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Internal

OME201102 HUAWEI BTS3012 Hardware Structure


ISSUE 1.0
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Upon completion of this course, you will be able to: Know the functions and features of BTS Master the BTS hardware structure

Master the cable connection of BTS

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References
BTS3012 Technical Manual BTS3012 Installation Manual BTS3012 User Manual

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Chapter 1 Overview Chapter 2 System Components Chapter 3 Signal Processing

Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System


Chapter 5 Typical configuration

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Location
Um Interface PSTN ISDN PSPDN

MS BTS3012 MS BSC A Interface

TUP,ISUP

MSC/VLR

BTS3012 BTS3012
MS BTS3012 OMC

MAP

HLR/AUC/EIR

SMC/VM

MS: Mobile Station HLR: Home Location Register MSC: Mobile Switching Center VM: Voice Mailbox

BTS: Base Transceiver Station AUC: Authentication Center VLR: Visitor Location Register

BSC: Base Station Controller EIR: Equipment Identity Register SMC: Short Message Center

OMC: Operation and Maintenance Center

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Features and Functions


Support GSM800M850M900M1800M1900M Support networking topology includes star, tree, chain and ring Support A5/1 and A5/2 encryption/decryption Support GPRS and EDGE

Support dynamic and static power control


Support the omni-directional coverage and directional

coverage

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Features and Functions


Double Transceiver Unit (DTRU). A single cabinet can support

up to 12 carriers. It can smoothly evolve into WCDMA


Transmit diversity, 4-receive diversity Support Power Boost Technology (PBT)

BTS3012 can share cabinet with WCDMA base station. The

module of WCDMA base station can be inserted in the BTS3012 cabinet


Support more various transmission mode includes E1, STM-1,

microwave, and satellite transmission


The DTRU of the BTS3012 can be inserted into

BTS30/BTS312 with -48V DC power supply

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Chapter 1 Overview Chapter 2 System Components Chapter 3 Signal Processing

Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System


Chapter 5 Typical configuration

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Hardware structure
Abis Interface Monitor TBUS/DBUS/CBUS BITS Um Interface

Extension cabinet
DATU TMA TMA DTRU DAFU TMA TMA DTRU FH_BUS TMA TMA DTRU DAFU DAFU MS

E1

M E L C

DTMU fiber
E1 Metro 100 DEMU

NFCB DATU

Common subsystem

Double transceiver subsystem

Forepart of RF Subsystem

Antenna and feeder subsystem

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BTS3012 Cabinet and Boards


D M L C D E L C D E L C D S A C

Power and E MC

D C O M

D D P U

D C O M
Wiring

D D P U

D C O M

D D P U

D T R U

D T R U

D T R U
Wiring FAN Air Inlet

D T R U

D T R U

D T R U

D T M U

D T M U

D E M U

D C S U

D C C U

D A T U

Wiring & Air Inlet Transmission Unit Transmission Unit

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BTS3012 Cabinet and Boards


Abbreviations DTRU DTMU DCCU DAFU Double Transceiver Unit Transmission & Timing & Management Unit for DTRU BTS Cable Connection Unit for DTRU BTS Antenna Front-end Unit for DTRU BTS Description

DDPU
DCOM DATU DMLC DELC DSAC DCSU DEMU

Dual Duplexer Unit for DTRU BTS


Combining Unit for DTRU BTS Antenna and TMA Control Unit for DTRU BTS Monitor Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS E1 Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS Signal Access Card for DTRU BTS Combined cabinet Signal connection Unit for DTRU BTS Environment Monitoring Unit for DTRU BTS

DCTB
FAN Box

Cabinet Top Backplane for DTRU BTS


NodeB Fan Controlling and monitoring Board

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Common Subsystem
DTMU Transmission timing& management unit for DTRU BTS DEMU Environment Monitoring Unit for DTRU BTS DCSU Combined cabinet Signal connection Unit for DTRU

BTS
DCCU Cable Connection Unit for DTRU BTS
DATU Antenna and TMA control unit for DTRU BTS

