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Water supply System in India

GENERAL CODES AND STANDARDS National Building Code (NBC) Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Central Pollution control board (CPCB) Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) And Other Local Statutory

OBJECTIVES OF Water flow System DESIGN

To provide continuous and healthy PHE & utility services. like


Raw Water treatment
Plumbing & Fire Water For Utility Waste Water Treatment

Rain Water Recharge

To protect the public health & Environment (i.e. save water, Recharge Ground water & Stop polluting water resource & earth due to Effluent water To Provide Easily & Simply statutory approvals from authority.

Source of RAW water For Industrial area

From City Water Supply (Local authority will provide)


From Ground Water (Need Bore Permission with Rain water recharge calculation & water flow scheme ) Recycled water ( Reuse of effluent/Sewage treated water for irrigation & Process water i.e.- make-up for cooling tower, boiler etc.) Except Human use and Ground water recharge

C.G.W.A. Guidelines for withdrawal of Ground water


C AT E G O R Y
-

NOTIFIED AREA

Permission to withdrawal Ground water through any pumping system will not be accept for any purpose other than drinking water.

NON-NOTIFIED AREA

NOC for Ground Water withdrawal will be considered for Industries/Infrastructure projects which are either NEW or under EXPANSION as per the C.G.W.A. given guideline :

C.G.W.A. guideline /criteria for NON-NOTIFIED AREA


CATEGORY RECYCLE/REUSE GRAUND WARER WITHDRAWAL AND GROUND WATER RECHARGE

SAFE

Mandatory recycling and reuse of quantity of ground water exceeds 100cu.mtr/day. water Rain water harvesting to be adopted.

SEMICRITICAL

Major and Medium industries shall recycle and reuse at least 50% of the waste water

The withdrawal should not exceed 200% of the recharge quantity.

CRITICAL

Major and Medium industries Withdrawal should not exceed 100% of the should fully recycle and reuse the recharge quantity. waste water

OVEREXPLOITED

The withdrawal should not exceed 50% of the recharged quantity. Efficient utilization of recycled No permission for industries like packaged, water and reuse of water should drinking, mineral water, distilleries, breweries, be mandatory soft drink manufacturing, textiles, paper and pulp etc.

type of water flow scheme

WATER TREATMENT BASIC SCHEME FOR DOMESTIC WATER, SOFT & RO WATER
CITY WATER SUPPLY
RAW WATER TANK FILTRATION PLANT FILTERED WATER TANK

BOREWELL SUPPLY

SOFTENING PLANT

DOMESTIC WATER USE

RO PLANT
SOFT WATER TANK
RO WATER FOR BOILER FEED ,/ DRINKING /PROCESS, / DM FEED ETC

SEWAGE / CANTEEN WASTE WATER COOLING TOWER MAKEUP

IRRIGATION USE

STP

ZERO LIQUID DISCHARGE SCHEME


CITY WATER SUPPLY
FILTRATION PLANT

RAW WATER TANK

FILTERED WATER TANK

DOMESTIC WATER USE

BOREWELL SUPPLY

INDUSTRIAL PROCESS WATER DIRECTLY OR THROUGH RO PLANT / DM WATER PLANT / SOFTENER WATER PLANT FOR APPLICATIONS LIKE BOILER FEED, COOLING TOWER, PROCESS ETC

SEWAGE / CANTEEN WASTE WATER

EFFLUENT WATER / WASTE WATER

RECYCLED WATER

EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT

SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT

MULTIPLE RO PLANT

SOFTENER PLANT

DM PLANT

ULTRA FILTRATION/RECYCLE SYSTEM MUTIEFFECT EVAPORATOR CONCENTRATED REJECT FEEDING TO MULTI EFFECT EVAPORATOR

Thank you Very Much