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OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM

Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50


1. Proxy form
2. Cheque
3. Letter for taking marine insurance policy
4. Specimen of complaint letter to District forum
5. Certificate of Incorporation
6. Notice and Agenda of first Board meeting
7. Types of crossing
8. Withdrawal slip of a saving account
9. Write a letter to an insurance company claiming loss by fire
10. A letter of regret for not allotting the shares
11. Notice of annual general meeting
12. A letter claiming loss by marine insurance
13. share allotment letter
14. Pay-in-slip
15. Bill of lading
16. Warehouse Receipt
17. Letter inquiring regarding fire insurance policy
18. Bank Draft
19. Letter appointing a forwarding agent
20. Agenda of statutory meeting
21. Share Certificate
22. Letter for claim under the marine insurance policy
23. Letter to bank requesting to obtain overdraft facility
24. Call letter
25. Balance Ticket
26. Mate’s Receipt
27. Letter to bank for opening a current Account
28. Certificate of commencement of business
29. form of indent
30. Special crossing of cheque
31. Certificate of Origin
32. General Crossing of Cheque
33. Resolution for appointment of Secretary (Secretarial practice)
34. Resolution for appointment of Auditor (Secretarial practice)
35. Resolution for appointment of Bankers (Secretarial practice)

A.Jinnah
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
1. Certificate of incorporation

Certificate of incorporation

From I.R
Certificate of incorporation
No: - 17-38329 of 2006

I here by Certify that OMTEX UNIVERSAL (INDIA) limited. Is this day incorporated under the
Companies Act, 1956 and that the company is limited.

Given under my hand at MUMBAI this SIXTEENTH day of DECEMBER two thousand and six

SEAL OF THE REGISTRAR Sd/-


OF THE COMPANIES Registrar of Companies
MAHARASTRA MAHARASTRA

2. Commencement Certificate

COMMENCEMENT Certificate

NO: - 17-38329
Certificate of Commencement of business
Pursuant of section 149(3) of Companies Act, 1956.

I here by Certify that OMTEX UNIVERSAL (INDIA) limited which was incorporated under the
Companies Act, 1956 on the SIXTEENTH day of DECEMBER two thousand Six and which has this
day filed a duly verified declaration in this prescribed form that the conditions of section 149(1) (a) to
(d)/ 149 (a) to (c) of the said Act, have been complied with is entitled to commence business.

Given under my hand at MUMBAI this SIXTEENTH day of AFRIL two thousand and seven.

SEAL OF THE REGISTRAR Sd/-


OF THE COMPANIES Registrar of Companies
MAHARASTRA MAHARASTRA
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50

Cheque
Feb 17, 2006

Pay MALLIKA SARAVAT


_______________________________________________________________________________OR
Bearer

Rupees ONE LAKH ONLY

_______________________________________________________________________________ Rs 1,
00,000

A/C No 38329 LF No - Intl

CANARA BANK
J.S Street,
MARINE DRIVE (w) EMRAAN HASMI
MUMBAI – 400 075 Sd/-

“008000” 400200781

Bank draft
Not over Rs 20000/-

Bank of Baroda
BOD/DD200/2006 Vile Parle 7TH Feb, 2006
Mumbai 400 016

On Demand Pay Manisha Rs Twenty Thousand Only for the Value received.

Rs 20,000

For Bank of Baroda


Sd/-
Branch Manager
Bank of Baroda
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
5. Letter to L.I.C of INDIA for Maturity of claim

Amisha Patel,
Flat no 59,
7G Rain bow colony,
Port,
Mumbai 400 021
7TH Feb, 2006

Ref. _______________

The Branch Manager,


Life Insurance Corporation of India,
Dadar 400 032.

Dear Sir,

Ref: - Maturity Claim under endowment Policy no. 38329.

I write this to inform you that the above policy has matured on 27th December, 2006.
Hence, I would like to claim the maturity amount immediately.

