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WORKOVER QUICKGUIDE

WORKOVER - Why is it necessary?

TO MAINTAIN THE WELLS IN OPTIMUM PRODUCING CONDITIONS. SOLVING SPECIFIC WELL AND RESERVOIR PROBLEMS

TYPES OF WORKOVER JOBS


OIL WINNING Live condition Perforations Plug-back and complete in higher-up Sand Isolate the higher up sand and complete in lower sand

Re-completion in the same sand viz. fish recovery, providing of artificial lift assistance etc.
Isolation repair. Water shut-off. Acid jobs. NON-OIL WINNING Conversion/recompletion to water disposal well / water injection well Recording PLT, RST etc. Completion/recompletion of gas wells Acid jobs .

UNSCHEDULED JOBS
Well killing / well - head repair etc.

OIL WINNING JOBS


Live Condition perforation: To perforate the well, while on production or any sand is open/ in-communication with the well bore.

Plug back and complete in higher up sand:To plug back the existing sand by setting a Bridge Plug and perforate another sand at the higher position.
Isolating the existing sand: To complete the well in lower sand after isolating the existing higher up sand with the help of packers . Re-completion in the same sand: To complete the well in same sand after recovering fish (if any)/ sand cleaning/ providing artificial lift assistance in view of low FTHP / redesigned gas lift valve etc.

Isolation repair : To repair the zone by squeezing cement slurry behind production casing to plug the channels, vugs formed due to bad cementing or the deteriorated cementing either during the casing cementation or during the course of production to isolate the water zones.
Water shut-off : To inject chemical to the producing perforation to prevent the water to get produce and thereby allowing the oil to flow freely to the well bore.

NON-OIL WINNING JOBS


Water disposal well: To convert a well into WDW, for the disposal of the produced formation water. Water injection well: To convert a well into WI, to inject water back into the formation to maintain the reservoir pressure in a depleted reservoir. Recording PLT, RMT etc: These are some specialised surveys, carried out to know about the fluid contribution from different zones, detecting the leaky BP (PLT) or to know about the hydrocarbon saturation in the formation (RMT). Completion of gas wells / acid jobs: To complete a well as a gas producing well. Carrying out acid job to improve production behaviour or to improve the injectivity of the sand. Bottom Tagging: To check the clearance inside the well bore. To check the clearance of perforations.

UNSCHEDULED JOBS
Well killing : To kill the well in view of safety and

environment considerations. Well - head repair: Repairing of non-working/ damaged well head due to operational problems or miscreants activities.

Seismic Survey - Most useful method in petroleum industry to identify these traps

Mapping: Interpretation of seismic data by exploration geo-scientists, prepare sub-surface maps & propose locations for drilling
Drilling of well- Flush sample logs - Lithology, Gas reading, Fluorescence Wireline Logging - Open Hole(OH) Logs Resistivity logs Porosity & Density Logs Side-wall coring Sonic Logs - Cased Hole(CH) Logs - CBL-VDL-GR-CCL

- Perforation/ BP
- PLT/ CAST-V/ PET

WELL SELECTION
DATA REQUIRED: PRODUCTION DATA

- Production history of the well .


- Present Production rate with details viz. bean size, GOR, THP, etc. (If producing). - Last production rate with details (if Shut-in) - Neighbouring wells production behaviour - Cumulative production from the well

COMPLETION DATA
- Perforation ranges, perforation plots - Casing size, weight, & grade

- Tubing size, grade


- Packer details, BP, GLVs etc. DRILLING DATA - Type & period of mud exposed, salinity w.r.t formation fluid - Cement setting period - Deviation details, if any - Drilling Events

GEOLOGICAL DATA
GEOLOGICAL DATA - Structural position of the well (updip/ downdip)
- Maps viz, structure contour maps, isopays, porosity maps - Log Characteristics - Side wall core data, Drill cutting evidences, Gas reading data during drilling - Pay thickness - Correlation with the Neighbouring wells

Reservoir Engineering Data - Oil-in-place(OIP), - Recovery Factor(RF), - Gross ultimate Recovery(GUR) - Reservoir pressure (SBHP)

- permeability, saturation etc.


- Reservoir drive mechanism.

- Presence of associated gas, if any.

MAPS/ PLOTS REQUIRED


1 - STRUCTURAL MAP
2 - OIL/ GAS ISOPAY MAP

3 - PERFORATION PLOT
4 - WELL PERFORMANCE PLOT

5 - POOL PERFORMANCE PLOT