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Functions of DTMU
Providing the external GPS input, the BITS synchronized clock

input
Providing 4-route or 8-route E1 inputbackup between the

active and standby boards


Providing local MMI maintenance of the 10 M network port Controlling, maintaining, and operating the BTS Providing fault management, configuration management,

performance management, and security management


Supporting 8-route digital alarm input. Two routes are lightning

arrester failure alarm detection

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Structure of DTMU
DTMU LMT MMI CBUS2 MCU

OML Abis DBUS

BSC

BIU

DTRU

Clock External synchronized clock MCK Subrack number and clock

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Indicators on DTMU
Indicator Color Description Status RUN Green Indicates Slow flash (0.25 Hz) operation Slow flash (0.5 Hz) Fast flash at uncertain intervals Off ACT Green Indicates Off whether the On board is active or standby PLL Green Indicates the Off clock status On Fast flash (4 Hz) Fast flash (1 Hz) LIU1 Green Indicates the Off transmission status of E1 On port 1 and port 5 Fast flash (4 Hz) Meaning OML is blocked Normal BSC data loading Power failure of the board Standby Active
DTMU RUN ACT PLL LIU1 LIU2 LIU3 LIU4 SWT ALM

Abnormal Free-run Pull-in Lock E1 port 1 is normal when SWT is out E1 port 5 is normal when SWT is on E1 port 1 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out E1 port 5 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on E1 port 1 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out E1 port 5 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on

RST MMI

T2M FCLK T13M

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Indicators on DTMU
Indicator Color Description Status LIU2 Green Indicates the Off transmission status of E1 port 2 and port 6 On Fast flash (4 Hz) Off Meaning E1 port 2 is normal when SWT is out E1 port 6 is normal when SWT is on E1 port 2 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out E1 port 6 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on E1 port 2 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out E1 port 6 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on E1 port 3 is normal when SWT is out E1 port 7 is normal when SWT is on E1 port 3 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out E1 port 7 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on E1 port 3 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out E1 port 7 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on E1 port 4 is normal when SWT is out E1 port 8 is normal when SWT is on E1 port 4 near end alarm occurs when SWT is out E1 port 8 near end alarm occurs when SWT is on E1 port 4 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is out E1 port 8 remote end alarm occurs when SWT is on LIU1 to LIU4 indicate the transmission status of E1 port 1 to 4. LIU1 to LIU4 indicate the transmission status of E1 port 5 to 8. No hardware alarm Hardware alarm
DTMU RUN ACT PLL LIU1 LIU2 LIU3 LIU4 SWT ALM

LIU3

Green Indicates the transmission status of E1 port 3 and port 7 On

LIU4

Green Indicates the transmission status of E1 port 4 and port 8 On

Fast flash (4 Hz) Off

RST MMI

SWT

Green Indicates handover status of E1

Fast flash (4 Hz) Off On

T2M FCLK T13M

ALM

Red

Alarm indicators

Off On

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Interface on the DTMU panel

Interface T2M

Type SMB (female)

Description Outputs reference testing clock

FCLK
T13M MMI

SMB (female)
SMB (female) RJ45

216.7 Hz frame clock


13M primary reference clock Near end maintenance network port

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Functions of DEMU
The DEMU is placed in slots 2 to 4 and slot 7 of the common subrack with

the DATU. The DEMU is an optional module. There is maximum one DEMU under full configuration.
Monitoring variations in the smoke, water, temperature, humidity, infrared,

and access control ,Handling alarms


Guaranteeing normal operation of the equipment Output of 6-route Boolean value and input of 32-route main node alarms

Monitor signal DMLC DEMU

CBUS3

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Functions of DCSU
The Combined Cabinet Signal

Connection Unit for DTRU BTS (DCSU) is placed in slot 5 of the common subrack, which is located in the lower part of the cabinet. There is only one DCSU and it is mandatory
The DCSU transfers signals for

DTMU

DCCU DTRB DCSU DCTB

DCMB

DEMU

the combined cabinet and cabinet group between the common subrack and the cabinet top subrack

