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Airport Operations

Airport
o o o o

Overview

Layout Lighting Markings Communications

Traffic Pattern Approach Slope Indicators Wind Factors


o Taxiing o Wingtip Vortices

Airport Signs

More Signs

Runways

Runways are named by their orientation relative to Magnetic North Think of a circle divided into 3600
360

270

090

180

Runways

Round the heading to the nearest 10 degrees Eliminate the last zero (and the first zero if heading is between 010 and 090)
18

27

36

Runway Numbers
These will change as magnetic north moves around. ALWAYS check runway numbers with current AFDs. Be sure to have a plan to align with the correct runway. Do a proper airport entry!

Runway Markings

taxiways

Taxiing at new airports


Progressive Taxi Use airport diagrams ahead of time to learn the airport layout. Keep your head up and eyes open..Lookout for traffic at all times, this includes lawnmowers, snowplows, motorcycles..

Airport Beacons
A small star on the sectional indicates a rotating beacon. Civilian land airports white/green Military Airports - green/white/white Heliports - green/yellow/white Water Airports yellow/white

Airport Lighting Control


Airports with operating control towers
o Tower controller can change the setting

Non-towered airports
o Pilot-controlled lighting

Airport Arrival
Always over-fly the field to observe winds, traffic, pattern direction, or any problems with the airport. Enter on a 45 angle to the downwind at TPA. Use the CTAF to alert traffic of your position.

Non-Towered Communications
CTAF Common Traffic Advisory Frequency Many airports share the same frequency For clarification, always say the name of the airport at the beginning and at the end of each transmission

Towered Communication
Outbound
o o o o Clearance Delivery Ground Control Tower Control Departure Control

Inbound
o Approach Control o Tower Control o Ground Control

Words to Use
Standard Phraseology (Pilot/Controller Glossary) Phonetic Alphabet

Visual Approach Slope Indicators


Visual reference to establish appropriate glide path on landing. Not on all runways. Do not become dependent.

2-Bar VASI

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Approach Slope Indicator

Tri-Color VASI

Pulsating VASI

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Wake Turbulence AKA Wing Tip Vortices


Anytime an airplane that is bigger than you, which basically means any airplane, you need to watch out. It can flip a plane over low to the ground making recovery impossible. Stay as far away from big airplanes as you can.

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed