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# CE 215 Fluid Mechanics

Department of Petroleum Engineering Undergraduate Course Description for 2010/2011: Fluid Mechanics (CE 215)
Contents:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Administrative Information Course Aim, General Description of the Course and Relation to Other Courses Teaching Methods and Assessment of Learning Transferable Skills Student Responsibilities Texts and Syllabus

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Course name: Fluid Mechanics Course code: CE-215 Academic Session: 2010-2011 Batch: 2009-2010 Credit Hours: 3hrs Instructor: Dr. Haider Hasan Consulting Hours: Monday-Thursday 08:30-13:10 Contact Information: Office Location: Department of Civil Engineering Telephone: +92 (21) 99261261-8 Ext: 2618 E-mail: hhasan@neduet.edu.pk 9. Prerequisites: Differentiation and Integration, Simple vector Operations, Concepts of velocity, acceleration, force and energy. Newtons Laws of Motion

Course Aim:
The course will provide the student with the mathematical machinery for modeling fluid motion and for calculating the flow of an ideal fluid in a variety of situations. The student will develop important insight and understanding for subsequent study of fluid flows. These skills provide a crucial building block for subsequent study of fluid mechanics, especially those processes associated with wave propagation, instabilities and turbulence.

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## General Description of the Course:

The objective of the course is to introduce and develop an understanding of the fundamental principles and the mathematical theory underlying fluid mechanics in the context of Engineering. This theory is then applied to a variety of situations, permitting the calculation of the fluid flow. The course will give a physical and mathematical insight into a range of phenomena, which can be observed in the world around us. Examples include: the lift on an aircraft wing, pressure exerted on submerged areas, flow down a plug hole etc.

## Relation to Other Courses:

Other course such as Reservoir Fluid Properties also contain material relevant to fluid mechanics.

Teaching Methods:
There will be 45 lectures, 3 each week presenting the basic concepts, theory and applications of fluid mechanics in Engineering. Lectures maybe delivered through the use of OHPs Black/white board Powerpoint presentations Worked examples would be a part of applying the theory. So PLEASE BRING YOUR CALCULATORS. Regular assignments and quizzes will be set and marked.

Learning Objectives:
After the course, student should: 1. be familier with and able to manipulate the mathematics of a continuum of fluid flow. This includes the way to describe the kinematics of the motion, the notion of fluid pressure and the equations expressing the conservation of mass and momentum within the flow. 2. be able to solve a wide variety of fundamental fluid flow problems using a variety of techniques introduced during the course. These include for example flow hydraulics etc. 3. be aware of the wide range of applications of fluid mechanics to many practical situations in industry and the environment.

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## CE 215 Fluid Mechanics

Assessment of Learning:
Assessment Method Sessional There will be atleast 8 quizzes (20%) and regular assignments (5%) Final Exam (Exam paper would consist of 6 questions of which you choose 4) Total Maybe subject to change 75% Weight 25%

100%

Transferable Skills:
The student will learn some of the skills involved in mathematical modelling: namely, transforming a real physical problem into a mathematically tractable form and then being able to interpret and communicate the results of the calculation. The unit will also develop various analytical and problem-solving techniques. Some group work with the problem sheets will be encouraged.

Student Responsibilities
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Attendance is important for you to sit in a exam. 75% at least. To be Punctual to class (You may be marked absent or not allowed to enter). To be attentive and engaged in class. Do ask questions. Refrain from using mobiles, laptops and other electronic devices. To spend adequate time understanding and learning in your own time. Seek help when appropriate

Texts:
1. * Franzini, J.B. and Finnemore, E. J. (1997), Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Applications, 10th ed., McGraw-Hill, Inc 2. Batchelor, An Introduction to Fluid Dynamics, Cambridge University Press 3. Chadwick, A.. and J. Morfett (1998), Hydraulics in Civil and Environmental Engineering, 3rd ed., E & FN Spon 4. Douglas J. F., Gasiorek J. M., and Swaffield J. A. (1986), Fluid Mechanics, 2nd ed., Longman Pub Group 5. White, F. M. (1999), Fluid Mechanics, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill Co. (* highly recommended texts) -3-

## CE 215 Fluid Mechanics

Syllabus:
TOPICS Basic Concepts and Definitions: Fluid Statics: Units, density specific weight, mass, viscosity, compressibility, surface tension, vapour pressure; Continuum, Lagrange and Eulerian description. Pascals Law; Measurement of pressure; Pressure head; Hydrostatic forces on submerged areas (plane and curved); Manometers; Buoyancy of fluids; Simple lift and drag equations and their applications Types of flow; Streamline and streak lines; velocity and acceleration in steady and unsteady flow; Equation of continuity, Flow net Energy, Energy Equations; Hydraulic grade line and energy line; Flow in a curve path; Vortex and cavitation Basic principle; Forces on pressure conduits, stationary and moving blades, reducers and bends; Torques in rotating machines; Applications General equation for friction; Laminar and turbulent flow in circular pipes, semi-empirical theories of turbulence; Velocity profile in circular pipes, pipe roughness, Nukuradses experiments, Moodys diagrams; Minor losses; Pipe flow problems. Static, velocity and acceleration measurements; Orifices meter, notches & weirs, venturimeter Types, Work and Efficiencies, Specific speed, Cavitation TOTAL NO. OF PERIODS 06

11

Fluid Kinematics:

06

08

Impulse-Momentum:

04