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CHAPTER 8 (FORM 4) 8.

4-BIODIVERSITY

Prepared by: Asyraf Sallehudin (Ash) Amelia Suhaila (Momoe) Musfirah (Mus) Arrafiq Zaidan (Rafiq)

What is Biodiversity ???

Present by Amelia Suhaila

Classification of Organisms

Is the branch of Biology

The organisms can be easily

concerned with the identification , naming and classification of organisms.


Systematic method of

classifying plants and animals based on their characteristic and similarities.

and accurately identified and enables scientists to communicate accurately and precisely with one another.

Present by Amelia Suhaila

Present by Amelia Suhaila

Classification of Organism
Unicellular organism Absence of nuclear membrane Present of cell wall Either autotrophic or heterotrophic Simple organization No specialization

MONERA

PROTISTA

Mostly unicellular organisms Present of nuclear membrane Either presence or absence of cell wall Either autotrophic or heterotrophic Simple organization No specialization of cell

Present by Amelia Suhaila

Classification of Organism
Unicellular or multicellular organism Presence of nuclear membrane Presence of cell wall Heterotrophic Most have simple organization May have specialization of cell

FUNGI

PLANTAE

Multicellular organisms Presence of nuclear membrane Most are autotrophic Complex organization Specialization of cell Immobile

Present by Musfirah Roslan

Classification of Organism

ANIMALIA

Multicellular organisms Presence of nuclear membrane Absence of cell wall Heterotrophic Complex organization Specialization of cell Mobile

Present by Musfirah Roslan

Hierarchy in the classification of organisms


For this hierarchy, the most largest group is

kingdom, and the most smallest group is species. Its can be divided into seven main group.

Present by Asyraf Sallehudin

Hierarchy in the classification of organisms


Organism in same group have the same characteristics .
So, its will be different to the other group.
For example,
Organism in same phylum have the same

characteristics, but differ from the other phyla. Organism in same class have same characteristics, but differ from other classes.

Present by Asyraf Sallehudin

Hierarchy in the Phylum classification of Class organisms


Order Family Genus Species

Kingdom

Present by Asyraf Sallehudin

Linnaeus Binomial System.


Introduce by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus also known as Father of Taxonomy

This system is used to naming the organism scientifically at international level. An organism is named with two Latin names. The first name is the genus name. The second name is the specific name that is the species. How to write the name ??? Both must in Latin. The genus name begins with capital letter; while the species name begin with small letter. Printed in italics. If handwritten, each name is underlined separately.

Present by Asyraf Sallehudin

What the importance of Linnaeus Binomial system ???


This system is used to get the accurate name and; Avoid confusion over the name of the organism. It also ensures that the naming of organism is systematically.

Present by Asyraf Sallehudin

What is the Importance of Biodiversity ???


Food
Pollination

Organic Oils

Medicine

Provide various of biological product.


Rubber Timber

Carbon cycle and climate

Provide many enviromental services to human.

Nutrient cycling

Spices

Regulation of water

Present by Arrafiq Zaidan

What is the Importance of Biodiversity ??? As a food shelter and other basic needs. As a rich heritage of flora and fauna. Diversity in genetic pool.

Present by Arrafiq Zaidan

End of Our Presentation