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Milling Machines

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Vertical Milling Machine


Developed in 1860's Combines vertical spindle of drill press with longitudinal and traverse movements of milling machine Milling process may be vertical, horizontal, angular, or helical Can be used for milling, drilling, boring, and reaming Can machine in one, two, or three planes
X, Y, Z
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Vertical Milling Machines


Equipped with variable speed spindles
Permits wide range of speeds

Spindle head housing swiveled as much as 90 degrees right and left, and limited backward and forward for angular operations Longitudinal and crossfeed movements of table operated by hand or automatic feeds
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Variety of Operations
Face milling Gear cutting End milling Drilling Keyway cutting Boring Dovetail cutting Jig boring T-slot and circular slot cutting Many facing operations done with fly tool
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Types of Vertical Milling Machines


Ram-type
Most common Features of horizontal milling machine Cutter spindle mounted in vertical position Spindle head may be swiveled allowing machining of angular surfaces

Types of Vertical Milling Machines


Ram-type

Parts of Ram-Type Mill


Base
Made of cast iron May contain coolant reservoir

Parts of Ram-Type Mill


Column
Machined face provides ways for vertical knee movement Upper part machined to produce turret for overarm mount
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Parts of Ram-Type Mill


Overarm
Round base May be adjusted toward or away from column and rotated Locked into position

Parts of Ram-Type Mill


Head
Attached to end of ram Universal-type machines allow swivel in 2 planes

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Parts of Ram-Type Mill


Motor
Mounted on top of head Provides drive to spindle through V-belt

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Parts of Ram-Type Mill


Spindle speed
Speed changed by variablespeed pulley/crank or by belt changes and reduction gear

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Parts of Ram-Type Mill


Knee
Moves up and down on face of column Supports saddle and table Does not contain gears for automatic feed
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Heavy-Duty Vertical Milling Machine


Used for machining operations that require larger cutters and good rigidity Adapted to operations with both end mills and face mills
Profiling interior and exterior surfaces Milling dies and molds Locating and boring holes in vises and fixtures
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Heavy-Duty Vertical Milling Machine

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Horizontal Boring Mill


The Horizontal Boring Mill (HBM) is classically a large machine. Although small items can be machined on them, they are usually reserved for the large to very large workpieces.
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Typical Boring Mill Operation

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Typical Boring Mill Operation

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