I therefore request you to send the claim form so as to enable me to claim the amount.

Thanking You
Yours Faithfully
Sd/-
Amisha Patel

Encl: - Policy No: - 38329

6. Letter for taking l.i.c policy

Amisha Patel,
Flat no 59,
7G Rain bow colony,
Port,
Mumbai 400 021
7TH Feb, 2006

The Branch Manager,


Life Insurance Corporation of India,
Dadar (W)
Mumbai - 400 032.

Sub: - Issue of Life insurance policy

Dear Sir,

I would like to obtain a personal life insurance endowment policy for Rs 10, 00,000 for 15
years. The proposal form supplied by your agent Mr. Karthik has been duly filled in and a cheque of Rs
40,000/- [Rs Forty Thousand Only] towards yearly premium enclosed herewith.
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
Kindly accept the proposal form and the premium amount and issue the endowment policy at
your earliest.

Thanking You
Yours Faithfully
Sd/-
Amisha Patel

Encl: - As Above

7. Letter for taking or asking for marine insurance policy

OMTEX PLY WOOD LIMITED


33, White Field
Coimbatore - 560 320

Ref No – 38329
The Manager,
Jagruti Insurance Corporation Limited,
Near Railway Station,
Coimbatore - 560 322.

Dear Sir: -

We have entered into a contract for a period of 3 months to supply our ply wood products from
Coimbatore to Kangaroo shine limited, Melbourne, Australia of the value upto Rs 2, 65,000/- we shall
be thankful to you if you issue a marine insurance policy for Rs 2, 60,000/- for 3 months from 1st
October, 2006 to 31st December to cover all the risks.

Thanking You
Yours Faithfully
Sd/-
Priskilla
Secretary

8. Letter for claiming loss from a marine insurance company

OMTEX PLY WOOD LIMITED


OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
33, White Field
Coimbatore - 560 320

Ref No – 38329
The Manager,
Jagruti Insurance Corporation Limited,
Near Railway Station,
Coimbatore - 560 322.

Dear Sir: -

Ref: - Marine insurance claim under policy No. 38329

We write this to inform you that our ship “TITANIC” Carrying goods from Coimbatore to
Melbourne was caught in storm on 10th October, 2006.

Our goods were insured with you under the time policy for Rs 2, 65,000/- the Ship reached its
destination on 15th October. The loss of goods has been already surveyed and the report of the surveyor
is enclosed herewith for your information.
We request you to send the claim form so that we can complete the same and claim the amount
at earliest.
Kindly expedite the settlement of claim.

Thanking You
Yours faithfully,
Sd/-
Jyothika
Secretary
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50

9. Letter for taking or asking for fire insurance policy

OMTEX PLY WOOD LIMITED


33, White Field
Mumbai- 560 320

Ref No – 38329
The Manager,
Jagruti Insurance Corporation Limited,
Near wadala Railway Station,
Mumbai - 560 322.

Dear Sir: -

Sub: - Taking of Fire insurance policy of Goods.

We are manufacturer of plywood for making benches. The Director of this company proposes to
insure against fire. The stock of ply woods at our godown at 60 J.J. Road Dadar Mumbai – 400 019 for
the sum of Rs 5, 00,000/- the insurance is required for a period of one year.
The godown and the stock in the may be inspected by your surveyor on any working day
between 11. Am to 4. Pm. We assure you that usual precautions taken against fire are strictly observed
by our company.
Please arrange for an early inspection of goods and godown and enable us to avail an
insurance cover.

Thanking You
Yours Faithfully
FOR OMTEX PLYWOOD
LTD.
Secretary
SD/-

10. Letter for claiming the loss by fire insurance


OMTEX PLY WOOD LIMITED
33, White Field
Mumbai- 560 320

Ref No – BN/89n 10th May, 2006


The General Manager,
The New India Assurance Company,
87, M.G.Road
Mumbai - 560 322.
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
Dear Sir: -

Ref: - Fire Insurance Claim under policy no 38329.

We write this to inform you that our goods insured under the specific policy no 38329 for Rs 5,
00,000/- have been partially destroyed by fire on 8th may, 2006 at 11 Pm at our godown situated at
Bandra. The exact cause of the fire is not known as yet.

The night watchman of our company Mr. David had noticed the fire summoned (informed) the
fire brigade immediately which arrived at 11.15 pm the fire was brought under control by 1.30am.
Accordingly to our assessments the amount of loss estimated to be Rs 3, 00,000/-

We therefore request you to send your surveyors to the site at your earliest to assess the exact
extent of loss incurred. Kindly send us the claim form and discharge form at your earliest.
Thanking You
Yours Faithfully
FOR OMTEX PLYWOOD
LTD.
SD/-
Secretary
J. Kalpana

11. MATE RECEIPT

TITANIC SHIPPING COMPANY


33, White Field Mumbai- 560 320

No –1 Date- March 7, 2006


Voy: 100
So No, 06

Received in goods order and condition on board the J.S. shinha for Calicut the under mentioned
goods from Manisha Trading Company (Name of the Party) _____________

Item Description weight length marks

Hags used
Unaccompanied 2700 ___ 1/50
50 packages baggage

This receipt is to be exchanged for company’s bill of lading

Sd/-
Mate James
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
12. Notice and Agenda of Annual General Meeting

Remo mirror glass ltd


9-A, S.J, Road, New Delhi-3

Notice is hereby given that the fourth Annual General Meeting of the members will be held at the
registered office A-1 hall, Jaipur of the Company on Tuesday 31st August 2006 at 2.30 pm, to transact the
following business.

Agenda

1. To receive and adopt the Director’s report and Audited balance.

2. To declare dividend

3. To appoint director in place of Shri N.K Vijay who retires by rotation and is eligible for reappointment.

4. To appoint auditor for the current year and to fix their remuneration.

By order of the Board


Sd/-
(A.B. Rahul)
Secretary
Dated: - at Jaipur, 5th August, 2006
Registered office
Opera house
Pink City,
Jaipur,
Rajasthan.

Note: -
1. A member who is entitled to attend and vote is entitled to appoint a proxy in behalf of him and that the
proxy is not needed to be a member of the company.
2. The Register of members and the transfer books will be closed from 5th August, 2006 to 12th August,
2006 both days inclusive.

13. Notice and Agenda of Statutory Meeting

Remo mirror glass ltd


9-A, S.J, Road, New Delhi-3

Date: - 17th Feb, 2006.

Notice of Statutory Meeting


Notice is hereby given that in Pursuance of section 165 of the companies Act 1956, the Statutory meeting of
REMO INDIA LIMITED will be held on 8th March, 2006at the Registered office at 5. Pm

A copy of the statutory report is enclosed here with.

Agenda
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50

1. To consider and adopt the statutory report.


2. Any other business with the permission of the chair.

Encl: - As Above
Note: - 1. A member who is entitled to attend and vote is entitled to appoint a proxy in behalf of him and that
The proxy is not needed to be a member of the company.

14 . SHARE CERTIFICATE

REMO WELL LIMITED


(Incorporated under the companies Act 1956)
Registered office: 101, Mini Road, Church gate, Mumbai-400 001.

Share Certificate

This is to certify that the person(s) named in this certificate is/are the registered share holder(s) of this
company of the within mentioned share(s) bearing the distinctive number(s), herein specified, subject to
the memorandum and Articles of Association of the company, and that the amount endorsed hereon has
been paid up on each shares,

EQUITY SHARES RS 10.00


AMOUNT PAID UP PER SHARES RS 10.00

Reg. folio no: - 38329 Certificate no: - 654321


Name(s) of holder(s) Mr. Mark
No of Share(s) held: 1,000.
Distinctive number(S): 105610 to 106609

Given under the common seal of this 6th day of February, 2006

Anita Indira Padma


Chairman Managing Director Authorized signatory

SEAL OF THE
COMPANY

Note: - No transfer of any of the shares comprised in this certificate will be registered unless
accompanied by this certificate.
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50

15. LETTER OF REGRET

REMO WELL LIMITED


101, Mini Road, Church gate, Mumbai-400 001

Ref: No. 38329 Date: May 7, 2006.

