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ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY (PKB3105)

Topic 1: Understanding Languag


Present by: Nur Azryn Binti Mohd Dahalan Amirul Firdaus Bin Kamaruddin Lecturers name: Encik Azmi Bin Abu Bakar

Students Profile
NAME: NUR AZRYN BINTI MOHD DAHALAN ID NUMBERS: 920930125232 EMAIL ADDRESS: azryndahalan@gmail.com phone number: 0165001247

NAME: AMIRUL FIRDAUS BIN KAMARUDDIN ID NUMBERS: 920913115139 EMAIL ADDRESS: oltroman_max@yahoo.com phone number: 0145164439

Definition and concept of language

Definition of language
A country
- The system of communication in speech and writing that is used by people of a particular country or area

Communication - The use by humans of a system of sounds and words to communicate

Movement/ symbols/ sound - A way of expressing ideas and feelings using movements, symbols and sound

Conclusion : Language is the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way

Concepts of language
According to Bloch and Trager (1942), language is defined as a system of vocal symbols used by humans to communicate. The process is applicable if the speakers and listeners communicate each others.

According G.Trager (1949), ( Hajar Abdul Aziz, 2008, pg. 52), language is a system of arbitrary vocal symbol that used by the members of society to communicate each others

The Communication Process

COMMUNICATION

Communication is from the Latin word "communis",which means to share. Communication is the process of sending and receiving information among people through the exchange of thoughts, messages, or information.

Requires a sender, a message, and a recipient.

Can occur across vast distances in time and space.

u m n m o i o t C
Communication requires that the communicating parties share an area of communicative commonality.

The communication process is complete once the receiver has understood the message of the sender.

i n

a c

Source: http://wikipedia.com.

The most common ways to communicate

Speaking

Writing

Body language

Visual images

The message in communication come in two form:

Verbal

Non verbal

Verbal
Oral Communication Visual Communication Written Communication
Can be either via email, letter, message.
Can either be face-to-face communication, a conversation over the phone or on the voice chat over the Internet. Spoken conversations or dialogs are influenced by voice modulation, pitch, volume and even the speed and clarity of speaking.

Signboard , images to send message.

The effectiveness of written communication depends on the style of writing, vocabulary used, grammar, clarity and precision of language.

Examples of Visual Communication

What is the message that the dog try to tell its master?

Advantages & Disadvantages


Oral Communication
Advantages: 1. Brings quick feedback. 2. One can guess whether he/she should trust whats being said or not by reading facial expression. . Disadvantages: 1. In face-to-face discussion, user is unable to deeply think about what he is delivering.
1. 2.

Written Communication
1. Advantages: Messages can be edited and revised many time before it is actually sent.

2. A written message enables receiver to fully understand it and send appropriate feedback. . Disadvantages: Written communication doesnt bring instant feedback. Take more time to compose a feedback.

Non verbal
Communication other than oral and written, such as gesture, body language, posture, tone of voice or facial expressions. Nonverbal communication is all about the body language of speaker.

Non verbal
Consist of three elements: 1. Appearance Speaker: clothing, hairstyle, neatness, use of cosmetics Surrounding: room size, lighting, decorations, furnishings facial expressions, gestures, postures 3. Sounds Voice Tone, Volume, Speech rate

2. Body Language

COMMUNICATION EXERCISES
Greeting and introducing people

Good morning

Good afternoon

Good evening Good Night

How are you?

Im fine, thank you.

What is your name?

My name is Peter.

How old are you?

Im 9 years old.

Good Bye

The End.

Terms definition:
Gestures: Body language: Posture: