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Impact of ICT on Indian

Academic Libraries
B.G. Shivakumari,
Asst. Librarian,
Dept. of Civil Engineering,

Academic libraries in India are facing sweeping

changes on account of impact of information,
communication, and technology applications in libraries.

They are progressing well in automating the house

keeping operations of libraries, such as automated
circulation system, acquisition of books, e-books, acquisition
of periodicals, e-journals, databases, and hosting of OPACs
(i.e., Online Public Accesses Catalogues) on library web
pages and refining old services and starting fresh ones.
ICT facilitated to have information
on different forms:
•Information in electronic form is a potential asset and
that it can be vigorously applied in any environment.
•The advent and spread of electronic formats has made
a major difference in the information processing and
services environments in libraries.
•The emergence of the internet and web as the
dominant path way and repository of electronic
information resources has brought great impact on
library services.
•In an academic environment libraries act as facilitators
to provide right information to the right user at the right

• The advent of web enabled information

resources, such as e-journal e-books and e-
reference sources and their access through
networks has taken the library to the users.

• Thus, significant amount of information access

is now taking place beyond the four walls of the

• The impact of ICT has resulted in “information

• This information overload caused doubts in the
users regarding the relevance of information
• Here the library shall take the responsibility of
identifying what is demanded by the user.
• It must be effectively retrieved to satisfy the user
by the library professionals. Libraries must organize
and retrieve the relevant information. The ICT has
facilitated the libraries to the greatest extent in this

• Information technology (IT) enriched library

services arrived initially for science and technology.
Later to special libraries and academic libraries.

• In comparisons to other libraries, academic and

research libraries have better infrastructure and
skilled man power.
• Advent of printing technology - Resulted in mass
production of print documents and enabled
democratization of information.(availability of
information to one and all without any discrimination).
• Micro forms - Helped the libraries to preserve the
abundant less used information in compact storages.
• Reprographic technology - revolutionized the
concept information use as it facilitated to own a copy
of relevant portion of library resources. It also freed
the users from sitting for long duration for reading in
the libraries.
•Computers- the advent of computer is the biggest
technology revolution so far. It has not remained as
stand alone technology
By adopting communication and technology
developments it has not only revolutionized the

•Web technologies – since 1990’s,the internet

has changed the role libraries in dissemination of

• Most libraries in India now have a web site to

present the basic strengths of the library and to
host services such as the OPAC and web access to
electronic information.

• The internet and web demonstrate that a large

amount of electronic information can be hosted in
a decentralized fashion in a cost effective manner.

• The term “consortia licenses” designates a group of libraries to

negotiate access rights to print and electronic resources with
publishers and vendors.
• It aims at enhanced access to more resources at better pricing.
• Consortia licenses emphasizes to strike the “best deals.”
• National level consortia's are “INDEST consortia. " (The Indian
national digital library for engineering, sciences and technology.
)under the aegis of the MHRD(Ministry of Human Resource
• INFONET, “Information Network”, consortia floated by the
University Grants Commission for Universities. Providing access
to 8 databases, and about 4500 electronic journals.
• ICT gave rise to the many national and
international digital library initiatives.
• Digital library resources can be accessed by
millions of peoples throughout the world at the
same time.
• Resources of digital library consists of digitized
local content and providing access to external
• The typical academic or research Digital Library
must include the following components:
• Electronic journal, databases and e-books
• Subject gateways and virtual libraries
• Local archiving of free and paid e-books

• In house digital publications such as research

reports, annual reports, convocation reports,
teaching materials, theses and dissertations, in-
house journals, proceedings of conferences,
seminars,workshops etc.

• Pre-prints and post prints of research papers

sent for publication to journals, conferences and

Building collection and providing services,

improving access to information should be
the guiding criteria for libraries in
electronic era.