Vijay,
25 S.V Road, Bandra,
Mumbai – 400 032.

Dear Sir(S) Madam,

Issue of 36, 00,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each for cash par

We refer to your application lodged with our company in respect of the public issue. We regret that you
have not been allotted any equity shares as per details given below.

Ref no No of shares applied No of shares allotted amount paid Amt adjust Refund amt
On application

---- 1000 NIL 10000 NIL 10000

We thank you for the interest you have shown in our company.

Yours Truly
FOR REMO INDUSTRIES
Saraswathi
Secretary

Encl: - Refund Order.

16. Withdrawal slip

Pass book must accompany this withdrawal slip


Encl. ______ L.F. ________ Sr.No __________
Dena bank
Juhu, vile Parle (W)
Mumbai – 400 056.
Feb 17, 2006

Rs. 10,000

Pay self the sum of Rupees Ten thousand only and debit my saving Bank Account No 38329 Folio No.
101
J. Surya
Sign of Account Holder
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
17. Proxy form

Folio No: - 101 No of Shares: 500


REMO INDIA LIMITED
Regd Office: No. 10 S.V Road, Bandra. Mumbai 400 019

I/We Ricky Ponting Of Mumbai being a Member/Members of REMO INDIA LIMITED., do hereby
appoint Damien Martin of Mumbai or Failing him Adam Gilchrist of Mumbai as My/Our Proxy in
My/Our absence and vote for Me/Us, and on My/Our behalf at the Annual General Meeting of the
company, to be held on May 7, 2006 at 10 am and at any adjournment there of.

Signed this 6th day of May, 2006.


Affix
Signature of the Member(s) Ricky Ponting 30 Paise
Revenue
Stamp

Note –
1. This Proxy must be deposited at the registered office of the Company not less than 48 Hours before the time for holding
the meeting
2. A Proxy need not be a member of the company.

18. Letter for opening a current account


REMO INDIA LIMITED
No. 10 S.V Road, Bandra. Mumbai 400 019

Ref No CA/ 01 Date: 5th May, 2006.


The Manager,
Canara Bank,
G.S.L.V Street,
Charni Road,
Mumbai – 400 025.

Sub: - Letter for Opening a Current Account

Dear Sir,
The Board of Directors of This Company at its meeting held on 21st February, 2006. Passed a resolution
to open a current Account in the name of our Company in your Bank.

I am submitting the application form duly filled and signed along with the relevant documents.

1. Certified copy of certificate of incorporation of the Company.


2. Certified copy of Commencement of business Certificate.
3. Certified copies of Memorandum and Articles of Association.
4. List of Present Directors of the Company.
5. Specimen signature card containing signature of two directors Shri Ramnaresh Sarvan and Shri
Lara,
And that the company Secretary Greg Chappell who are authorized to operate the Bank Account
6. Certified copy of the board’s Resolution to open the Current Account with your bank.
7. A Sum of rupees 5000/- being the initial deposit.

Kindly open a Current Account in the name of our company and send us Pay-in-Slip and a Cheque
book at your earliest.
Your Truly,
Greg Chappell
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
Secretary
Encl: - As Above
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
19. Resolution for appointments of auditor

“RESOLVED That M/S Ajay Jadeja of Mumbai be and is hereby appointed auditors of the company
for the financial year 2006-2007 at the remuneration of Rs. 2,00,000 Per annum (Rupees Two Lakhs
Only)

20. Resolution for appointments of secretary

“RESOLVED That Shri Suji of Mumbai be and is hereby appointed Secretary of the Company on a
monthly Salary of Rs. 50,000 (Rupees Fifty Thousand) plus all allowances as per the rules of the
company, the appointment being subject to three months notice of either side.”

