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Motivation is derived from the Latin word movere which means to move or to energize or to activate. Motivation is a process that initiates, maintains and guides goals oriented behaviour. In business context, it means the process of making subordinates to act in a desired manner to achieve certain organisational goals.

Motivation is an internal feeling. The urge, drives, desires, aspirations, striving or needs of human being, which are internal, influence human behaviour. Motivation produces goal directed behaviour. Motivation can be either positive or negative. Positive motivation provides positive rewards like increase in pay, promotion, recognition etc., Negative motivation uses negative means like punishment, stopping increments, threatening etc. which also may induce a person to act in the desired way.



Over time, it is important to properly forecast employment needs. Failing to anticipate personnel needs can impact on overall business success. The success of a business is directly linked to the performance of those who work for that business. Underachievement can be a result of workplace failures. Hiring the wrong people or failing to anticipate fluctuations in hiring needs can be costly. Planning for HR needs will help to ensure your employees have the skills and competencies your business needs to succeed. It will better prepare you for staff turnover, recruitment, and strategic hiring and alleviate stress when you have emergency/last-minute hiring needs.



low-level needs, called hygiene or extrinsic factors, do not lead to motivation

they only lead to dissatisfaction

hygiene factors such as pay or working conditions, supervision, interpersonal relations, status, and security can cause dissatisfaction

satisfying these needs however will not lead to motivation


do you need to be motivated?

Skill variety -- -- the job requires wearing skills, activities, tasks, and talents task identity -- -- the job allows completion of a whole and identifiable piece of work or work product task significance -- -- the work is important and has a positive impact or others in and outside of the organization autonomy -- -- the workers have a degree of discretion and control over their work feedback -- -- the work provides directing clear information on the effectiveness of performance