
2
1
3
4
Single motor test setup – electric propulsion system components
include 1. r/c transmitter, 2. r/c receiver and battery, 3. Li-Po battery
pack, 4. Watt meter, 5. ESC, and 6. electric motor and propeller
Channel Wing Model Airplane
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# Electric Motor Testing

o
The system is turned on, and the throttle range is set.
o
The close-up view of the Watt meter displays the increasing
current and power as the throttle is increased. The voltage of
the battery pack slowly decreases as the pack is drained.
o
The digital tachometer detects the propeller ’s rpm.
Channel Wing Model Airplane
16

# Channel Fabrication

o
A cylinder was cut from high-density foam and wra pped with
fiberglass to provide a mold for the channels
o
Four 3-inch-wide pieces of balsa are cut to
18.85 inches to form the 12-inch diameter
semicircular channel.
o
The balsa is thoroughly wetted and formed
covered with paper towels and clamped in
to the cylinder by hand. The balsa is then
place to dry for at least one day.
Channel Wing Model Airplane
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Channel Fabrication
Once the pieces of balsa are
curved and dry, they will be covered
as one piece with fiberglass and resin.
The molded channel will be strong
and lightweight, and the shape will be
consistent for every fabrication.
Channel Wing Model Airplane
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# References

## Committee for Aeronautics.

Experimental Performance.” Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 38th,
3. Gunther, C. L. “Comparison of Channel Wing Theoretical and
Reno, NV, Jan. 10-13, 2000.
Channel Wing Model Airplane