21. Resolution appointing bankers to the company

“RESOLVED That the Canara bank be and is hereby appointed Bankers to the company. Resolved
further that all cheques drawn on behalf of the company and all acceptances in its name be signed by
two Directors Shri Surya and Jyothika and countersigned by the Secretary. Cheques payable to the
company by endorsed on the company’s behalf by the Secretary alone and that a copy of this resolution
together with the application for opening current account, the copy of Memorandum and Articles of
Association of the company, and the specimen signature of the two Directors mentioned above and the
Secretary
Be furnished to the bankers.”

22. Letter asking bank to stop payment of cheque

STARLITE INDUSTRIES LIMITED


114, S.V. Road, Mumbai – 400 056.

Ref. No. SP/06 Date: - 5th Feb.,


2006

The Manager,
Canara Bank,
Parel,
Mumbai – 400 012.

Dear Sir,

Sub: - Stop payment of cheque No. 5610 Current Account No CA 38329

This has reference to our telephonic instructions with your bank this morning regarding the stop
payment of a cheque issued by us.

Please stop payment of Cheque No. 5610 dated 4th Feb., 2006. Drawn in favour of V. Kalpana for Rs
1, 00,000 (Rupees One Lakh only). The cheque is drawn against our Current Account No. 38329 with
your bank.

The cheque is reported to have been lost in transit.

Please inform us of the action taken by your bank, so that we can issue a fresh cheque to the above
mentioned party.

Yours Sincerely,
Jinnah.A
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
Secretary
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
23. Letter to a bank to issue letter of credit

STARLITE INDUSTRIES LIMITED


114, S.V. Road, Mumbai – 400 056.

Ref. No. SP/06 Date: - 5th Feb.,


2006

The Manager,
Canara Bank,
Parel,
Mumbai – 400 012.

Dear Sir,

Sub: - Issue of Letter of Credit

We have made arrangements with M/s. Comptronics Inc. 6th Cross Road, Miami, U.S.A. for the import
of Computer Software. We have already placed an order worth Rs. 10, 00,000/- in Indian Currency.

M/s. Comptronics Inc. has requested us to provide a letter of credit in respect of the order mentioned
above. We therefore, request your Bank to issue a Letter of Credit drawn in favour of M/s.
Comptronics Inc. the letter of credit should remain in force for two months form the date of its issue.
Please debit Current Account No. 38329 for the same.

Your early action in this regard shall be highly appreciated.

Thanking you,

Yours Sincerely,
Jinnah.A
Secretary

24. Dividend warrant

STARLITE INDUSTRIES LIMITED


114, S.V. Road, Mumbai – 400 056.

Dividend Warrant No. DW/101 Date: - 5th Feb.,


2006

Folio No. A2060

Dena Bank
Mumbai - 400 056.

Pay to Salman Khan or Order the sum of Rs. 4000/- (Rupees four thousand only)

Not Over Rs. 4000/-

For STARLITE INDUSTRIES LIMITED


Aishwarya Rai
Director (Finance)
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
25. Call letter

STARLITE INDUSTRIES LIMITED


114, S.V. Road, Mumbai – 400 056.

No: CL/5144 Date: - 5th Feb.,


2006

Shri Emraan Hasmi,


24, Angelin Street,
M.G. Road,
Bandra,
Mumbai 400 057

Dear Sir/Madam,
Sub: Payment of first and final call on equity Shares

I am directed to inform you that the Board of Directors, by a resolution No. 541 dated 22nd July 2006
has decided to make the First and Final of Rs. 5/- Per Equity Share of Rs. 10 each of our Company,
making the shares fully paid up.

