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Arshad Hussain, JD (E&P)

The effect of human overpopulation on environment

According to projections, the world population will continue to grow until at least 2050, with the population reaching 9 billion in 2040, and some predictions putting the population in 2050 as high as 11 billion. The world population is currently growing by approximately 74 million people per year. Overpopulation places competitive stress on the basic life sustaining resources, leading to a diminished quality of life. This declining quality of life could lead to various problems like spread of diseases, famines, depression etc. The more humans there are the bigger becomes the problem of interpersonal relationships, humans living together, epidemics and criminality. A large expansion of agriculture to provide growing populations with improved diets is likely to lead to further deforestation, loss of species, soil erosion. All of these would lead to various problems such as global warming, melting of icecaps and extinction of various species. Fresh water supplies, on which agriculture depends, are running low worldwide. This water crisis is only expected to worsen as the population increases. Due to a decrease in fresh water resources we could face problems like drought and famines. To feed the surplus population farmers would bring more land into farming causing more deforestation. Pollution from pesticides and fertilizer runoff as farming intensifies. This excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides not only leads to widespread pollution but also affects ones health. One billion people, one out of every seven people alive, go to bed hungry .Every day, 25,000 people die of malnutrition and hunger-related diseases. Almost 18,000 of them are children under 5 years old. Food production and distribution could catch up if our population stopped growing and dropped to a sustainable level. With the imbalance growing between population numbers and vital life sustaining resources, humans must actively conserve cropland, freshwater, energy, and biological resources. There is a need to develop renewable energy resources. Humans everywhere must understand that rapid population growth damages the Earth's resources and diminishes human well-being China is the most populous country with more than 1.3 billion people. India is second with more than 1.1 billion. By about 2030 India is expected to exceed China with

nearly 1.5 billion people. As population increases, the more resources that population needs. More fossil fuels are burned, releasing harmful compounds into the atmosphere. This contributes to the breakdown of the ozone layer. Also, the population requires more living space, contributing to the destruction of forests and animal species. Most all of the world's problems today are the result of overpopulation. Too many people mean famine, disease, stress resulting in conflict, pollution and poverty. Fortunately for the earth and unfortunately for humans, this situation is self-correcting. Overpopulation makes the planet less habitable, the more people that die and make the world less populated. Therefore, a solution to most of the world's problems can be found in reducing the world's population. Overpopulation has serious repercussions and hence we must take strict measures in order to control it. In the age of technological advancements everything is made easily available to us. We should take up the responsibility of protecting our environment not just for ourselves but for our future generations. If the population keeps increasing at this rate there might be a day when all the resources on earth are exhausted and there is a tug of war for the basic necessities of life. Imagine yourself in a place which is overly crowded, there is widespread pollution, and there are no means to recover. It is never too late for a new beginning. As global citizens we must join hands and protect what is most important our mother Earth.