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THE RISE OF THE SERBIAN MEDIEVAL STATE

Sopoani monastery, founded by King Uros

www.casistorije.tk

Are the heirs of Stefan The first-crowned saved or dispersed inherited state? The story goes like this:
- Stefan The first-crowned have inherited sons Radoslav, Vladislav and Uros. King Radoslav and Vladislav havnt left a significant mark in history, and they only made an effort to preserve what they have inherited. Vladislav emphasizes endowment Mileseva monastery, where he painted the famous fresco of White Angel. - Since 1243. until 1276. state ruled by The King Uros I. He is not remembered as a great conqueror, but the most famous are the foundation of Sopocani monastery. However, he did something that allowed the heirs to be remembered as a great ruler. So what he did if not won?

- In order for a country could successfully wage war, it is necessary to economic stability, a powerful military and strong position of rulers. Firm position the ruler, needs the money and loyal army. This is where the Uros I act. For his long reign, Uros activated serbian mines. He urged the famous medieval miners Saxons, who started to mine gold and silver ore. Right next to mine were coined money and income was collected by ruler, which enabled a continuous cash flow. Around the mines and coinage were gathering merchants and craftsmen, which led to the emergence of cities, which in turn developed commerce and crafts, and hence the economy based on currency. But money is not the only influence on the country's economy. The money, that is collected by monarch, allowed him to hire a loyal army, and thus become less dependent on the military of feudal lords, and therefore strengthen the position of monarch. All of the above is enabled to Uros I heirs to initiate the great conquering campaign by Byzantine Empire in the years to come.

Fresko of White Angel Mileseva monestery

- Uro I was succeeded by his son Dragutin from 1276.to 1282. After injury in the hunt 1282, he left to brother Milutin the southern region of Serbia, and he ruled the larger northern part till 1316. During this period, he became vassal of Hungary king, and for the faithful service he receives Belgrade town (Belgrade for the first time Serbian ruler run) and became known as the "King of Srem."
- King Milutin was ruled from 1282. to 1321. He is one of the most important Serbian medieval rulers. Not only is occupied Byzantine territory, but is known as a great benefactor (monasteries Gracanica, Banjska, Our Lady of Ljevi,...). What he won from the Byzantines in Macedonia, his Tzar was admitted as a dowry when took a five-year old princess Simonides, for his wife.

King Dragutin the Monastery of St.Achilles and King Milutin and Gracanica

- The story goes that Dragutin and Milutin been in conflict for power and territory, and that they continued their followers. Then, serbian land Hum (Zahumlje) was conquered by Bosnian ruler.
- However, in this struggle is said Stefan, Milutins son (known for its endowment Decani monastery). He ruled over Serbia from 1321-1331. During his reign, the Byzantine and the Bulgarian Tsar came together to end Serbian domination in the Balkan peninsula. Because Stefan runs the army against Bulgarian Tsar and wins the battle of Velbuzd 1330th, which the Byzantine Emperor forced to retreat. This victory showed domination of Serbia in this part of Europe, but it was the cause of violent descent of the government of King Stefan of Decani. Because Stefan has not used the victory to extend Serbian lands, serbian feudal lords rebelled against him, led by his son Dusan.

- We should not forget the relationship between the rulers and the church, which is a huge contribution to the stability of the monarch position. Large grants and building to the church, it returned through the establishment of the cult of Stefan Nemanja, the cult of St. Save and the cult of sacrosanct dynasty. Nevertheless, Serbian church has proclaimed Nemanjic rulers for saints.

Graanica monastery Foundation of king Milutin (Serbian territory of Kosovo)

Stefan of Decani, and his foundation monastery Decani (Serbian territory of Kosovo)

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