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Institute of Professional Education and Research




s.no. no. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.



Culture Economy Social life Education Political system Trade and commerce

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Socialist Republic of Vietnam Cng ha X hi ch ngha Vit Nam



Motto: c lp T do Hnh phc "Independence Freedom Happiness"

Hanoi Capital Largest city Official language(s) Official scripts Demonym Government 212N 10551E21.033N 105.85E Ho Chi Minh City Vietnamese Vietnamese alphabet Vietnamese Unitary socialist republic, Single-party state President Prime Minister Chairman of National Assembly General Secretary of the CPV Legislature Trng Tn Sang Nguyn Tn Dng Nguyn Sinh Hng Nguyn Ph Trng

National Assembly of Vietnam


Formation of Vietnam

2879 BC




Main article: Culture of Vietnam

Municipal Theatre, also known as the Saigon Opera House Vietnam is an agricultural civilization based on wet rice cultivation with ancient Dong Son culture as one of its defining aspects. The major stimulation of Vietnamese culture's development comes from indigenous factors.

Vietnamese totems are Vietnamese dragon which is derived from crocodile and snake (Vietnam's National Father- Lc Long Qun is a holy dragon), lc- a holy bird (Vietnam's National Mother- u C is a bird fairy), turtle and ngh- in dog's image.

Vietnam was partially indianized for some certain periods of time, mostly by Buddism. Through history, Cham culture, Cambodian culture. Vietnam's contemporary culture is also influenced by Western culture, for example, American, French and Russian cultures. The official spoken and written language of Vietnam is Vietnamese.


A Vietnamese woman wearing an o Di

One of the most popular Vietnamese traditional garments is the "o Di", worn often for special occasions such as weddings or festivals.

White o di is the required uniform for girls in many high schools across Vietnam. o Di was once worn by both genders but today it is worn mainly by females, except for certain important traditional culture-related occasions where some men do wear it.

Main article: Vietnamese cuisine

Vietnamese cuisine uses very little oil and many vegetables. The main dishes are often based on rice, soy sauce, and fish sauce.

Its characteristic flavors are sweet (sugar), spicy (serrano peppers), sour (lime), nuoc mam (fish sauce), and flavored by a variety of mint and basil.

Vietnamese music varies slightly in the t:hree regions: Bc or North, Trung or Central, and Nam or South. Northern classical music is Vietnam's oldest and is traditionally more formal.


The Temple of Literature in Hanoi Vietnamese literature has a long history. Folk literature has been developed for centuries with many great arts, including a typical 68 verse poem kind named "ca dao", a system of tales about village establishers and heroes which served as cultural base for many cultural regions (for example, "Saint Ging tales

Arts and sports:

Vovinam and Bnh nh martial arts are two popular Vietnamese martial arts practiced by many within Vietnam. Football (soccer) is the most popular team sport in Vietnam. Sports and games such as badminton, tennis, ping pong, and chess are also popular with large segments of the population. Volleyball, especially women's volleyball, is watched by a fairly large number of Vietnamese people


Vietnam has a plethora of festivals, the most important being the New Year Tt. The dates of the calendar are set by the Lunar Calendar. Among countless other traditional Vietnamese occasions, the traditional Vietnamese wedding is very popular. Many of the age-old customs in a Vietnamese wedding continue to be celebrated by both Vietnamese in Vietnam and overseas, often combining both western and eastern elements.

Main article: Economy of Vietnam

Vietnam has been, for much of its history, a predominantly agricultural civilization based on wet rice cultivation. The collectivization of farms, factories and economic capital was implemented, and millions of people were put to work in government programs.


In 1986, the Sixth Party Congress of Vietnam introduced free market economic reforms as part of a broad reform package called i Mi (Renovation), resulting in a socialistoriented market economy. Private ownership was encouraged in industries, commerce and agriculture.

Vietnam achieved around 8% annual GDP growth between 1990 to 1997, and the economy continued to grow at an annual rate of around 7% from 2000 to 2005, making Vietnam one of the world's fastest growing economies.

The Saigon River cargo port in Ho Chi Minh City. Manufacturing, information technology and high-tech industries now form a large and fast-growing part of the national economy. Though Vietnam is a relative newcomer to the oil industry, it is currently the third-largest oil producer in Southeast Asia, with an output of 400,000 barrels per day (64,000 m3/d). Like its Chinese neighbours, Vietnam continues to make use of centrally-planned economic five-year plans. In 2010, Vietnam's nominal GDP reached US$103.124 billion, with a nominal GDP per capita of $1,168, , according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).