DATU

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The interfaces on the DCSU panel

DCSU

Silk- Screen

Type

Description

CC_OUT

MD64 (female)

For cable output from the combined cabinet

CC_OUT

CC_IN

MD64 (female)

For cable input to the combined cabinet

CC_IN

To_DTRB

MD64 (female)

Connecting to the DTRB through cables

TO_DTRB

TOP2

DB26 (female)

Connecting to the cabinet top subrack through cables

TOP2

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Switch of DCSU
GM51DCSU VERB SW6 SW9
SW7 SW10 SW8

SW5

SW14 SW13 SW12

SW4 SW3 SW2 SW11 SW1

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Functions of DCCU
The DCCU is placed in slot 6 of

the common subrack. There is only one DCCU and it is mandatory


Converting the input and output

DTMU

NFCB DCMB DCCU DCTB DCSU

signals of the common subrack.


Inputting the power of the
DEMU

common subrack
Providing EMI filtering

DATU

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The interfaces on the DCCU panel


SilkScreen TRAN To_FAN TO_TOP1 Type MD64 (female) DB26 (female) MD64 (female) Description For E1 signal input Connects to the fan panel through cables Connects to the cabinet top subrack through cables
To_FAN TRAN DCCU

POWER

3V3

For power input of the common unit

TO_TOP1

POWER

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Functions of DATU
DATU

The DATU is placed in slots 2 to 4 and slot 7 of the

RUN ACT ALM

common subrack with the DEMU. It is optional and there are maximum two DATUs
Transmitting the remote electrical tilt unit (RET)

control signals
Feeding the TMA Communicating with the DTMU through CBUS3 for

ANT0 ANT1 ANT2 ANT3

control and alarm report

ANT4 ANT5

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Cabinet Top Access Subsystem


DMLC( Monitor Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS) DELC(E1 Signal Lightning-Protection Card for DTRU BTS) DSAC(Signal Access Card for DTRU BTS)

CKB2

D M L C

D E L C

D E L C

D S A CKB1 C

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DCF

Function of DMLC
DMLC

The DMLC is placed in slots 0 to 2 of the cabinet top

subrack with the DELC. There is only one DMLC and it is optional DMLC
Thirty-two-route Boolean value input Six-route Boolean value output Four-route analog input
SWOUT SWIN

Smoke/water/access

control/infrared/humidity/temperature sensor signal input


AIN

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Function of DELC
The DELC is placed in slots 0 to 2 of the cabinet
DELC

top subrack with the DMLC


The DELC is mandatory and there is one DELC

under minimum configuration


Without the DMLC, there are maximum three

DELCs, supporting up to 12 routes of protected E1 signals

TR

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Function of DSAC
DSAC

subrack. There is only one DSAC and it is mandatory


Six-route Boolean value input. Two-route CBUS3 output

alarm
Access protection of BITS clock input

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SYNC

EAC

COM1

Two-route input of lightning protection arrester failure

S1+S1-S2+S2-

COM 2

The DSAC is placed in slot 3 of the cabinet top

Double transceiver subsystem


DTRUDouble Transceiver Unit DTRB
DTRU DTRU DTRU DTRU DTRU DTRU

DTRB

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Functions of DTRU
RF subsystem transmit part. Converts the baseband signals on the two

TRXs to the RF signals. Supports up-frequency conversion of the signals and RF frequency hopping. Filters, amplifies, and outputs the combined signals
RF subsystem receive part. Devides and modulates the RF signals on the

two TRXs. Supports transmit receive and RF frequency hopping


Baseband processing part. Processes signals. Supports coding and

decoding, interleaving and de-interleaving, modulation and demodulation. Supports voice fax services. Supports data services in Phase II, GPRS services, and EDGE services. Supports transmit diversity and 4-way receive diversity. Amplifies the output power

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Functional structure of DTRU


DTRU Baseband and RF Unit (DBRU) DTRU Power Amplifier Unit (DPAU) DTRU Power Supply Unit (DTPS)

