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# ALGEBRA II HELPFUL NOTES 1.

1
Number Sets

Natural numbers

0
Whole numbers

0
Integers

0
Rational numbers

0
Real numbers

0
Irrational numbers

SET RELATIONSHIPS:

## Name all the sets the given number belongs to:

7

16

− 36
12

− 12
36
ALGEBRA II HELPFUL NOTES 1.2
Properties

ADDITION MULTIPLICATION
Commutative a+b=b+a a*b=b*a

Associative  a  b  c  a   b  c  a b  c  a  b c 

Identity a0 a 1 a  a

Inverse a  (a )  0 1
a 1
a

## Distributive property of addition over multiplication

a(b  c)  ab  ac

## Distributive property of subtraction over multiplication

a(b  c)  ab  ac

## Fill in the blanks with the property examples below:

3(9  4)  3  9  3  4 2  4  4  (2)
(7  3) 11  7  (3 11)
1 0  (8)  8
34  ( 34)  0   (5)  1
5 2 5 10
37  29  29  37  
8  (2  4)  6  (8  2)  (4  6) 3 5 15
Addition: Multiplication:
Commutative: _____________________ commutative: _____________________

## Distributive of multiplication over addition or subtraction: _______________________

ALGEBRA II HELPFUL NOTES 1.3
Axioms
Equations Inequalities
Reflexive A=A

Symmetric If A = B, than A = B

## Comparison The only one can be

true:A>B, A<B, A=B
Transitive If A=B and B=C then If A<B and B<C then
A=C A<C
Addition If A=B, then If A<B, then
A+C=B+C A+C<B+C
Multiplication If A=B, then A  C=B  If A<B,andC>0 then A
C  C<B  C

If A<B,andC>0 then A
 C<B  C

## 1. Name the property:

a) Either Alma is younger than Iris, or they are the same age, or Alma is
older than Iris. ______________

b) If Ethan is the same age as Kyle, then Kyle is the same age as Ethan. ______________

c) Cody and his dad work for the same company, which gives it’s employees
Christmas bonus 10% of the monthly salary. If dad’s salary is higher than ______________
Cody’s, then dad’s bonus will be higher than Cody’s.

## e) If y + 5 = 10 , then y + 5 + -5 = 10 + -5, so y = 5 ______________

x x ______________
f) If < 10, then  (2) > 10  (2) , so x > -5
2 2

## 2. Fill in appropriate sign into the blanks:

a) if m = n and p < 0, than mp ____ np, and m + p ____ n + p
b) if m = n and p > 0, than mp ____ np, and m + p ____ n + p
c) if m < n and p < 0, than mp ____ np, and m + p ____ n + p
d) if m < n and p > 0, than mp ____ np, and m + p ____ n + p
ALGEBRA II HELPFUL NOTES 1.4
Relations & Functions
Relation: given 4 ways:

## Table: It’s a function if ________________________ .

x -2 -1 0 1 x 4 1 0 1 (-4, 4) (-3, 4) (-2, 4)
y 4 1 0 1 y -2 -1 0 1 (-1, 4) (0, 4) (1, 4) (2, 4)

## Bubbles: write each arrow as a coordinate, 0

2 3
then use the rule for coordinates
4

## Evaluating: *evaluate f(-2)

**evaluate f(x) for x = -2
Zeros
Zero of an equation is an x value of a point with y = 0 , which is just the
function’s ____________________ , the point where the line
______________ x-axis

## Example 1: Example 2: Example 3:

GRAPH TABLE FUNCTION
X Y
-1 15 Slope-intercept form:
0 10 F(x) = 3x – 9
2 5
3 0 Not a slope-intercept form:
5 -5 2x + 7y = 14
6 -10

## Domain and range of functions given by equations

The domain of a function (what X can be) is all real numbers – unless the x
part is either.…
a
• In the denominator of some fraction. Ex1: Domain of y = is x ≠ 0
x
• Under a radical. Ex2: Domain of y = x is x ≥ 0
• A logarithmic function

## The Range of a function is all real numbers - unless the function is a

• polynomial with the highest power ________________.
• rational, exponential, or absolute value function

Find:
2x + 3 d) range of f(x) = 2 x 2 + 5
a) domain of f(x) =
x−2

## c) domain of f(x) = 2x – 6 f) range of f(x) = 2 x 3 + 5

ALGEBRA II HELPFUL NOTES 1.5
Operations with functions

f ( x)
DIVISION g ( x)

2) find g 2 ( x)

## 3) evaluate f(x) ∗ g(x)

f ( x)
4) evaluate
g ( x)
ALGEBRA II HELPFUL NOTES 1.6
Composite functions

## SYMBOLS: f(g(x)) = f  g(x)

g(f(x)) = g  f(x)

## b) evaluate g(f(4)) d) find g  f(x)

1
2. Given f ( x) = x and g(x)= 3x +6
3

e) find f  g(x) 2
g) evaluate f  g( )
3

f) find g  f(x) 3
h) evaluate g  f( )
2
ALGEBRA II HELPFUL NOTES 1.7
Inverse functions

## To find the inverse of a function, switch the ______________________.

Equations:
1. Write y instead of f(x)
2. Switch y and x
3. Solve for the new y:

4
f(x) = 3x – 7 f(x) = 2x + 4 f(x) = x
5

8
f(x) = x 2 f(x) = x 2 – 1 f(x) =
x

12
f(x) = f(x) = 4
x−2
Graphs: graph each function with its inverse on your calculator (if
possible). What can you conclude about the graphs?

4
3

5 -2

f(x) f −1 (x)
x 1 2 3 4 x
y -1 0 -1 -4 y