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LTE-TDD System Overview

www.huawei.com

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1. Network Architecture 2. LTE Key Technology 3. LTE Air Interface 4. Technical Comparison Between LTE-TDD and LTE-FDD

5. LTE Deployment

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

Contents
1. Network Architecture 2. LTE Key Technology 3. LTE Air Interface 4. Technical Comparison Between LTE-TDD and LTE-FDD

5. LTE Deployment

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1 Network Architecture 1.1 Evolution of Cellular Networks 1.2 3GPP Releases 1.3 E-UTRAN Network Architecture and protocol structure

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Evolution of Cellular Networks

1G (First Generation)

2G (Second Generation)

3G (Third Generation)

4G (Fourth Generation)

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

First Generation Mobile Systems


AMPS (Advanced Mobile Telephone System) TACS (Total Access Communications System) ETACS (Extended Total Access Communications System)

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Page6

Second Generation Mobile Systems


2G (Second Generation)

GSM

Other

cdmaOne (IS-95)

D-AM PS (IS-136)

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Page7

2.5G and 2.75G GSM/GPRS Systems


System 2G GSM 2.5G GPRS 2.75G EDGE Service Circuit Switched Data Service Packet Switched Data Packet Switched Data Theoretical Data Rate 9.6kbit/s or 14.4kbit/s 171.2kbit/s 473.6kbit/s Typical Data Rate 9.6kbit/s or 14.4kbit/s 4kbit/s to 50kbit/s 120kbit/s

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page8

Third Generation Mobile Systems


3G (Third Generation)

UM TS W-CDM A

Other

UM TS TD-CDM A

CDM A2000

TD-SCDM A

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Page9

Fourth Generation Mobile Systems


Key IMT Advanced Features A high degree of commonality of functionality worldwide while retaining the flexibility to support a wide range of services and applications in a cost efficient manner. Compatibility of services within IMT and with fixed networks. Capability of interworking with other radio access systems. High quality mobile services. User equipment suitable for worldwide use. User-friendly applications, services and equipment. Worldwide roaming capability. Enhanced peak data rates to support advanced services and applications (100Mbit/s for high and 1Gbit/s for low mobility were identified as targets).

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Fourth Generation Mobile Systems


4G (Fourth Generation)

LTE Advanced

UM B (EV-DO Rev C)

WiM AX 802.16m

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1 Network Architecture 1.1 Evolution of Cellular Networks 1.2 3GPP Releases 1.3 E-UTRAN Network Architecture and protocol structure

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

3GPP Releases
Phase 2+ (Release 97) GPRS 171.2kbit/s
Release 99 UMTS 2Mbit/s Release 6 HSUPA 5.76Mbit/s Release 8 LTE +300Mbit/s

Release 9/10 LTE Advanced

GSM 9.6kbit/s Phase 1

EDGE 473.6kbit/s Release 99

HSDPA 14.4Mbit/s Release 5

HSPA+ 28.8Mbit/s 42Mbit/s Release 7/8

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

LTE Protocol Roadmap


SAE Rel 8 (Approval) SAE Rel 8 (Functionally Freezing) SAE Rel 8 Enhancement and Improvement

LTE Rel8 (Approval)

LTE Rel8 (Functionally Freezing )

LTE Rel8 (Enhancement and Improvement )

2008

2009

2010

3GPP Rel8 was functional freezing in March 2009 LTE FDD and LTE TDD keep the same schedule

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Page16

LTE Evolution
WCDMA HSDPA

HSDPA HSUPA

HSPA+
LTE FDD

GSM EDGE

GSM GERAN TD-HSPA+

LTE Advanced
LTE TDD1

TD-SCDMA

TD-HSDPA

TD-HSUPA

LTE TDD
LTE TDD2

cdma2000 1x

EV-DO Rel. 0

D0 Rel. A

Do Rev B (Multi Carrier DO)

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page17

Contents
1 Network Architecture 1.1 Evolution of Cellular Networks 1.2 3GPP Releases 1.3 E-UTRAN Network Architecture and protocol structure

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

LTE/SAE Architecture
SAE
SGSN
Gb

EPS (Evolved Packet System)


