Você está na página 1de 3

GLOBALIZATION The word globalization has attracted various definitions from various scholars from different quarters who

relate it to many context spearheaded by fields such as culture, economy, politics, and technology. There isnt a single general accepted definition of globalization but we shall look at various meanings of the term globalization to have at least an idea of what the term globalization means. The following are some of the definition of the term globalization, but that does not mean they are conclusive, there are more as there is no universally accepted definition of the term globalization. Globalization refers to the interconnection of human activity on a global scale to the unprecedented flows of capital, labor, technology, skills ideas values across state and national boundaries but in a way that neither States nor Nations can adequately control. Globalization is a transplanetary process or set of processes involving increasing liquidity and the growing multidirectional flows of people, object, places and information as well as the structures they encounter and create that are barriers to, or expedite these flows1 Globalization as concept refers both to the compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole both concrete global interdependence and consciousness of the global whole2 Globalization is the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant loyalties in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa.3 The next question we should ask ourselves is when did globalization begun? This has not been an easy task just as the meaning of globalization is not easy as some scholars say it begun in 1900s when advances in media and transportation technology truly globalized the world, others feel it has been going on since the beginning of humanity, when the first homo sapiens departed

1 2

Definition according to George Ritzer in his book, Globalization A Basic Text Robertson definition of Globalization 3 Giddens definition of Globalization

from other homo sapiens in an African village and set out in search of food, water and adventure. Cultural Anthropologist Arjun Appadurai thinks there was rapture within social life in the late 20th Century advances in media especially television, computers and cell phones combined with changes in migration patterns with people easily flowing back and forth around the world. Others say it begun a few hundred years ago they pair globalization with the rise of modernity in enlightenment or with the age of European exploration. Christopher Columbus arrival in America is often used as a marker for globalization. Some are coyly provocative like Historian Robert Markv who badly states that globalization begun in 1571 in Manila, his reason being that Spains colonization of the Philippines in that year was the final link in a truly global trade route. Finally we should seek to look at the significance of globalization. It has both its merits and demerits, merits include; competition which keeps prices relatively low, increases quality and there is minimum chances of inflation, communication enhances better understanding and broader vision as well as interchange of cultures, developing countries benefit as there is sound flow of money and thus decrease in currency difference among many others advantages. Demerits include; moral decay and corruption of cultures, spread of diseases dumping of products from developed countries e.g. computers, second hand clothes e.t.c environmental degradation use of Africans as guinea pigs e.g. genetic modified maize is a result of globalization among others. In summary globalization is like a coin with two sides, i.e. it has pros and cons and it depends on which side you wish to choose. Globalization therefore is multifaceted and multidimensional oftentimes its critics emphasis only its negative economic aspects, noting the export of jobs abroad or the downward spiral of wages but globalization is much broader and we need to be careful in sorting out both its positive and negative connotations.4

Wiarda, H. in his book, Globalization: Universal Trends, Regional Implications.

REFERENCES 1. Blanchette , O. , Imamichi, T. , Mclean, G. (2001). Philosophical Challenges and Opportunities of Globalization. Washington D.C; Library of Congress.

2. Ritzer, G. (2010). Globalization A Basic Text. United Kingdom; Blackwell Publisher 3. Waters, M. (1995). Globalization. London; Rout ledge 4. Lule, J. (2012). Globalization and Media Global Village of Babel. United Kingdom; Littlefield Publishing Group. 5. Wiarda, H. (2007). Globalization: Universal Trends, Regional Implications. One Court Street Lebanon; University Press of New England.

Interesses relacionados