DTRU DPAU

DTMU DBRU

DAFU

DTPS 48V DC

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Indicators on DTRU
Indicator RUN Color Green Description Indicates the running and power-on of the DTRU Status On Off Meaning There is power supply or the board is faulty. There is no power supply and the board is faulty. The board is starting.
DTRU TX1 IN1 TCOM IN2 TX2 RST RUN ACT ALM RF_IND RXM1 RXD1 RXM2 RXD2 PWR

ACT

Green

Indicates the TRX is working

ALM

Red

Indicates alarm

RF_IND

Red

RF interface indicators

Slow flash (0.25 Hz) Slow flash (0.5 Hz) The board is running. Fast flash (2.5 Hz) The DTMU is sending configuraiton parameters to the DTRU. On The board is running (the DTMU sends configuration parameters to the DTRU correctly and the cell is starting). All the channels on the two carriers can work normally. Off Communication between DTRU and DTMU is not set up Slow flash (0.5Hz) Only parts of the logic channels are working normally (including after TRX mutual aid). On (including Critical alarm occurs to the board. high-frequency flash) Off The board is normal. On Standing wave alarm Off Normal Slow flash (0.5 Hz) RL alarm

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Indicators on DTRU
Interface TX1 Type N (male) TX1 output signals: Description
TX1 IN1 TCOM IN2 TX2 RST RUN ACT ALM RF_IND RXM1 RXD1 RXM2 RXD2 PWR DTRU

Output to the forepart of the RF when not in combiner


Output to IN1 in combiner IN1 TCOM IN2 TX2 SMA (female) Connects to TX1 in combiner N (male) Combines and outputs IN1 and IN2 or implements PBT combined output TX2 output signals: Output to the forepart of the RF when not in combiner Output to IN2 in combiner RXM1 RXD1 RXM2 RXD2 PWR SMA (female) Main or diversity 1 receive port of carrier 1 SMA (female) Diversity 1 or 2 receive port of carrier 1 SMA (female) Main receive port of carrier 2 or Diversity 3 receive port of carrier 1 SMA (female) Diversity receive port of carrier 2 or Diversity 4 receive port of carrier 1 3V3 Power supply

SMA (female) Connects to TX2 in combiner N (male)

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DTRU transmit mode


Transmit independence Transmit diversity PBT Wideband transmit combination

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DTRU transmit mode-transmit independence


TX1

TX
IN1 TCOM IN2 TX2
combiner

TRX0

RXM1 RXD1

TX

RXM2 RXD2

TRX1

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DTRU transmit mode-transmit diversity


TX1 IN1

Man made multi way


TX

TCOM
IN2 TX2

combiner

TRX0

TX

TRX1

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DTRU transmit mode-PBT


TX1 IN1 TCOM IN2

Same phase
TX
combiner

TRX0

TX2

TX

TRX1

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DTRU transmit mode-wideband transmit combination


TX1 IN1 TCOM IN2 TX2
combiner

TX

TRX0

TX

TRX1

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DTRU receive mode

Receive independence Receive diversity 4-way receive diversity

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DTRU receive mode- Receive independence


TX1
TX

IN1 TCOM IN2 TX2


combiner

TRX0

RXM1
divider

RXD1

TX divider

RXM2 RXD2

TRX1

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DTRU receive mode- Receive diversity


TX1 IN1 TCOM IN2 TX2
combiner TX

TRX0

RXM1
divider

RXD1
divider

TX

RXM2 RXD2

TRX1

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DTRU receive mode- 4-way receive diversity


TX1
TX

IN1 TCOM IN2 TX2


combiner

TRX0

RXM1
divider

RXD1
divider

TX

RXM2 RXD2

TRX1

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Intra structure of DTRU


TX1
TX

IN1 TCOM IN2 TX2


combiner

TRX0

RXM1 RXD1

divider TX divider

RXM2 RXD2

TRX1

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Functions of DTRB
The DTRB is placed in the DTRU

subrack. It has six slots, each holding one DTRU


The DTRB provides connections

DTRU DTRU DTRU DTRU DTRU DTRU

between the DCSU and the DTRU. All the onsite signals are provided to the DCSU through the DTRB