Control plane User plane

GPRS

BTS

BSC/PCU

Iu S3 S6d S6a

HSS

PCRF
S9

S10

UMTS

NodeB

RNC
S1-MME

MME
S12 S11

S4 Gx S5/8

Operator Service Network

E-UTRAN

S1-U

SGi

Internet

eNodeB
A10/A11

Serving GW
S2b

PDN GW

cdma2000

BTS
BSC
PDSN

Corporate Internet

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Page19

E-UTRAN Interfaces and Protocols


E-UTRAN Uu S1-MME S1-MME S1-U MME EPC

eNB

X2

S1-U
eNB

S-GW

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Uu Interface
Uu UE eNB

User Plane IP PDCP RLC MAC PHY

Control Plane RRC PDCP RLC MAC PHY

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

X2 Interface
X2 eNB eNB

Control Plane X2AP SCTP IP Layer 2 Layer 1

User Plane GTP-U UDP IP Layer 2 Layer 1

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

S1 Interface
S1-MME eNB Control Plane S1AP SCTP IP Layer 2 Layer 1 MME

S1-U eNB User Plane GTP-U UDP IP Layer 2 Layer 1 S-GW

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Questions

Which release of the 3GPP specifications includes the initial release of LTE?
a. Release 6. b. Release 7. c. Release 8. d. Release 9.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Questions

Which network elements form part of the E-UTRAN?


a. UE. b. eNB. c. MME. d. S-GW. e. PDN-GW. f. HSS.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Questions

Which interface links the eNB to the MME?


a. Uu. b. S1. c. X2 d. S5.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1. Network Architecture 2. LTE Key Technology 3. LTE Air Interface 4. Technical Comparison Between LTE-TDD and LTE-FDD

5. LTE Deployment

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
2 LTE Key Technology 2.1 Downlink OFDMA 2.2 Uplink SC_FDMA 2.3 MIMO

2.4 Higher-Order Modulation


2.5 HARQ 2.6 SON

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page30

Frequency Division Multiplexing


Guard Band Subcarrier

Frequency Channel Bandwidth

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Page31

OFDM Subcarriers
Orthogonal Subcarriers
Centre Subcarrier Not Orthogonal

Frequency Channel Bandwidth

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Page32

Inverse Fast Fourier Transform


Subcarrier Modulation

Inverse Fast Fourier Transform

Coded Bits

Serial to Parallel

IFFT

RF

Complex Waveform

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Page33

Fast Fourier Transform


Subcarrier Demodulation
Fast Fourier Transform
Parallel Coded to Bits Serial

Receiver

FFT

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Page34

LTE Channel and FFT Sizes


Channel Bandwidth 1.4MHz 3MHz 5MHz 10MHz 15MHz 20MHz FFT Size Subcarrier Bandwidth Sampling Rate

128 256 512 15kHz 1024 1536 2048

1.92MHz 3.84MHz 7.68MHz 15.36MHz 23.04MHz 30.72MHz

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Page35

OFDM Symbol Mapping


Modulated OFDM Symbol Amplitude Cyclic Prefix Time

Frequency OFDM Symbol

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Page36

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access


Power Time
OFDM A Each user allocated a different resource which can vary in time and frequency.

Frequency

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Page37

OFDM Peak to Average Power Ratio


PAPR (Peak to Average Power Ratio) Issue
Amplitude OFDM Symbol

Time

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Page38

Time Domain Interference


Energy

Delay Spread

Time

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Page39

Inter Symbol Interference


1st Received Signal

Delayed Signal

Interference Caused

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Page40

Cyclic Prefix
Frequency CP CP CP CP CP CP CP CP CP CP CP CP Time

Symbol Period T(s)

Cyclic Prefix

Bit Period T(b)

T(g)

Symbol Period T(s)

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Page41

OFDMA Features

Benefit

High frequency spectrum efficiency

CP is used to resist multi-paths interference


Easy channel estimation and balance Be good at resist frequency selection fading

Disadvantage

Be sensitive to frequency tolerance Doppler shift impacts subcarrier orthogonality High PAPR ( Peak Average Power Ratio) , affect the efficiency of PA

