Você está na página 1de 25

8/18/12

APPLICATIONS OF FUNCTIONAL FINISHES IN TEXTILES AND APPARELS

Click to edit Master subtitle style

8/18/12

` Functional finishes are applied to cover the inherent weaknesses of the fabrics, especially for cotton and polyester.

8/18/12

APPLICATIONS OF FUNCTIONAL FINISHES IN TEXTILES

Click to edit Master subtitle style

8/18/12

POLYESTER

MERITS:

Low cost. Excellent shine and drape . Strength: twice that of cotton. Low deformation: No sags and bends. Excellent crease recovery property. Formal look.

DEMERITS:

Hydrophobic due to low moisture regain. High static charge generated resulting in poor wear comfort. Attracts dust particles and stains. Difficult to clean (Poor soil release). Strong tendency to pill during abrasive wash process. Easily blended with other man made and natural fibers.

8/18/12

INSISTENCE ON VALUE FOR MONEY

Consumer is the king. Value for money concept. Markets looking for constant change in the product mix. The normal life cycle of cotton, which was only up to finished fabric, in the early 1960s, is now extended to branded and specialty products.

8/18/12

FUNCTIONAL FINISHES 1: Encapsulated finishes This absorbs the sweat frequently and while washing it is cleaned and ready for the next action.

8/18/12

2: Smart textiles Smart textiles are materials and structures that are sensitive and react to environmental conditions such as mechanical, electrical, chemical, thermal magnetic or other senses.

8/18/12

3: Anti Static Static electricity also causes fabrics to Cling, when two layers of clothing rub together, causing discomfort.

8/18/12

4: Moisture management It can absorb the water, sweat, etc., from outer source and evaporates the moisture in the atmosphere.

8/18/12

5: Odour free Using different composition of chemicals, nowadays odour free fabrics can be produced.

8/18/12

6: Non Ironing Using strong starches on fabrics we can also produce non- ironing fabrics.

8/18/12

7:Water proof finish These finishes are given to the fabrics to have resistance from water.

8/18/12

8: Softening These finishes are given to the fabrics to make it more softer.

8/18/12

APPLICATIONS OF FUNCTIONAL FINISHES IN APPARELS

Click to edit Master subtitle style

8/18/12

1. Anti microbial Microbes are minute organisms, but can be most dangerous for creating harm to our lifestyle in different ways.

8/18/12

2. Aroma Therapy Fragma series/ Moisturizers/ Essential oils/ blends of various Aromatherapy includes Aloe Vera fragrances like, Musk, Pineapple, Rose, Lavender, Jasmine, Lemon, Peppermint etc., which are applied on the fabric with the help of a binder.

8/18/12

3. Antistatic Finish Static electricity is created when two non-conducting surfaces, such as synthetic textiles, rub together.

8/18/12

4. Hydrophilic finish
After dyeing, the hydrophobic synthetic fibres usually exhibits no absorbency.

8/18/12

5.Flame Retardant Finish Flame retardants are chemicals, which are added to combustible materials to render them more resistant to ignition. They are designed to minimize the risk of a fire starting in case of contact with a small heat source such as cigarette, candle or an electrical fault.

8/18/12

6.UV Protective function performed by garments is to protect the Finish Another important
wearer from harmful rays of sun.

8/18/12

7.Water / oil repellant finish

This finish gives hydrophobic features to the substrate.

8/18/12

By applying resins it is possible to improve specific properties of cellulosic fibres. Examples are the improvement in crease recovery.

8.Wrinkle Free Finishes

8/18/12

CONCLUSION

As with all emerging technologies, a successful future for Functional Finished Textiles will only be achieved through open sharing of ideas and research findings.

Click to edit Master subtitle style

8/18/12

Reference Mark, H.; Wooding, N. S.; Wiley, S. M. Chemical After treatment of Textiles; Wiley: New York, 1971; p 520. Keaschall JL, Laughlin JM, Gold RE., Effect of Laundering Procedures and Functional Finishes on Removal of Insecticides Selected from Three Chemical Classes Jan 1986; p15. Chemical processing of fibers and fabrics functional finishes, Part B, edited by M. Lewin and S. B. Sello, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1984, 515 pp.

8/18/12

THANK YOU

Click to edit Master subtitle style