The call amount due from you in respect of the 1000 Equity Shares registered in your name is Rs. 5000.
Kindly arrange to pay the call amount to the Company’s Bankers at their branches mentioned overleaf
On or before 6th march, 2006 please read the instructions printed overleaf.

In Case of your failure to make payment within the stipulated date, you are liable to pay the interest at
15% Per annum from date on which the call was due. Please note that if you are fail to make payment.
No transfer of shares will be accepted by the company and shares are liable to forfeiture

Yours Sincerely
(By Order of the Board)
Jinnah.A
Secretary

26. Agenda of the first board meeting

STARLITE INDUSTRIES LIMITED


114, S.V. Road, Mumbai – 400 056.

Agenda for the First Board Meeting to be held at the Registered Office of the Company on 25th
February, 2006 at 10 am

1. Election of the Chairman of the Meeting


2. Election of Chairman of the Company.
3. Appointment of the Secretary.
4. To record the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company.
5. Appointment of Auditor
6. Appointment of Bankers.
7. Appointment of Underwriters.
8. Adoption of preliminary Agreement.
9. Approval of the Draft Prospectus.
10. Adoption of Common Seal of the Company.
11. Any other business with the Permission of the Chairman.
12. To fix the date of the next Board Meeting.
27. Balance ticket
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50

STARLITE INDUSTRIES LIMITED


114, S.V. Road, Mumbai – 400 056.

No. BT/505 Date: 5th December.


2006.

Received Share Certificate No. 5105 in the name of Beckham for 1000 Equity Shares having distinctive
Nos. from 61011 to 62010 (both inclusive), against which transfer has been certified for 500 Equity
Shares distinctive Nos. from 61011 to 61510 (both inclusive) in favour of Ronaldo. Balance due 500
Equity Shares Nos. from 61511 to 62010 (both inclusive).

Subject to the approval of the Board of Directors, this Balance Ticket will be exchanged for a new
share Certificate on or after 5th January, 2007.

For STARLITE INDUSTRIES


LIMITED
Jinnah.A
Secretary

1. PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED COMPANY


Membership Membership
Minimum number of persons is 7 and maximum Minimum number of persons is 2 and maximum
number of person is unlimited. number of person required is 50.

Statutory meeting Statutory meeting


It Must hold a statutory meeting It need not to hold a statutory meeting

Transfer of shares Transfer of shares


The shares are freely transferable The right to transfer shares is restricted by its
articles.

Prospectus Prospectus
It must file with the registrar prospectus or A Private company need not file a prospectus or
statement in lieu of prospectus before allotment of statement in lieu of prospectus
shares.

Number of Directors Number of Directors


It must have Atleast 3 Directors It must have Atleast 2 Directors

Share Warrant Share Warrant


A public company issue bearer share warrant A Private company cannot issue bearer share
warrant

Preparation of Articles Preparation of Articles


It is not necessary to prepare articles it can adopt It Must Prepare its articles.
Table A.

Commencement Certificate Commencement Certificate


It is necessary to receive commencement It is not necessary to receive commencement
Certificate Certificate
2. MANAGING DIRECTOR DIRECTOR
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
Meaning Meaning
He is a full time director looking after the day to day A Director need not be a full time Director. He can
management of the company. take part in the meeting of the board meeting.

Appointment Appointment
He is appointed on the board of directors by A director is elected by the shareholders by passing a
shareholders and than the board of directors appoints resolution at annual general meeting.
him as a managing director.

Number of Directorship Number of Directorship


Normally, no person can be appointed as a managing No person shall hold a office of director in more than
director if he is either a managing director or director 20 Public limited companies.
of any other company.

Period of appointments Period of appointments


He is appointed for a period of 5 years and he is not Normally a director (other than a Permanent Director)
subject to retirement by rotation. he is appointed for a period 3 years and he is subject to
rotation.

Permission of Central Government Permission of central government


Permission of central government is required for a Permission of central government is not required for a
person to be appointed as Managing Director of more person to be appointed as Director of more than 2
than 2 Companies. companies.

3. MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION


Meaning Meaning
It is a fundamental document which lays down the It is subordinate document which provides rules to
objectives of the company. It regarded as the achieve the objectives. It is regarded as the rules and
constitution or charter of the company. regulations for internal working of the company.

Establishment of relationship Establishment of relationship


It defines the relationship between company and It defines the relationship between company & its
outsiders. shareholders/Directors.

Purpose Purpose
The main purpose is to define limits or the scope of the The main purpose is to provide directions for the internal
company’s activities. management of the company

Ease in Alteration Ease in Alteration


It is not so easy to alter memorandum. It is convenient to alter articles.

Obligation Obligation
Every company has to prepare its memorandum & A Public company limited by shares need not to
register it with the register of companies. register its Articles and as such can adopt Table A in
place of its Articles.
Contents Contents
It contains six clauses such as name clause, Domicile It contains rules and regarding internal management of
clause, objective clause, liability clause and the company. Such as rules regarding meeting,
association clause. appointment of directors, issue of shares etc…

Status Status
The Memorandum is the fundamental document required The Articles is subordinate to memorandum which is
for the formation of the company. required for the formation of the company.
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50
2. Write short notes on Consumer Rights

Introduction: -
In 1962 the American president John F. Kennedy, in his Consumer message to U.S. congress had specifically
mentioned four consumer Rights and opened the door for consumerism in .U.S. and all over the world.

Kennedy declared that consumers have the right to safety, to be informed, to choose and to be heard. Consumer
Movement is a Social Movement of Consumers that has come into existence to educate and unite consumers to
fight for protection of their rights.

Def: - Philip Kotler & G. Armstrong defines “Consumerism is an organised movement of then citizen and
government to impose the rights and powers of buyers in relation to seller”.

1. Right to Choose: - A Consumer should be given open access and freedom to choose from a variety of
products and services. Right of choice aims at promoting competition and discarding monopoly.
Sometimes leading competitors for the sake of business purpose joint hands and allocate market among
them. In order to restrict their monopoly it is necessary to get freedom of choice.

2. Right to Safety; -A Consumer has a right to be protected against the marketing of goods, which are
dangerous to human health and life. Consumer has a right to receive an assurance from the producer
about the quality, reliability and performance of good for products like electrical appliances ,
automobiles etc. considerable safety and security is required similarly food articles like sweets, fast
food, colddrings etc. should be free from a substances that are harmful for human consumption.

3. Right to be informed: -A Consumer has a right to be protected against fraudulent, miss leading
information, advertising, labeling or other practices and to be given facts needed to make proper choice.

4. Right to be heard: - This right permits the consumer to register his dissatisfaction or complaint with
the company and government. The right to heard also includes legal hearing to get redress of their
complaints. This right can be exercised effectively only when the consumers are properly organised.

5. Right to redress: - Many times, it so happens that the actual performance or quality of product does not
match with what is advertised or stated on package. This right enables the consumers to get his claims
settled, if he becomes a victim of exaggerated claims.

6. Right to Consumer education: -This is another important right aims at supplying information and
educating consumers regularly. It is a continues process and works to update consumers knowledge
about the developments in business and industry, and changes made in laws affecting consumer’s rights.
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50

3. Need/ importance/ objectives /role /function of Consumer Movement.

Consumer movement aims at promoting an interest of the consumers the following are the objectives of
consumer movement.

1. Protection against Malpractices: - the main objective of consumer movement is to protect the interest
of the consumer from the malpractices adopted by the business community such as charging high prices,
supplying inferior goods, creating artificial shortage.

2. Educating the consumers: - consumer movement aims at educating and informing the consumer about
their rights, such education makes the consumer aware of their rights.

3. Representing Consumers: - the consumer protection organisation such as consumer guidance society
of India represents on behalf of the consumers to the government authorities so as to frame proper
consumer protection laws and other measures for consumer protection.