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page42

Contents
2 LTE Key Technology 2.1 Downlink OFDMA 2.2 Uplink SC_FDMA 2.3 MIMO

2.4 Higher-Order Modulation


2.5 HARQ 2.6 SON

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page43

SC-FDMA Subcarrier Mapping Concept


Time Domain Frequency Domain
0 0 0 0

Time Domain

Symbols

DFT

Subcarrier Mapping
0 0 0

IDFT

CP Insertion

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Page44

SC-FDMA Signal Generation


N symbols sequence produces N subcarriers First N Symbols DFT Modulated and Coded Symbols Second N Symbols DFT DFT Output

Different input sequence produces different output

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Page45

SC-FDMA and the eNB


Time
IDFT Second N Symbols

Power Cyclic Prefix


IDFT First N Symbols

N Subcarriers

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page46

SC-FDMA Features

Benefit

Low sensitivity to carrier frequency offset Low PAPR Increase the efficiency of PA Increased coverage for power-limited terminal

Disadvantage

Frequency efficiency is lower than OFDM in DL

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page47

SC-FDMA Verses OFDMA

Feature Low PAPR Performance Uplink MIMO

SC-FDMA Y X X

OFDMA X Y Y

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page48

Contents
2 LTE Key Technology 2.1 Downlink OFDMA 2.2 Uplink SC_FDMA 2.3 MIMO

2.4 Higher-Order Modulation


2.5 HARQ 2.6 SON

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page49

SU-MIMO and MU-MIMO


Increases capacity since a single user benefits from multiple data streams.
SU-MIMO

MU-MIMO

eNB

eNB Increases sector capacity by allowing users to share streams.

UE UE

UE

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Page50

Spatial Multiplexing MIMO

2x2 SM (Spatial Multiplexing) TB MIMO TB Port 1 UE TB eNB Port 0 TB

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Page51

Spatial Multiplexing Interference Issues


Interference causes twice as may errors TB MIMO TB Port 1 Interference UE TB eNB Port 0 TB

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Page52

MIMO Space Time Coding Concept


Increased Robustness eNB Port 0 MIMO Port 1 3 6 5 2 1 4 Interference UE TB Still Recoverable 1 2 3 4 5 6 TB

Form of STC TB 1 2 3 4 5 6

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Page53

Adaptive MIMO Switching


Spatial Multiplexing

Efficiency

AMS Point
Space Time Coding

eNB UE
Low SNR High SNR

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page54

Contents
2 LTE Key Technology 2.1 Downlink OFDMA 2.2 Uplink SC_FDMA 2.3 MIMO

2.4 Higher-Order Modulation


2.5 HARQ 2.6 SON

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page55

Higher-Order Modulation

64QAM allows more bits per Symbol to be transmitted

Higher peak rate achieved in good channel condition

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Page56

Higher-Order Modulation

Benefits

Provide higher-data-rate services

Significantly improve the system throughput


Improve users experience

Features

6 information bits can be modulated by one symbol Large transport blocks supported Used with excellent channel condition

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page57

Contents
2 LTE Key Technology 2.1 Downlink OFDMA 2.2 Uplink SC_FDMA 2.3 MIMO

2.4 Higher-Order Modulation


2.5 HARQ 2.6 SON

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page58

HARQ
FEC
HARQ

+
ARQ

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Page59

Contents
2 LTE Key Technology 2.1 Downlink OFDMA 2.2 Uplink SC_FDMA 2.3 MIMO

2.4 Higher-Order Modulation


2.5 HARQ 2.6 SON

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page60

SON Overview

SON: Self Organization Network Main Functions:

Self configuration ANR (Automatic Neighbor Reuse) MRO (Mobility Robust Optimization)

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page61

Questions

LTE supports which FTT sizes?


a. 64. b. 128. c. 256. d. 512. i. 4048. e. 1024. f. 1536. g. 2048. h. 3072.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page62

Questions

True / False. A cyclic prefix is used to combat multipath delays.


a. True. b. False.

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Page63

Questions

How many symbols are there in a slot when a normal CP is used?


a. 5. b. 6. c. 7. d. 8.