DTRB

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Front-End of the RF Subsystem


DDPU (Dual Duplexer Unit for DTRU BTS) DCOM (Combining Unit for DTRU BTS)

D C
NBBI

D D P U

D C O M

D D P U

D C O M

D D P U

O M

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Functions of DDPU
The DDPU is intermixed with the DCOM in the DAFU subrack

of the forepart of RF subsystem. It is indispensable. Generally, the number of DDPU is one at least and three at most. Without the DCOM, there can be at most six DDPUs
Sending multi RF signals from the transceiver in the DTRU to

the antenna through the duplexer


Sending signals from the antenna after amplifying and

quartering them to the transceiver in the DTRU


Detecting standing wave alarms in the Antenna Feeder system Receiving the gain control of the low noise amplifier

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Functional structure of the DDPU


ANTA
ANTB

duplexer

divider

duplexer

divider

TXA RXA1 RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 TXB RXB1 RXB2 RXB3 RXB4

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Indicators on DDPU
Indicator RUN Color Description On Status Meaning There is power supply and the board is faulty.
ANTB ANTA DDPU RUN ALM VSWRA VSWRB

Green Indicates the DDPU is running and powered on

Off
Slow flash (0.5 Hz) Fast flash (2.5 Hz)

There is no power supply or the board is faulty.


The board is running normally. The DTMU is sending configuration parameters to the DDPU or the DDPU is loading software programs. There is alarm (including standing wave alarm) and the board is faulty.

ALM

Red

Indicates an alarm

On (including highfrequency flash)

COM

Off
Slow flash (0.5 Hz) VSWRA Red Indicates a standing wave alarm of Channel A Slow flash (0.5 Hz) On Off VSWRB Red Indicates a standing wave alarm of Channel B Slow flash (0.5 Hz) On Off

No fault
The board is starting or loading the newest application programs Standing wave alarm occurs to Channel A Standing wave critical alarm occurs to Channel A No standing wave alarm occurs to Channel A Standing wave alarm occurs to Channel B Standing wave critical alarm occurs to Channel B No standing wave alarm occur to Channel B

POWER

RXA1 RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 RXB3 RXB4 TXB TXA

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Interface on DDPU
ANTB

Interface Type COM DB26 (female) POWER 3V3 TXA N (male) TXB RXA1 RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 RXB3 RXB4 ANTA ANTB N (male) SMA (female) SMA (female) SMA (female) SMA (female) SMA (female) SMA (female) SMA (female) SMA (female) DIN (female) DIN (female)

Description Sends to the DDPU control signals, communication signals, clock signals and subrack number Power supply input Input of the TX signals sent from the DTRU Input of the DCOM combining signals Input of the TX signals sent from the DTRU Input of the DCOM combining signals Main 1 output port Main 2 output port Main 3 output port Main 4 output port Diversity 1 output port Diversity 2 output port Diversity 3 output port Diversity 4 output port RF jumper port RF jumper port

ANTA DDPU RUN ALM VSWRA VSWRB

COM

POWER

RXA1 RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 RXB3 RXB4 TXB TXA

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Functions of DCOM
DCOM

The DCOM is placed in the DAFU subrack

with the DDPU


ONSHELL

The DCOM is optional and there are a

maximum three DCOMs. The DTRU combines two carriers into one channel. The DCOM is required when the DTRUs are insufficent
The DCOM combines the 2-route DTRU

TX-COM

TX1

transmission signals and outputs them to the DDPU

TX2

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Interfaces on DCOM

Interface ONSHEL L TX COM TX1

Type DB26 (female) N (male) N (male)

Description For indentification of the board type of DCOM and on-site status Output of combining signals from the DCOM to DDPU TX signal input from the DTRU to DCOM

TX2

N (male)

