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Adverbs

Adverbs modify verbs adjectives other adverbs quantifiers and whole sentences

They answer the questions How? When? Where? How often? How sure?

Adverbs that modify verbs can go in several different places in a sentence. At the beginning At the end After the helping verb

Adverbs that modify adjectives and other adverbs go directly before the words they modify.

She is always late.

Add ly to adjectives to form many adverbs. Quick quickly careful carefully nice nicely easy - easily

Children learn new languages easily.

He speaks English very well.

Many adverbs do not end in ly.


Fast Here Late Often Now There Sometimes Today Upstairs Downstairs Very Well Yesterday Inside Outside Always

Adverbs of time adverbs of manner adverbs of frequency adverbs of possibility

Adverbs of manner tell how something happens.

Fast, slowly well, badly carefully patiently right

Position of adverbs of manner:


After the main verb when there is no object. After the verb + object

I speak slowly.
I read the article slowly

Many adverbs of manner are formed from adjectives + ly

Adjectives that end in y drop the -y and add ily


Adjectives that end in ic or ical add -ally

Irregular forms of adverbs and adjectives:


Fast Hard Right Wrong Loud Long Friendly, lively, lovely, lonely Good, well

Adverbs of place tell where something is or where it happens. (location). They also express where something or someone is going (direction). Here, there, up, down, in, out, inside, together, back, away

Position of adverb of place:


After the main verb when there is no object, or after verb + object Direction adverbs always come after a pronoun object

We left her here. We took the children back


We gave back the money. We took it back.

Adverbs of time tell when something happens.

Yesterday, tomorrow, afterwards, now, early, late, then

Position of adverbs of time.


At the beginning or at the end of the clause Early and late go at the end

Yesterday, I took the children to the movies.


I took the children to the movies yesterday. I went home early. She came late.

Adverbs of frequency tell how often something happens always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, never

Position of adverbs of frequency


After the subject and be. Before other main verbs

She is always hungry. She always comes late.

Adverbs of possibility tell how sure we are about something

certainly, definitely, probably, perhaps, maybe, possibly

Position of adverbs of possibility


Perhaps and maybe are at the beginning of the sentence The others go after the subject and be but before other main verbs

Perhaps we should eat in the cafeteria today. I certainly want you in the next class.

Adverbs of degree make the word they modify stronger or weaker.

Extremely, too, very, so, really, quite, enough, almost, hardly

Position of adverbs of degree


Before the word they modify Enough comes after the word it modifies

They are also called intensifiers. They modify verbs, adjectives, other adverbs and quantifiers.

You work too hard. I dont eat very much. You almost failed the exam. You dont sleep enough She doesnt try hard enough.

Hard and Hardly

He works hard. He is a hard worker. He hardly works.

Enough (quantifier) I have enough money to live comfortably. It comes before the noun Enough (intensifier) You arent eating enough. It comes after the noun it modifies.

So and Such

She is so nice. She is such a nice girl.

The end!