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Page64

Questions

True / False. Spatial multiplexing is a technique used in MIMO.


a. True. b. False.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page65

Contents
1. Network Architecture 2. LTE Key Technology 3. LTE Air Interface 4. Technical Comparison Between LTE-TDD and LTE-FDD

5. LTE Deployment

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page66

Contents
3 LTE Air Interface Principles 3.1 LTE Channel Structures 3.2 LTE Frame Structure

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page67

LTE Channels

Logical Channels

Transport Channels

Physical Channels

Radio Channels

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Page68

Logical Channels
Logical Channels RLC MAC PHY Physical Channels

Transport Channels

Radio Channel

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Page69

Control Logical Channels


System Information Messages BCCH PCCH
UE

Paging Devices

eNB

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Page70

CCCH and DCCH Signaling


SRB 0 SRB 0 SRB 1 UE SRB 2 CCCH CCCH DCCH DCCH eNB Low Priority NAS Signaling

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Page71

Traffic Logical Channels

DRB UE

DTCH Carries AM or UM RLC Traffic eNB

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Page72

LTE Release 8 Transport Channels


BCH PCH DL-SCH UE RACH UL-SCH eNB

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Page73

Downlink Physical Channels


PBCH (Physical Broadcast Channel) PCFICH (Physical Control Format Indicator Channel) PDCCH (Physical Downlink Control Channel) PHICH (Physical Hybrid ARQ Indicator Channel)

PDSCH (Physical Downlink Shared Channel)

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Page74

Uplink Physical Channels


PRACH (Physical Random Access Channel) PUCCH (Physical Uplink Control Channel) PUSCH (Physical Uplink Shared Channel)

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Page75

Radio Channels
Radio Channel
TDD
eNB

FDD UE

Radio Channel UE

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Page76

Downlink Channel Mapping


NAS Layer ESM EMM IP RRC Layer RRC Integrity ROHC

PDCP Layer

Ciphering Ciphering

RLC Layer

TM

TM

TM

UM/AM

UM/AM

Logical Channels M AC Layer Transport Channels Physical Layer Physical Channels

BCCH

PCCH

CCCH

DCCH

DTCH

BCH

PCH

DL-SCH

PBCH

PCFICH

PHICH

PDCCH

PDSCH

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Page77

Uplink Channel Mapping


NAS Layer ESM EMM IP RRC Layer RRC Integrity ROHC Ciphering

PDCP Layer
Ciphering

RLC Layer

TM

UM/ AM

UM/ AM

Logical Channels MAC Layer Transport Channels

CCCH

DCCH

DTCH

RACH

UL-SCH

Physical Layer

Physical PRACH PUCCH Channels

PUSCH

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page78

Contents
3 LTE Air Interface Principles 3.1 LTE Channel Structures 3.2 LTE Frame Structure

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page79

Frame Structure
Frame Structure

Type 1: FDD frame

Type 2: TDD frame

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Page80

Transmission Modes Frequency Division Duplex


Channel Bandwidth Channel Bandwidth Frequency

Uplink Duplex Spacing

Downlink

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Page81

Transmission Modes Time Division Duplex


Downlink and Uplink

Asymmetric Allocation

TDD

Frequency

Downlink TDD Frame

Uplink

Downlink TDD Frame

Uplink

Time

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Page82

FDD Frame
Slot (0.5ms) Tslot = 15360 x Ts
4 5 6 7 8 9

Subframe (1ms)

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Radio Frame Tf = 307200 x Ts = 10ms Ts = 1/(15000x2048) = 32.552083ns

Normal CP

Extended CP

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Page83

TDD Frame
Special Subframe GP (Guard Period) DwPTS (Downlink Pilot Time Slot) 3 4 5 UpPTS (Uplink Pilot Time Slot) 7 8 9

Type 2 Radio Frame Tf = 307200 x Ts = 10ms

In one TDD frame it contains one or two special subframes, which can be

divided into 3 parts:

DwPTSDL pilot slot UpPTS: UL pilot slot GP: Guard protect slot

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Page84

Special Subframe DwPTS & UpPTS


1ms 1ms
14 OFDM symbols

3ms

1ms

1ms

2ms

1ms

10

Special-subframe configuration 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

DwPTS 3 9 10 11 12 3 9 10 11

GP 10 4 3 2 1 9 3 2 1

UpPTS 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2

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Page85

Special Subframe GP

Guarantee that uplink signals from different UEs which are far away

from the eNBs antenna are aligned on the air interface of eNodeB

Provide an uplink-and-downlink conversion time (There is a very short conversion time Tud (less than 20 s) in the conversion from the uplink to the downlink of eNodeB)

The length of GP determines the eNBs cell radius. The maximum cell radius supported by LTE-TDD is 100 km

Avoid uplink/downlink interference between eNodeBs


Page86

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Adjustable Subframe Configuration for LTE-TDD


Confi gurat
100 90 80
Throughput(%)

Switchpoint periodi city 0 1 2 3

Subframe number 4 5 6 7 8 9

90 70 50 50 30 10 DL UL

ion

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Download Video Call

0 1 2 3 4

5 ms 5 ms 5 ms 10 ms 10 ms

D D D D D

S S S S S

U U U U U

U U D U U

U D D U D

D D D D D

S S S D D

U U U D D

U U D D D

U D D D D

Online Game

5
6

10 ms
5 ms

D
D

S
S

U
U

D
U

D
U

D
D

D
S

D
U

D
U

D
D

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page87

Questions

Which of the following are downlink transport channels?


a. BCH. b. PCH. c. RACH. d. UL-SCH. e. DL-SCH.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1. Network Architecture 2. LTE Key Technology 3. LTE Air Interface 4. Technical Comparison Between LTE-TDD and LTE-

FDD
5. LTE Deployment

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page89

Similar technologies Between LTETDD and LTE-FDD


Item
Scalable bandwidth configuration Multiple access scheme

LTE-TDD
1.4 MHz, 3 MHz, 5 MHz, 10 MHz, 15 MHz, and 20 MHz DL: OFDM UL: SC-FDMA Convolutional code and

LTE-FDD
1.4 MHz, 3 MHz, 5 MHz, 10 MHz,15 MHz, and 20MHz DL: OFDM UL: SC-FDMA

Coding scheme Modulation scheme

turbo code QPSK, 16QAM, and 64QAM Combination of open-loop power control and closed-

Convolutional code and turbo code QPSK, 16QAM, and 64QAM

Combination of open-loop power control and closed-loop power control Supported Supported
Page90

Power control scheme AMC Congestion control

loop power control Supported Supported

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Different Technologies Between LTETDD and LTE-FDD


Item
Duplex mode Frame structure

LTE-TDD
TDD Type 2 According to different UL-DL subframe configuration,

LTE-FDD
FDD Type 1

Uplink and downlink subframe configuration

the number of subframes allocated to uplink and downlink can be adjusted flexibility The number of processes and the delay vary with the proportions of subframes configured for the

All subframes can be allocated only for the uplink or downlink

HARQ process

uplink and downlink Supported (exchangeability based on uplink and

The number of processes and delay are fixed Not supported (no exchangeability based on uplink and downlink channels) Mode 16 are supported. When different spectrum are used , the guard bandwidth can avoid the interference, while

Beamforming MIMO Mode

downlink channel) Modes 18 are supported

Strict synchronization is required in the whole Network Interference network

using the same spectrum among the adjacent cells,synchronization requirement is not strict

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page91

Different Operating Bands


E-UTRA Band
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Uplink
1920MHz1980MHz 1850MHz1910MHz 1710MHz1785MHz 1710MHz1755MHz 824MHz849MHz 830MHz840MHz 2500MHz2570MHz 880MHz915MHz 1749.9MHz1784.9MHz

Downlink
2110MHz2170MHz 1930MHz1990MHz 1805MHz1880MHz 2110MHz2155MHz 869MHz894MHz 875MHz885MHz 2620MHz2690MHz 925MHz960MHz 1844.9MHz1879.9MHz

Duplex Mode
FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD

10
11 12 13 14 17

1710MHz1770MHz
1427.9MHz1452.9MHz 698MHz716MHz 777MHz787MHz 788MHz798MHz 704MHz716MHz

2110MHz2170MHz
1475.9MHz1500.9MHz 728MHz746MHz 746MHz756MHz 758MHz768MHz 734MHz746MHz

FDD
FDD FDD FDD FDD FDD

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Page92

Different Operating Bands


E-UTRA Band
33
34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Uplink
1900 MHz 1920 MHz
2010 MHz 2025 MHz 1850 MHz 1910 MHz 1930 MHz 1990 MHz 1910 MHz 1930 MHz 2570 MHz 2620 MHz 1880 MHz 1920 MHz 2300 MHz 2400 MHz

Downlink
1900 MHz 1920 MHz
2010 MHz 2025 MHz 1850 MHz 1910 MHz 1930 MHz 1990 MHz 1910 MHz 1930 MHz 2570 MHz 2620 MHz 1880 MHz 1920 MHz 2300 MHz 2400 MHz

Duplex Mode
TDD
TDD TDD TDD TDD TDD TDD TDD

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Page93

Networking Comparison

The networking differences mainly lie in network planning:

LTE-FDD: Only frequency planning is involved and frequency planning is completed in combination with ICIC

LTE-TDD: Frequency planning and timeslot planning are involved. Frequency planning is completed in combination with ICIC, while timeslot planning is completed in consideration of the service distribution and interference isolation

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page94

Networking Modes of LTE-TDD:

Thare are two networking modes of LTE-TDD:

Intra-frequency networking:

All cells in the whole network use the same frequency

Inter-frequency networking:

No sub-carrier collision can happen between adjacent cells of one eNodeB

Intra-frequency networking

Inter-frequency networking

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page95

Contents
1. Network Architecture 2. LTE Key Technology 3. LTE Air Interface 4. Technical Comparison Between LTE-TDD and LTE-FDD

5. LTE Deployment

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page96

Frequency Bands Issued


Finland 1800MHz (04-2009), 2.6GHz (12-2009) Sweden [1] 2.6GHz (Q1-2008) USA [5] 700MHz auction 73 (03-2008) Norway 2.6GHz (11-2007) Europe 800M/2.6GHz (~2010) Japan 1.5GHz, 1800MHz, 2.1GHz [2] (06-2009) Hong-Kong [3] 2.6GHz (01-2009) Singapore 2.6GHz (2005) Saudi Arabia 2.6GHz (~2010)

Chile 2.6GHz (~2010)

New Zealand 2.6GHz

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Page97

E2E Solutions
USN (Unified Serving Node) for MME

Distributed BTS
DBS3900

Macro BTS
Indoor Pico/Femto BTS3900

UGW (Unified packet Gateway) for SGW and PGW

Outdoor BTS3900A

Complete e-NodeB portfolio

Convergence SAE solution


Unified platform incl. TDM, IP, ATM Smooth evolution to all IP

USB Modem Test Prototype

PDA Phone

Router

2008

2009

2010

2011

Terminals
Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

End-to-End transport solution


Page98

Application Highlights
E2E Security Security GW
FE/GE

Clock Sync Solution


IEEE 1588v2 FE/GE

Third Part IP Network

3 party

FE/GE GW

GPS/BITS

3Part IP Network
FE E1 (Sync) IP clock Client function

FE/GE

GW IP Clock 1000

IPSec

FE/GE

3 Party IP Network
IPSec
GPS/BITS FE/GE IEEE 1588v2 Over L3

3rd Party Network

FE/GE

GW

QoS guarantee

Uniform OM
End to End L2 VPN/ATM/CES End to End PWE3 End to End LSP

NB/eNB

RNC/SGW

IEEE 802.1ag/ITU Y.1731/draft-ietf-bfd-mpls-04.txt/IEEE 802.3ah

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Page99

Application Scenario
Consecutive Coverage

eNodeB Solution
Marco BTS Outdoor Coverage
H S P A

DBS Outdoor Coverage


L T E
H S P A

Pico Indoor Coverage


W i M A X

Femto Family Applicaiton


H S P A

Module Design

L T E

R R R R R R F F F F F F U U U U U U

D O r A

L T E

RRU

H S P A

L T E

RRU

W i M A X

L T E

W i M A X

W i F i

BBU

BBU

BBU

BBU

RRU RRU

R F RFU U

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