Vietnams Confucian heritage is evident in the importance the Vietnamese give to the familys are essentially patrilineal,but Vietnamese women work alongside men in many jobs and play a major role in raising children and managing family finance.

When possible, the Vietnam is prefer to work from early morning until early evening, with an extended rest period during the mid day hit.in rural areas ,both women and men wear trousers shirts and blouses on formal occasions and in urben areas ,wester style clothing including skirts and blouses for women ..

Main article: Education in Vietnam

The University of Medicine in Hanoi


Vietnam has an extensive state-controlled network of schools, colleges and university General education in Vietnam is divided into five categories: kindergarten, elementary schools, middle schools, high schools, anduniversities. A large number of Vietnam's most acclaimed universities are based in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. The number of colleges and universities increased

dramatically in the 2000s, from 178 in 2000 to 299 in 2005.

Main articles: Politics of Vietnam and Military of Vietnam

The Presidential Palace in Hanoi, formerly the Palace of The Governor-General of French Indochina.

The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum in Hanoi


. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a single-party state. .Only political organizations affiliated with or endorsed by the Communist Party are permitted to contest elections in Vietnam. These include the Vietnamese Fatherland Front and worker and trade unionist parties. The President of Vietnam is the titular head of state and the nominal commander-in-chief of the military of Vietnam, chairing the Council on National Defense and Security. The current Prime Minister of Vietnam, Nguyen Tan Dung, is the head of government, The General Secretary of the Communist Party performs numerous key administrative and executive functions, controlling the party's national organization and state appointments, as well as setting policy. The National Assembly of Vietnam is the unicameral legislature of the government, composed of 498 members.The Supreme People's Court of Vietnam is the country's highest court of appeal, though it is also answerable to the National Assembly

Since the early 2000s, Vietnam has applied sequenced trade liberalisation, a two-track approach opening some sectors of the economy to international markets while protecting others.

In July 2006, Vietnam updated its intellectual property legislation to comply with TRIPS, and it became a member of the WTO on January 11, 2007. Vietnam is now one of Asia's most open economies: two-way trade was valued at around 160% of GDP in 2006, more than twice the contemporary ratio for China and over four times the ratio for India.

Vietnam's chief trading partners include China, Japan, Australia, the ASEAN countries, the United States and Western Europe.


As a result of several land reform measures, Vietnam has become a major exporter of agricultural products. It is now the world's largest producer of cashew nuts, with a onethird global share;

the largest producer of black pepper, accounting for one-third of the world's market; and the second-largest rice exporter in the world, after Thailand . Vietnam has the highest proportion of land use for permanent crops - 6.93% - of any nation in the Greater Mekong Subregion. Other primary exports include coffee, tea, rubber, and fishery products.

Transport:Main article: Transport in Vietnam Vietnam's modern transport system was originally developed under French rule to facilitate the transportation of raw materials, and was reconstructed and extensively modernized following the Vietnam War.

Main article: Air transport in Vietnam

An aircraft sporting Vietnam Airlines livery. Vietnam operates 17 major civil airports, including three international gateways: Noi Bai serving Hanoi, Da Nang International Airport serving Da Nang, and Tan Son Nhat serving Ho Chi Minh City.


Vietnam Airlines, the state-owned national airline, maintains a fleet of 69 passenger aircraft, and aims to operate 150 by 2020. Several private airlines are also in operation in Vietnam, including Air Mekong, Jetstar Pacific Airlines and VASCO.


A bus in Ho Chi Minh City. Vietnam's road system includes national roads administered at the central level; provincial roads managed at the provincial level; district roads managed at the district level; urban roads managed by cities and towns; and commune roads managed at the commune level.

Main article: Rail transport in Vietnam Currently, Vietnam's primary cross-country rail service is the Reunification Express, which runs from Ho Chi Minh City to Hanoi, covering a distance of nearly 2,000 kilometres.In 2009, Vietnam and Japan signed a deal to build a high-speed railway using Japanese technology. Water:


A ferry crossing the Saigon River. Vietnam has several major sea ports, including Cam Ranh, Da Nang, Hai Phong, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Gai, Qui Nhn, and Nha Trang. Further inland, the country's extensive network of rivers play a key role in rural transportation, with over 17,000 kilometres (11,000 mi) of navigable waterways..