TX signal input from the DTRU to DCOM

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Functions of FAN BOX


The FAN BOX forms a loop with the air inlet box to provide forced

ventilation and dissipation for the common subrack, the DTRU subrack, and the DAFU subrack
The FAN Box is mandatory with four independent axial flow fans. The

fans' speed and running status are controlled by the Fan Controlling and Monitoring Board

STATE

FAN PWR

COM

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Indicators on FAN BOX

Indicator STATE

Color Green

Status Fast flash (4 Hz)

Meaning Communication between the NFCB and the DTMU is abnormal. There is no alarm Alarm occurs to the board

Red

Fast flash (4 Hz)

Green
Orange (red and green) Green or red or orange

Slow flash (0.5 Hz)


On Off

The board is running normally


The board software is being upgraded There is no power supply and the board is faulty

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Chapter 1 Overview Chapter 2 System Components Chapter 3 Signal Processing

Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System


Chapter 5 Typical configuration

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System Signal Flow

the signal flow of the service and signaling include DL Signal Flow UL Signal Flow Signaling Processing Signal Flow Clock Signal Flow Combined Cabinet Signal Flow

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DL Signal Flow
Um

MS

Antenna Feeder

D D P U

D T R U

D T M U

Abis

BSC

BTS3012 Cabinet

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DL Signal Flow
The DL signal flow includes the following steps:

The DTMU receives the service data from the BSC, exchanges and processes it, and then transfers it to the DTRU The DTRU performs digital filtering, up conversion, and filter amplification of the signals and sends the signals to the DDPU The duplexer in the DDPU filters the signals sent from the DTRU and transmits the signals through antennas and feeders

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UL Signal Flow
Um

MS

Antenna Feeder

D A F U

D T R U

D T M U

Abis

BSC

BTS3012 Cabinet

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UL Signal Flow
The UL signal flow includes the following steps:

The antenna receives the signals transmitted from the MS. After being amplified by the TMA, the signals are transmitted to the DDPU through the feeder.The TMA is optional. It is used to compensate the feeder loss and enhance receiver sensitivity of the DDPU antenna port The DDPU receives the signals and transmits the signals to the DTRU after they are filtered by the duplexer and amplified by the LNA The DTRU receives the signals and transmits the signals to the DTMU after amplification and down conversion. The DTMU then transmits the signals to the BSC through the Abis interface

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Signaling Processing Signal Flow

BSC
Abis DTMU

DTRU

DDPU

BTS3012

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Signaling Processing Signal Flow


The signaling processing signal flow includes the following steps:

The Abis interface board receives the signaling data from the BSC and transmits the data to the DTMU The DTMU performs decision and processing on the signaling and transmits the signaling to the DTRU and DDPU The DTRU and DDPU report board status to the DTMU The DTMU obtains the status of the BTS3012 by collecting and analyzing the status of all boards and transmits the information to the BSC through the Abis interface

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Clock Signal Flow

A-bis DTMU
Clock distribution cable between cabinets

Boards in main cabinet

Boards in slave cabinet

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Clock Signal Flow Description


The clock signal flow includes the following steps:

The external reference clock is transmitted to the clock module in the DTMU through the Abis interface The clock module performs phase lock and frequency division on the clock signals to generate different clock signals for BTSs The clock signals are transmitted to the modules in the main cabinet such as the DTRU and the DDPU The clock signals are transmitted to the modules in the slave cabinets through the clock distribution cable

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Chapter 1 Overview Chapter 2 System Components Chapter 3 Signal Processing

Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System


Chapter 5 Typical configuration

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Antenna Feeder subsystem


Antenna
Antenna Feeder Jumpers TMA

Antenna support Jumper TMA Jumper

Jumper

Feeder

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Antenna
In mobile communications systems, the antenna consists of an

array of element antennas, as shown in Figure


Element antenna Feeding network Element antenna Feeding network

Feeding network

Antenna connector Directional antenna

Antenna connector Omnidirectional antenna

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Antenna
BTS3012 antennas are classified:

By radiation features in horizontal directions: omnidirectional antennas and directional antennas By polarization features: single polarization antennas and dual polarization antennas

