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Motivation

What is Motivation ?
Motivation is the driving force which causes us to achieve goals. Motivation may be rooted to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure.

Types of Motivation
Intrinsic Extrinsic Positive Negative

Intrinsic & Extrinsic


Intrinsic motivation is when you want to do something by yourself. Extrinsic motivation is when somebody else tries to make you do something.

Positive & Negative


Positive motivation is when you want to get something - motivation towards some goal. Negative motivation is moving away from something you want to avoid.

Overview

Drawbacks of extrinsic motivation


Its not sustainable - As soon as you withdraw the punishment or reward, the motivation disappears. You get diminishing returns - If the punishment or rewards stay at the same levels, motivation slowly drops off. To get the same motivation next time requires a bigger reward. It hurts intrinsic motivation - Punishing or rewarding people for doing something removes their own innate desire to do it on their own. From now on you must punish/reward every time to get them to do it."

Factors that promote intrinsic motivation


Challenge - Being able to challenge yourself and accomplish new tasks. Control - Having choice over what you do. Cooperation - Being able to work with and help others. Recognition - Getting meaningful, positive recognition for your work.

How to Motivate a Student ?


Motivating students is a challenge all teachers face. Since every classroom consists of a wide array of students, each student brings with them different student learning styles, different interests, and different life experiences that make each classroom unique and special. One excellent way to start is by having strong classroom management skills

Each Student is different and requires a different motivation. What works for one student may or may not work for the rest of our class. Finding what motivates each student will help increase student achievement. Here are some teaching ideas for how to motivate students:

Expectations:

Teachers should set reasonable objectives for every lesson that allow their students to progress in the classroom. Expect students to achieve the objectives, and they will. Motivate students by showing them that they can be successful in the classroom. Teachers can differentiate instruction to meet the students' needs by adjusting the corresponding class work to the appropriate levels.

Success:

Class work can be modified in a variety of ways: shortened assignments, extra response time, or enrichment activities.

Relevance:
Show students how what they are learning
matters in real life. This is one of the most effective motivation techniques, especially for older students, as it gives them meaning and purpose for their hard work. Guide students to discuss the new material, and allow students to draw on their own experiences to learn and understand the new material.

Engaging Questions:

Lead in with questions that will get the students talking. Encourage students to discuss the topic by bringing what they know about the topic to the classroom discussion. Clarify any questions that arise by encouraging the students to talk to each other first and expand on their pre-existing knowledge.

Incorporate different learning styles:


Use a variety of teaching strategies in the classroom to facilitate the lesson. Classroom discussions consist of whole group learning. Cooperative group learning allows students to work together on assignments in small groups. Direct instruction allows teachers to model lesson assignments first so students can work independently at their desks.

Staff Motivation
Motivating, Satisfying, and Leading Employees. Get their inputs:
Round tables at staff meatings. Surveys as they needed. Department meetings as regular, weekly or monthly basis.

staff social events:


Conducting Tech-fest once in an year Conducting cultural events

Annual staff evaluations:


encouraging employee participation, and
providing feedback, including praise.

Job satisfaction