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(AWD-Femto)Interference Avoidance and Interference Mitigation

IEEE 802.16 Presentation Submission Template (Rev. 9) Document Number: IEEE C802.16m-09/1324 Date Submitted: 2009-07-06 Source: Whai-En Chen, Shih-Yuan Cheng National Ilan University Shiann-Tsong Sheu, Chih-Cheng Yang National Central University Kanchei (Ken) Loa, Chun-Yen Hsu, Yung-Ting Lee, Tsung-Yu Tsai, Chiu-Wen Chen Institute for Information Industry Yang-Han Lee, Yih Guang Jan Tamkang University *<http://standards.ieee.org/faqs/affiliationFAQ.html> Re: 802.16m Amendment Working Document Call for contributions on Support for Femtocell BS Base Contribution: IEEE 802.16m-09/0010r2 Purpose: To be discussed and adopted by TGm for the 802.16m Amendment. Notice:

wechen@niu.edu.tw jasonyyy@gmail.com loa@iii.org.tw

This document does not represent the agreed views of the IEEE 802.16 Working Group or any of its subgroups. It represents only the views of the participants listed in the Source(s) field above. It is offered as a basis for discussion. It is not binding on the contributor(s), who reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein.

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Features of Femtocell
Operates in the licensed spectrum Uses fixed broadband connection for backhaul It is managed by the NAP The backhaul service provider may be different from NAP/NSP Principally intended for home and SOHO Lower cost than PicoBS Smaller coverage (low power) than PicoBS Smaller number of subscriber (ten or less) than PicoBS Higher density
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Deployment
Irregular deployment will incur inevitable interference

FC
FC FC FC FC FC FC MC : Macro Cell FC : Femto Cell MC 1 FC FC FC FC FC FC FC FC

FC FC FC FC MC 2 FC FC FC FC FC

Interference Cases
Case I
1. FC is covered by one MC 2. FC is covered by two or more MCs

Case II
1. FC is covered by another neighboring FC 2. FC is covered by two or more neighboring FCs

Interference cases
FC

One MC
I-1

Two or more MCs


I-2

One FC
II-1

Two or mode MCs


II-2

Interference Conditions
DL interference
MS is affected by Macro/Femto BSs if it locates in the area covered by Macro/Femto BSs

UL interference
Femtocell may be affected by the neighboring MS(s) which associates with different Macro/Femto BS(s)

In order to find out the DL interference situation, MS needs to report the scan result to which it is associated. In order to find out the UL interference situation, BSs should exchange the scan reports.
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Network Topology
Possible Association target MS1 MS2 MS3 MS4 MS5 MS6 MS7 MS8 BS FC1 BS/FC2 BS/FC3 BS/FC3/FC5 FC1/FC4 FC5/FC6 FC7
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MS1

MS2 MS6

FC2 FC7
MS3

FC1 FC4

MS4 MS8

BS

FC5

FC6

FC3
MS5

MS7

DL Interference Cases
Possible interference DL
MS2 MS6

MS1
MS2 MS3 MS4 MS5 MS6 MS7

X
X (FC2/BS) (BS/FC3) (BS/FC3/FC5) (FC1/FC4) (FC5/FC6)
MS8

MS1

FC2 FC7
MS3

FC1 FC4

MS4

BS

FC5

FC6

MS8

FC3
MS5

MS7

():depends on the association target


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Interference Minimization
Recommended Association target MS1 MS2 BS FC1 FC2 FC7
MS3
MS1 MS2 MS6

MS3
MS4 MS5 MS6 MS7

BS
BS (BS/FC3/FC5) FC1 FC5
MS8

FC1 FC4

MS4

BS

FC5

FC6

FC3
MS5

MS7

MS8

FC7

Interference resolution (w/o system coordination)


Recommended Association target MS1 MS2 MS3 MS4 MS5 MS6 MS7 MS8 BS FC1 BS BS BS/FC3/FC5 FC1 FC5 FC7 interference DL

MS1 MS2
MS3 MS4 MS5 MS6 MS7 MS8

X X
X X (BS/FC3/FC5) X X X
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Most of cases could be solved except MS5.

Interference Mitigation
As an MS locates in the coverage areas of two or more femtocells, the UL/DL interference will incurs. We propose some approaches to solve interferences occur on MS2 for the same channel
FDM approach, which allocates different frequency bands to FCa and FCb TDM approach, which coordinates the FCa and FCb to serve MS2 Control the DL power level of FCa or FCb to reduce the DL interference

MS1

FCa

MS2

FCb

MS3
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Proposed Text
[Add the following section 15.x.y Interference Avoidance and Interference Mitigation]

15.x.y Interference Avoidance and Interference Mitigation Alternatively, the interference between Femtocells and/or macro cells can be mitigated by static or semi-static radio resource reservation and resource sharing using FDM and/or TDM and/or DL fractional channel power control of BSs manner.

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