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WILDLIFE CONSERVATION

WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
DEFINED
Wildlife protection act started in 1972 Wildlife conservation is the protection of species and habitats of animals. The banning of hunting seasons for endangered or threatened species.

Bio Diversity of India

Wildlife of India is a mix of species of diverse origins.

India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal species. Home to about 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of avian, 6.2% of reptilian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species. Tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and Northeast India, coniferous forest of the Himalaya. dry deciduous forest of central and southern India.

Importance of Wild life conservation


Beauty Economic value - Timber , fur, tusk, ivory, leather, honey etc Scientific value
Gene pool for the scientists to carry breeding programmers in agriculture, animal husbandry and fishery

Maintain Ecological Balance

CAUSES OF WILDLIFE DESTRUCTION


Human Nature

Source : Wildlife protection society of India

Habitat Loss
Second most critical factor in species extinction.

There now 20% less forest cover than existed 300 years ago

Poaching and hunting


Another major cause of animal species extinction. Poaching and illegal trade in animals are US$2 billion to $3 billion

National and International Wildlife Trade


Pet Trade Fur Trade Meat Trade Body Parts Trade

Habitat Loss and Fragmentation


Extensive human demand resulted into Habitat Loss. Rainforests are the main habitats Tropical rainforests are cleared for wood / timber resources development of petroleum resources mineral resources for cash-crop plantations and subsistence farming

Some Other Causes


Climate change / Global warming Pollution Introduced (Invasive) Species Farmer / Rancher Shootings

Effects of Wild Life Depletion


1) Unbalance Food chain and Ecosystem

2) Reduction in rare Wild Animals

3) Danger to Human Life

4) Impact on Biodiversity

5) Loss of economic value

6) Loss genetic information

The natural wealth of the India


Unique, mysterious and fascinating for nature lovers. In Indian philosophy, life in any form is deemed pure and it is advocated that compassion for all living creatures is essential. The tree has held a vital place in religious tradition, symbolizing the myth of creation. The Agni Purana reveals that the conservation rite becomes a soul-saving deed and that trees are objects of respect. The rich and fascinating variety of India's wildlife can be seen in the 80 national parks, 440 sanctuaries and 23 tiger reserves established by the Government of India. India harbors 60% of the world's wild tiger population, 50% of Asian elephants, 80% of the one-horned rhinoceros and the entire remaining population of the Asiatic lion.

Wildlife of India (past)


There were More than 500 species of mammals 1,220 species of birds 1, 600 species of reptiles and amphibians 57,000 species of insects

WILDLIFE OF INDIA (TODAY)


The flora and fauna of wild species today is declining rapidly in India Possible extinction is a possibility for over 77 mammals, 72 bird species, 17 reptile species, 3 amphibian species Large amount of butterflies and beetles which are considered to be endangered. Rapid growth in industrialization has hampered the ecosystem and had badly affected the wild animals Wildlife of India is on the mercy of human beings as the mortality rate of animals is increasing due to hunting and poaching.

ENDANGERED SPECIES OF animals

MAJESTIC ELEPHANTS THE INDIAN BISON

HISPID HARE

SNOW LEOPARD

SWAMP DEER

BLUE WHALE

DESERT CAT

LEAF MONKEY

ENDANGERED SPECIES OF plants

BAOBAB

BERBERIS

DECALEPIS HAMILTONII

PTEROCARPUS SANTALINUS

CYCAS BEDDOMEI

RED SANDALWOOD

Wildlife destructions in India


Over exploitation of forest.
Encroachment of villagers on forest land. Local hunting and poaching by villagers.

Nature against nature.


Global warming(30% of all species might vanish in coming decade). Natural calamities like Floods, Earthquakes, wildfires ,etc.

Population Explosion
Overcrowding is one of the major reasons for the depleting population of wild animals in India. Growth in vehicle pollution. Releasing of chemicals and other toxic effluents into the water bodies has led to poisoning of the water.

Role of Citizens
Un healthy relations of Govt. and local population. Corrupt forrest officials.

Govt role in conservation of wildlife


Wildlife protection act 1972. Forest protection act 1980-88. Anti poaching agencies
State wildlife dept State forest dept Ministry of environment and forest Army (IF APPLICABLE) Police Border security force Coast guards

Wildlife conservation society. Project tiger 1972-73

PROJECT TIGER
Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation movement initiated in India in 1972 .

The project aims at tiger conservation in specially constituted tiger reserves throughout India.

Creation of wildlife sanctuaries and reserves with mandatory fencing. Special task force be prepared for preservation of this supreme predator.

Dept. be provided with additional personal and wireless equipment with an immediate effect. Rehabilitation of locals done outside the reserve forest with immediate effect.

Recommendations
Conservation laws for wildlife/forest practiced properly

Strict actions against the one who do not abide laws.


Ban on industrial activities besides forest reserve.

Initiatives should be taken by govt. for creating the


awareness amongst the people.

Care should be taken at personal level.

conclusion

Forests and wildlife are the renewable natural resource.

If all the planned initiatives are effectively implemented, in a few decades the flora and the fauna will start flourishing.

Thank You!