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RAHMAN TALIB REPORT(1960) EDUCATION ACT (1961)

HUSSEIN ONN REPORT(1971)

MAHATHIR REPORT (1979)

First report ever achieved after Malayas independence. Headed by Abdul Rahman Talib Main goal:
Review the implementation of the National Education Policy contained in the Razak Report(1956) Improve the education system in the Federation of Malaya
all primary schools using the mother tongue language be abolished and replaced with national and national-type schools for the purpose of national unity.

Free primary school education. Automatic promotion until Form Three. Introduction of Standard Five assessment examination. Emphasis on Moral education. Enhancement on technical and vocational education. Teaching of Islamic education(pre-requisite at least 15 pupil) Monitoring of Primary Schools by School Inspectorate to ensure teaching quality Emphasis on teacher training program.

Also..
Malay language as the main medium of instruction in schools, besides pre-requisite for potential students entering secondary schools and teacher training college. Incentives were also given to those excelled in Malay language.

3. The Federal education policy aims to establish a national system of education to promote the cultural , economical and political advancement in this country, besides making the Malay language the national language

Aspect
Level of Education

Elaboration
Made up of: i) primary school education ii) lower secondary school education iii) upper secondary school education iv) education in other educational institution

Primary Education i) compulsory for all children of school going age ii) free for all iii) offered in national schools and national-type schools

Secondary Education

Offered in the types of schools i) normal lower secondary ii) normal upper secondary iii) trade iv) technical v) vocational vi) secondary (approval from MOE)

Islamic Education

i) Only offered if more than 15 Muslim pupils ii) Taught by t rained Agama teachers iii) Two periods a week during school hours

AIM: To provide a basic education for all children of school going age. The medium of instruction are Malay and English language as a second language.

Nevertheless,the status of English as a second language is still maintain by rationale. The time allocation for teaching of English language is also to be increased and teachers given the necessary training in order to produce good results, with English language still remain a second language in schools.

AIM: To review the goals and effectiveness of the present education system . To ensure the education system meets the countrys goals of producing a united disciplined and skilled society.

Focus on three basic skills i.e. reading, writing and arithmetic Teaching of English as second language Emphasis on sound spiritual education and other disciplines appropriate Secondary education divided into two st reams i.e. academic and vocational Extension of educational opportunities from 9 to 11 years Emphasis on curriculum ala Malaysia Review of Bahasa Malaysia in-service courses

Year 1960

Education Report/Act/Policy Rahman Talib Report

Brief Description
i) Malay Language as main medium of instruction ii) Free secondary school education iii) Establishment of technical and vocational schools iv) Emphasis on religious and moral education

1961 1963 1963-74 1976 1979

Education Act National Language Act Rukunegara and New Economic Policy (NEP) Education Act 1961 Mahathir Report

Rahman Talib Report gazzetted as Education Act 1961


Recognition given to Bahasa Malaysia as the official language and medium of inst ruction for all level of schooling

Equal educational opportunities for both and rural areas Enforcement of Act in Sabah and Sarawak
i) Emphasis on national unity ii) Focus on skilled human resources for the country progress and development iii) Democratization of education iv) Establishment of a moral and disciplined Malaysia society