Omnidirectional antenna

Single polarization antenna

Dual polarization antenna

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Lightning Arrester
feeder

Lightning Arrester is used to prevent the equipment from being damaged by the lightening current inducted by the core line of the feeder

jumper

Lightning Arrester

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Types of Main Feeder


7/8 inch

Cable loss=0.043dB/m
5/4 inch

Cable loss=0.032dB/m
1/2 inch jumper

Cable loss=0.11dB/m Used between the antenna and the main feeder

Between the antenna and the tower-top amplifier


Between the cabinet and the lightning arrester

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TMA
The tower mounted amplifier (TMA) is a low noise amplification module

installed on the tower top. The TMA is optional. The triplex TMA is usually used and installed close to the antenna. The triplex TMA consists of triplex filter, low noise amplification, and feeder

Sending filter BTS

TMA

Feeder

Bypass Lower noise amplific -ation DC

Receiving filter

Receiving filter

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Antenna Pattern
The antenna pattern describes the radiating abilities of

antennas in all directions

360
Omni Antenna

120

90

65

Directional antenna

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Polarization
Two main types of polarization

Vertical polarization Horizontal polarization


The types of antenna divided by

polarization Single polarized antenna Vertical polarization for GSM

One port for one feeder


Dual polarized antenna +45 degree and -45 degree Two ports for two feeders
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Chapter 1 Overview Chapter 2 System Components Chapter 3 Signal Processing

Chapter 4 Antenna and Feeder System


Chapter 5 Typical configuration

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Configuration Principles
The configuration principles of the BTS3012 cabinet are as follows:

The minimum antenna rule use as few as possible antennas for cell configuration. The minimum cabinet rule use as few as possible cabinets for cell configuration. The complete synchronous cell rule all TRXs of a synchronous cell are configured in the same cabinet group The basic cabinet priority rule TRXs are configured in the basic cabinet in preference, and the number of TRXs in the basic cabinet is not less than that in any extension cabinet

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Configuration Principles
The BTS3012 supports the omnidirectional coverage and the directional

coverage.
The BTS3012 supports the combination of two cabinets to form one group

and the combination of three cabinet groups.


The BTS3012 supports the transmit diversity and 4-way diversity receive. The DCOM combines two carriers into one channel (the two-into-one

function). The DCOM is required when the DTRUs are not sufficient.
The BTS3012 uses DTRU. One single cabinet supports up to 12 TRXs in

full configuration.
The maximum number of carriers is eight in a cell with a pair of dual

polarization antennas or two omnidirectional antennas of a single sectorized cell


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Typical configuration S1/1/1 transmit independence mode


DDPU

S1/1/1 transmit independence mode

RXA1 RXA2 TX A

Each cell is configured one DTRU and one DDPU.


The connection for one cell is showed

RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 TX B RXB3 RXB4

in the right slide


BSC data configuration should be no
IN 1

TX 1

combining independent receiver mode


Cabinet Top powerdBm46 or

TCOM IN2 TX 2

47.8-1.0

RXM 1 RXD 1 RXM 2 RXD 2

DTRU

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Typical configuration S1/1/1 transmit diversity+4-way receive diversity


S1/1/1 transmit diversity+4-way
DDPU
RXA1 RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 TX B RXB3 RXB4 RXB3 RXB4 TX A

DDPU
RXA1 RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 TX B TX A

receive modeeach cell is configured one DTRU and two DDPU


BSC data configuration should be

diversity transmitter four diversity receiver mode

TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

Cabinet Top powerdBm

46 or 47.8-1.0

RXM 1 RXD 1 RXM 2 RXD 2

DTRU

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Typical configurationS2/2/2 transmit independence mode


S2/2/2 transmit independence mode

DDPU
RXA1 RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 TX B RXB3 RXB4 TX A

Each cell is configured one DTRU and one DDPU


The connection for one cell is showed in

the right slide


BSC data configuration should be no combining mode, dividing receiver

TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

mode
Cabinet Top powerdBm46 or

RXM 1 RXD 1

47.8-1.0
DTRU

RXM 2 RXD 2

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Typical configurationS2/2/2 PBT mode


