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16

Chapter 16
The Job Search
and Resume
Job campaign
steps consist of
 Analyzing qualifications
and job preferences
 Obtaining information
about employment
opportunities
Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 2
Additional steps
 Developing resume
 Writing application letter
 Interviewing for job
 Preparing other
employment
communication
Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 3
When analyzing
qualifications,
consider
 Accomplishments
 Education
 Experience
 Positive attributes

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 4


Applicant should
focus on potential
contributions to
organization.

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 5


Applicants should
 Identify
strengths/weaknesses
 Pinpoint interests
 Clarify values
 Identify appropriate careers

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 6


Examine job
characteristics by

 Researching job market


to find available jobs
 Discovering job
requirements

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 7


Self-analysis
comprises
 Individual profile
 Education inventory
 Experience inventory
 References
 Job preferences

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 8


Information for
your individual
profile should
include:
 Name
 Permanent Address
 Telephone numbers

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 9


Other essential
items
Temporary URL for on-
Address line resume
Fax Computer
number skills
E-mail Foreign
address languages
Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 10
Other information
to be included in
individual profile:

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 11


Hobbies Interests

Community Public speaking


service experience
Church Organization
activities memberships
Honors and Volunteer work
awards
Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 12
Education

 Schools attended
 Locations
 Dates
 Certificates/diplomas

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 13


Additional
education
information
 Major
 Minor
 GPA—major and overall

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 14


List additional
education
information that
might be of interest
to an employer.

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 15


Experience is

 Responsibilities
 Accomplishments

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 16


Responsibilities
are

 Factual evidence of job


performance expressed
using action verbs

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 17


Accomplishments
are
 Achievements
 Knowledge
 Skills
 Contributions

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 18


References are

 Individuals who know


your work well and will
to talk to employers

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 19


Remember to
 Use current or former
employers
 Ask for permission
 Give them copy of current
resume

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 20


Reference contact
information should
contain
 Courtesy title/Name
 Position/Organization
 Business address/phone
number
Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 21
To determine job
preferences,
 Analyze strengths and
interests
 Decide on ideal work
environment

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 22


Obtain information
about employment
opportunities

 Solicited job openings


 Unsolicited job openings

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 23


Solicited job
openings advertise
specific jobs
 On web
 In newspaper
 In trade publications
 Through placement
agencies
Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 24
Unsolicited job
openings are
unlisted and
unadvertised.

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 25


Use network
contacts to
 Gain information about
specific types of positions or
companies
 Create awareness of job
seeking

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 26


Network contacts
can also be used to

 Identify referrals for job


contacts or introduction
to people who may be
helpful

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 27


Internet
facilitates
 Accessing information
for Web job search
 Developing and posting
on-line resumes

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 28


Internet also
facilities
 Learning about various
companies
 Discovering which
companies have openings

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 29


A resume is a
targeted or general
Summary of
Qualifications.

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 30


Targeted resume
features specific
qualifications for
a particular job.

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 31


General

 Description of
qualifications
 Used for any job related
to career objectives

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 32


General resume
describes
qualifications and
is used to apply
for similar jobs
related to career
objective.
Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 33
Formats for
resumes

 Chronological— traditional
 Functional—skills-oriented
 Combination—blend of two

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 34


Major resume
sections
 Opening
 Education
 Experience
 Activities
 References

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 35


Opening

 Heading
 Job/career objective
 Summary of
qualifications

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 36


Heading
 Name
 Address
 Phone/fax number
 Web address
 URL of on-line resume
Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 37
Career objectives
 Should be brief, clear, and
direct
 Can be general or specific
 Should match position
opening

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 38


Summary of
Qualifications

 Brief abstract of
qualifications
 Statement or phrases
describing accomplishments

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 39


Education
 Recent graduate—education
section follows opening
 Already employed—
experience section follows
opening

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 40


Experience
 Indicates record of
responsibilities and
accomplishments
 Reflects personality and
personal preference

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 41


Experience
format

 Chronological
 Functional
 Combination

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 42


Activities, honors,
or special skills
may be included
when applicable.

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 43


References

 Job requirements should


dictate references most
helpful to potential
employer

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 44


What are
advantages and
disadvantages of
scannable and on-
line resumes?

Chapter 16 Krizan Business Communication ©2005 45