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Argumentative Essay

Arguing - the Silent Way

DEFINITION
Agree/disagree Use reasons/evidence for support Goal: convince readers Discuss other sides reasons and

rebut them (to consider all sides/views of the issue at hand) Organization: Block Pattern Point-by-Point Pattern

EXAMPLES
Abortion Gay marriage Homework Legal age for marriage Mobile phones in school

BLOCK PATTERN
Introduction (explanation + TS) Body Block 1 (opposition summary +

rebuttal) Block 2 (your arguments)


Conclusion

POINT-BY-POINT PATTERN
Introduction (explanation + opposition

summary + TS) Body Opposition 1st argument rebuttal Opposition 2nd argument rebuttal Opposition 3rd argument rebuttal Conclusion (summary of your POV)

KEY ELEMENTS
An explanation of the issue A clear TS A summary of the opposing

arguments Rebuttal to the opposing arguments Your own arguments

INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH
Necessary: contains an explanation of

the issue

To attract attention: surprising statistics, dramatic story, interesting example

2nd introductory paragraph for explanation and TS

THESIS STATEMENT
States clearly which side you are on 2 parts
Subordinate structure: opposing point

of view Main (independent clause): your opinion


Example:
Despite school authorities and parents

who are against the idea of students bringing their mobile phones to school,

To introduce opposing POV:

Many think that


Some people feel that

It may be true that


Despite the claim that Although the survey shows that To connect the opposing POV to your

own opinion Use transition signals of CONTRAST However, even though, in spite of the fact, whereas

REVIEW
Persuade the reader about a

controversial topic 5 elements Explanation Thesis statement Opposition summary Rebuttals Own arguments Block pattern or point-by-point pattern

THE END
Thank you