S2/2/2 PBT modeeach cell is

DDPU
RXA1 RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 TX B RXB3 RXB4 TX A

configured two DTRU and one DDPU


The connection for one cell is
TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

showed in the right slide


BSC data configuration should be

Power Booster Technology mode independent receiver mode


Cabinet Top powerdBm49

RXM 1 RXD 1 RXM 2 RXD 2

RXM 1 RXD 1 RXM 2 RXD 2

DTRU

DTRU

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Typical configuration S4/4/4 wideband transmit combination mode


DDPU

S4/4/4 wideband transmit combination

RXA1 RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 TX B RXB3 RXB4 TX A

mode each cell is configured two DTRU and one DDPU


BSC data configuration should be

wideband band combining mode dividing receiver mode


Cabinet Top powerdBm46 or

TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

47.8-3.3-1.0

RXM 1 RXD 1 RXM 2 RXD 2

RXM 1 RXD 1 RXM 2 RXD 2

DTRU

DTRU

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Typical Configuration S1/2/1


S1/2/1,cell1 and cell 3 need
DDPU
RXA1

DDPU
RXA1 TX A RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 TX B TX B RXB3 RXB4 TX A

DDPU
RXA1 RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 TX B RXB3 RXB4 TX A

share one DTRU, cell 2 need configure one DTRU and one DDPU.
BSC data configuration

RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 RXB3 RXB4

should be DTRU1no combining mode independent receiver mode DTRU2no combining mode receive independence diversity mode

TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

RXM 1 RXD 1 RXM 2

RXM 1 RXD 1 RXM 2 RXD 2

DTRU

RXD 2

DTRU

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Typical configuration S8/8/8


S8/8/8 cell 1 and cell 3
DDPU

are configured 4 DTRU,2 DCOM and 1 DDPU


BSC data configuration

Tx-com
TX1

RXA1 RXA2 RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 TX A

Tx-com
TX1

TX 2

TX B

RXB3 RXB4

TX 2

should be wide band combining mode dividing receiver mode


Cabinet top power

TX 1 TX 1 IN 1 IN 1 TCOM TCOM IN2 IN2 TX 2 TX 2

TX 1 TX 1 IN 1 IN 1 TCOM TCOM IN2 IN2 TX 2 TX 2

dBm46 or 47.8 -3.3-3.3-1.0


DTRU DTRU DTRU

DTRU

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Typical configuration S8/8/8


RF-EX1 RF-EX1 RF-EX2 RF-EX3 RF-EX4

S8/8/8 cell2 is

RF-EX2 RF-EX3 RF-EX4

configured 4 DTRU,2 DCOM and 2 DDPU, cell 2 need cross the cabinet
BSC data configuration

DDPU
RXA1 RXA2 TX A RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 TX B RXB3 RXB4

DDPU

Tx-com
TX1

RXA1 RXA2 TX A RXA3 RXA4 RXB1 RXB2 TX B RXB3 RXB4

Tx-com
TX1

should bewide band combining mode dividing receiver mode


Attentiononly support

TX 2

TX 2

TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

TX 1 IN 1 TCOM IN2 TX 2

frequency hopping

DTRU

DTRU

DTRU

DTRU

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Combined Cabinet Signal Flow


Slave Data cable Control cable Clock cable

Main
cabinet

Main Control cable Clock cable cabinet of slave cabinet group

Data cable Control cable Clock cable

Slave cabinet of slave cabinet group

cabinet
of main cabinet group

of main
cabinet group

The connection of the signal cables of the combined cabinet is as

follows: The main and slave cabinets are connected by the data cables, control cables, and clock cables

The main and slave combined cabinets are connected by the clock cables and control cables
The main and slave cabinets and combined cabinets require the DIP switches
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Summary

Functions and features of BTS3012 BTS3012 hardware structure Antenna and feeder system Typical configuration

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