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Asia Survey Report Results Summary

About Your Country:


A broad definition of social entrepreneurship is individual(s) who establish businesses to do social or environmental good. Do you agree with this definition?
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure 76.92% 17.31% 5.77%

What are your countrys greatest strengths in supporting social enterprise? (Select up to three.)
Response Percent 1 Easy to access local business owner networks and other social ventures Easy to access local business organization networks and resources Easy to access local community-based networks and social organizations Easy to access political infrastructure Easy to access labour pool and talent Society is in order and under the principles of the rule of law Government provides enough support to create an enabling environment for business Financial market is developed Sense of communalities/community sense and pride Nationalism Justice & Law Enforcement Economic growth 31.37%

15.69%

62.75%

4 5

11.76% 41.18%

13.73%

15.69%

15.69%

9 10 11 12

41.18% 9.80% 15.69% 31.37%

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

What are your countrys greatest strengths in supporting social enterprise? (Select up to three.)
Response Percent 13 14 15 Public Service (Education, Health, etc) Political Stability Other, please specify: 17.65% 19.61% 15.69%

What are your countrys greatest weaknesses in supporting social enterprise? (Select up to three.)
Response Percent 1 Lack of access to local business owner networks and other social ventures Lack of access to local business organisation networks and resources Lack of access to local community-based networks and social organizations Lack of access to political infrastructure Lack of access to labour pool and talent Lack of social order Lack of government support to create an enabling environment for business Lack of active financial markets Lack of Sense of communalities/community sense and pride Lack of Nationalism Lack of Economic growth Lack of Public Service (Education, Health, etc.) Lack of Political Stability Other, please specify: 19.61%

19.61%

15.69%

4 5 6 7

35.29% 21.57% 19.61% 62.75%

37.25%

9 10 11 12 13 14

19.61% 9.80% 15.69% 21.57% 27.45% 15.69%

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

What are your countrys greatest weaknesses in supporting social enterprise? (Select up to three.)
Response Percent

Do you think social enterprise has a strong profile in your country?


Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure 36.54% 30.77% 32.69% answered skipped

Would you agree your government understands the importance of social enterprise?
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Unable to Say 28.85% 51.92% 19.23%

Do you agree your government is supportive of social enterprise and social entrepreneurs?
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Unable to Say 38.46% 32.69% 28.85%

How could governments best assist social entrepreneurs?


Response Percent
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

How could governments best assist social entrepreneurs?


Response Percent 1 2 3 Reduce regulations for early stage social businesses Provide public finance Raise the profile of social enterprise Create a special (company) legal entity for social enterprises Other, please specify: 11.54% 23.08% 17.31%

4 5

30.77% 17.31% answered skipped

Do you feel the following organisations understand social entrepreneurship?

Matrix Charts
1. Corporations 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure Percent 32.69% 44.23% 23.08%

2. Governments 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure

Percent 23.08% 44.23% 32.69%

3. Investors 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure

Percent 26.92% 42.31% 30.77%

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

4. Media 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure

Percent 43.14% 27.45% 29.41%

5. NGOs 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure

Percent 65.38% 7.69% 26.92%

6. Universities 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure

Percent 50.00% 21.15% 28.85%

About Your Business:


What portion of your income is generated by sales to customers/clients? (Excluding grants etc.)
Response Percent 1 2 3 4 5 < 25% 26% - 50% 51% 75% > 76% - 100% Not applicable 15.69% 5.88% 11.76% 25.49% 41.18%

Do you anticipate the percentage of sales income will grow or diminish over the next two to three years?
Response Percent 1 2 Grow Diminish 54.00% 6.00%

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Do you anticipate the percentage of sales income will grow or diminish over the next two to three years?
Response Percent 3 4 Remain stable Not applicable 14.00% 26.00%

Customers
Do you agree with the following statement? Social entrepreneurs rely too much on grants rather than generate income from sales/services.
Response Percent 1 2 3 Agree Disagree Undecided 54.00% 28.00% 18.00% answered skipped

Do you agree with the following statement? It is easy to find customers for my business.
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Not applicable 37.25% 31.37% 31.37% answered skipped

Do you feel you are good at marketing your product/service?


Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Not applicable 58.82% 19.61% 21.57% answered skipped

Skills:
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Do you feel you have the skills and know-how to take your business forward over the next three to five years?
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Not Sure 67.35% 10.20% 22.45% answered skipped

Do you feel your team has the skills and know-how to take your business forward over the next three to five years?
Response Percent 1 2 3 4 Yes No Not sure Not applicable 54.90% 7.84% 15.69% 21.57%

Which of the following would you most benefit from in terms of training? (Tick all that apply.)
Response Percent 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Marketing Sourcing finance Managing people Networking Financial management Personal development (E.g. leadership, self management) Other, please specify: 53.85% 53.85% 34.62% 51.92% 46.15% 42.31% 9.62%

Most benefit from:


Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Which of the following would your organisation most benefit from? (Tick all that apply.)
Response Percent 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 More customers Investment Loan finance Grants Donations Access to talent Media profile Government recognition Other, please specify: 71.15% 48.08% 19.23% 46.15% 23.08% 42.31% 57.69% 30.77% 3.85%

Media:
Do you agree with the following statement? "I find it easy to obtain media profiling for me and/or my business."
Response Percent 1 2 3 4 Yes No Don't know Not applicable 35.29% 37.25% 19.61% 7.84%

Universities and Training:


Do you agree with the following statement? Universities in my country are offering sufficient number of courses in social enterprise or social business.
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure 9.62% 67.31% 23.08%

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Do you agree with the following statement? Courses on Social enterprise and social business offered by universities in my country are of high quality.
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure 19.23% 42.31% 38.46%

Do you agree with the following statement? In my country courses on social enterprise tend to be too academic and insufficiently practical or useful for early stage social businesses."
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure 39.22% 19.61% 41.18%

Do you agree with the following statement? Universities in my country have been slow to provide courses on social enterprise and/or social business at any level.
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure 70.00% 8.00% 22.00%

How would you most like to receive training on social enterprise? (Tick all that apply.)
Response Percent 1 2 3 4 5 Mentoring (one-to-one) Classroom environment with others Online/Distance learning Hands-on job training or apprenticeships Unsure 65.38% 46.15% 38.46% 63.46% 1.92%

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Is an academic qualification in business/social business/social enterprise important to you in order to enjoy a successful business?
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Undecided 44.23% 48.08% 7.69%

Social Business Finance:


Have you accessed any of the following to finance your social business? (Tick all that apply.)
Response Percent 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Loans Investment Investors Public donations Income from family or friends None Other, please specify: 4.00% 10.00% 4.00% 10.00% 28.00% 34.00% 10.00%

Will you be seeking investment finance for your business in the next two years?
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Undecided 58.82% 25.49% 15.69%

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Will you be seeking finance from a bank (E.g. loan) in the next two years?
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Undecided 24.00% 54.00% 22.00%

Do you feel you have sufficient knowledge and confidence to approach a bank or investor for finance?
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure 47.06% 27.45% 25.49%

Do you agree with the following statement? "Financial institutions use unnecessarily complex terms when communicating with social entrepreneurs."
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Don't know 52.94% 15.69% 31.37%

Do you agree with the following statement? "Social investment financiers should do more to simplify communications and enhance understanding on how to raising finance."
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Undecided 86.27% 5.88% 7.84%

Networking:
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Are you a member of a social enterprise network?


Response Percent 1 2 Yes No 62.75% 37.25%

Do you communicate regularly with other social entrepreneurs in your country?


Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Not applicable 54.90% 35.29% 9.80%

Do you communicate regularly with social entrepreneurs in other countries?


Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Not applicable 41.18% 47.06% 11.76%

Would you see any benefit from being part of an organised network of social entrepreneurs across Asia?
Response Percent 1 2 3 Yes No Unsure 88.24% 1.96% 9.80%

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

About You:
Are you:
Response Percent 1 2 3 Male Female Transgender 50.98% 49.02% 0.00%

Your age:
Response Percent 1 2 3 4 5 6 Under 20 20 30 31 40 41 50 51 60 Over 60 0.00% 27.45% 29.41% 27.45% 11.76% 3.92%

What is the legal status of your business?


Response Response Percent Total 1 2 3 4 For profit Not for profit Both (I.e., has both for profit and not for profit activities) Not applicable 34.62% 25.00% 30.77% 9.62% answered skipped 18 13 16 5 52 -52

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Is the organisation you work for/own:


Response Percent 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Social business for profit Social business not for profit Non-governmental organisation Government Corporation Media N/A Other, please specify: 30.77% 5.77% 21.15% 5.77% 9.62% 0.00% 9.62% 17.31%

If you are a social business/enterprise, what is your approximate annual turnover range, in US Dollars?
Response Percent 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Less than $5,000 $5,000 - $10,000 $10,001 - $25,000 $25,001 - $50, 000 $50,001 - $100,000 $100,000 - $1 million $1 million $5million Above $5 million Not applicable 12.00% 4.00% 8.00% 8.00% 6.00% 10.00% 2.00% 0.00% 50.00%

How many employees does your business have? (Including yourself and any part-time and volunteer staff.)
Response Percent 1 1 1.96%

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

How many employees does your business have? (Including yourself and any part-time and volunteer staff.)
Response Percent 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 25 6 10 11 20 21 50 51 100 100 + Not applicable 29.41% 19.61% 9.80% 7.84% 5.88% 7.84% 17.65%

Do you intend to increase the number of employees in the next 12 months?


Response Percent 1 2 3 4 Yes No/Stay the same Reduce my team Not applicable 52.94% 21.57% 0.00% 25.49%

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.