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Name: ____________________________ Date:__________ Period:________

Evolution Test
Multiple Choice: Fill in the blank that correctly completes the statement. Each question is worth 5 pts. _____1. A variation that makes an organism better suited to its environment is a(n) ____. A. adaptation B. fossil C. primate D. homologous structure _____2. A frozen mastodon discovered in Siberia is a type of _____. A. imprint B. fossil C. cast D. radioactive element _____3. Scientists use the study of _____ to show that both chickens and lizards have gills in their early stages of development. A. genetics B. fossils C. hominids D. embryology _____4. According to Darwin, which of the following statements is NOT a factor governing natural selection? A. Organisms produce more offspring than can survive. B. Variations are found among individuals of a species. C. Some variations enable members of a population to survive better than others. D. The number of individuals in a population with helpful variations remains relatively constant. _____5. Which of the following is NOT a vestigial structure? A. human appendix B. snake leg bone C. human outer ear D. whale hip bone _____6. An example of a protective adaptation is (are) ________. A. albinism B. seedless fruit C. camouflage D. hairline variations

_____7. The fossil record will never be complete because _________. A. there are too few scientists to examine the fossils B. fossil records are often stolen C. not every living thing becomes fossilized D. ancient life forms were too simple _____8. Which is true because of comparative embryology (early embryonic development)? A. A frog embryo resembles an adult frog. B. Male and female eagle embryos have wings. C. The embryos of all animals appear different. D. Turtle and human embryos have a tail Matching: Place a check in the area to identify the type of structure each statement describes. Each question is worth 2 pts. Statement: 9. Scientists believe human arms and whale flippers were inherited from a common ancestor. 10. The tailbone of a human is a structure that serves no practical purpose. 11. Hawk wings and grasshopper wings allow for sustained flight, but these structures evolved separately. 12. Humans can have their appendixes without effects. Answer the following questions in complete sentences. Each question is worth up to 5 pts. 13. What does fitness mean? Analogous Structure Homologous Vestigial Structure Structure

14. What is the difference between natural selection and artificial selection?

15. Summarize the four basic principles (trend) of natural selection.

16. Define evolution.

17. A syrphid fly is a type of fly with yellow and black bands on its body that resembles the markings of the yellow jacket wasp. Yellow jackets produce a painful sting, but syrphid flies have no sting. Identify the type of adaptation the syrphid fly has evolved. Provide reasons for your identification. Infer how the syrphid fly benefits from this adaptation.

True or False: Write the correct letter in the space provided next to the question. Each question is worth 5 pts. _____ 18. The theory of evolution states that all organisms evolved from a common ancestor. _____ 19. Homologous structures always have similar functions. _____ 20. Mendel was a major supporter of evolutionary theory. _____ 21. Evolutionary fitness is based not only survival but the ability to reproduce. _____ 22. Fossil record is one of the evidences for the theory of evolution.