4. Publishing unfair practices: - Consumer protection organisation publishes in various media regarding
the unethical practices of the businessman.

5. Forming of Association: - consumer movement encourages consumer to form consumer protection


associations at the local level.

6. Support to business community: - consumer movement aims at co-operation and support to the
business community in dealing with their problems and difficulties

7. Assistance in legal matters: - the Consumer protection organisation assist individual consumers in
legal matters i.e. the procedure to be followed in filling a complaint in the court.

8. Exerting or creating pressure on businessman: - consumer movement aims at exerting a pressure on


businessman and makes them more socially responsible.
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50

1. A. fill in the blanks

a. In 1879, ____________ signed a secret military alliance with Austria.


(Kaiser William II, Bismarck, Hindenburg)

b. Palegar’s revolt took place in _______________.


(Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat)

c. __________ was one of the founders of the Indian National congress.


(A.O.Hume, Lord Rippon, Lord Dufferin)

d. The Provincial Government of India was headed by _____________.


(Rajagopalachari, Sardar Patel, Pandit Nehru)

B. Match the Pairs

GROUP A GROUP B
1. Woodrow Wilson a. Founder of the Goa Youth League
2. Raja Ram Mohan Roy b. Founder of the Azad Gomandak Dal
3. Dr T.B. Cunha c. Founder of the Brahmo samaj
d. Founder of the Arya Samaj
e. Founder of the League of Nations

2. Answer the following questions in 20 to 25 words each: Any three

1. Why did Germany sign non aggression pact with Russia?


2. On What Ground did Lord Dalhousie annex the Princely states?
3. What is Social Renaissance?
4. What were the objectives of the Indian national congress at the time of its establishment in 1885?

3. Give Reasons for the following statements in 20 to 25 words each: Any three

1. The United States declared war on Germany in 1917.


2. Nanasaheb Peshwa Participated in the Revolt of 1857.
3. The Indian national congress accepted the partition of the Country.
4. The British Government supported the foundation of the Indian National Congress.

4. Answer the following in 40 to 50 words each: Any two


6MARKS
1. Write the Provisions of the Indian independence Act of 1947.
2. Give a Detailed account of the Azad Hind Army(Indian National Army)
3. Describe the ‘jallianwalla Baugh Event’ in Amritsar.
OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50

5. Answer the following questions in 80 to 100 words each: Any two


10MARKS
1. What were the Principle demands of the (INC) at the time of its Establishment?
2. Describe the nature of the Constructive Programme, which constituted a part of the (NCM)
3. What was the contribution of Dr B.R. Ambedkar to the cause of the Dalit emancipation?

6. Fill in the blanks by choosing the appropriate alternatives:


3MARKS
1. The Union Legislature is known as ________________.
(Parliament, Rajya Sabha, Legislative Assembly)

2. The Rural Self-Government is known as the _______________.


(Panchayat Samiti, Panchayati Raj, Village Panchayat)

3. The Foundation of the representative democracy in India was laid by the ________ rulers.
(British, Portuguese, French)

7. Answer the following questions in 20 to 25 words each: Any two


4MARKS

1. Why the Lok Sabha is is regarded as more powerful than the Rajya Sabha?
2. What is the Quorum required for the State Legislature?
3. Why is it necessary to eradicate communalism?

8. Write short notes in 20 to 25 words each: Any two


4MARKS
1. Financial Emergency
2. Original Jurisdiction of the supreme Court
3. Advantages of Mass Media.

9. Answer the following questions in 40 to 50 words; Any one


4MARKS
1. Describe the Composition of Lok Sabha.
2. Write an Explanatory function of the Municipal Commissioner.

ALL THE BEST AND HOPE FOR THE BETTER


OMTEX CLASSES FIRST PRELIMINARY EXAM
Time: 2 Hours Sub: - History and Civics Maximum Marks: 50