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Design of Steel - Concrete Composite Structures Assignment Case Study

Introduction
Steel concrete composite systems popular because of advantages Combines better of steel and concrete Objective: compare steel and concrete with composite construction Parameters: deflection, size, material consumption, behaviour under seismic forces, foundation requirements and total cost of building

Advantages of composite construction


It has potential in improving the overall performance with modest changes in manufacturing and constructional technologies. If properly configured then it can provide economical structural systems with high durability, rapid erection and superior seismic performance characteristics Thermal expansion of concrete and steel is nearly the same, so there is no induction of different thermal stresses

Project details
Particular Details

Foundation depth
Foundation type No. of stories Walls Tie at bottom level Lift Water tank

10m below G.L.


Raft foundation 30 stories 9 thick 3 m interval Centre shaft At terrace level

No basement provided
Columns fixed at raft is considered 3 m storey height All the walls At 3 levels Machine room at top

Parking story

Two stories

First and second

Plan view of building

Typical beam grid for all floors

Open GL view of ETABS

Displacements in X and Y direction in mm


RCC Max storey displacements in mm for EQ X Max storey displacements in mm for EQ Y Steel X direction 0.172 Y direction 0.00 X direction 0.00 Y direction 0.176 Composite X direction 0.161 Y direction 0.00 X direction 0.00 Y direction 0.161

X direction 0.0431
Y direction 0.00 X direction 0.00

Y direction 0.0429

Total weight of the structure


RCC Load in KN 368168.0 Steel Composite 256354.0

248397.0

Column Axial Forces in kN


RCC Ground floor to 10th 22051.9 floor Steel Composite 17365.0 21.5% reduction

11668.3 47% reduction

10th floor to 20th floor


20th floor to 30th floor

14061.1
6970.7

7665.2 45.4% reduction


3850.7 44.8% reduction

17360.0 23% reduction


5625.0 20% reduction

Column bending moment in X and Y direction


RCC Steel Composite Ground floor to 10th 1023.9 floor 731.4 25.8% reduction

710.8 30.5% reduction


710.8 20% reduction
901.8 65% increase Composite

10th floor to 20th floor


20th floor to 30th floor

886.2
545.3

473.1 46.6% reduction


368.9 32.3% reduction
Steel 1304.6 15.8% increase 608.6 45.7% reduction

RCC Ground floor to 10th 1126.6 floor 10th floor to 20th floor 20th floor to 30th floor 1121.5 913.9

409.4 63% reduction 409.4 63% reduction

477.6 525.2 42.5% reduction 48% increase

Shear Forces in Main Beam in kN


RCC Ground Floor to 10th Floor 10th Floor to 20th Floor 20th Floor to 30th Floor Steel 1169.86 200% Increase 557.63 67% Increase 534.73 128% Increase Composite 554.96 42% Increase 631.19 89% Increase 634.88 171% Increase

390.35 332.70 233.86

Shear Forces in Secondary Beam in KN


RCC Ground Floor to 10th Floor 10th Floor to 20th Floor 20th Floor to 30th Floor 159.16 190.44 186.07 Steel 276.31 73% Increase 338.18 77.5% Increase 372.42 100% Increase Composite

165.88 4% Reduction 165.88 12.8% Reduction 165.88 11% Reduction

Bending Moments in Main Beam in kNm


RCC Ground Floor to 10th Floor 10th Floor to 20th Floor 20th Floor to 30th Floor Steel 1839.8 161% Increase 2127.1 263% Increase 2119.0 346% Increase Composite 1322.9 87% Increase 1217.0 108% Increase 1227.2 158% Increase

704.3 585.5 474.5

Bending Moments in Secondary Beam in kNm


RCC Ground Floor to 10th Floor 10th Floor to 20th Floor 20th Floor to 30th Floor 393.2 498.7 506.7 Steel 978.4 148% Increase 1345.3 170% Increase 1538.46 204% Increase Composite

236.38 40% Reduction 236.38 52.6% Reduction 236.38 53.3% Reduction

Quantities for Different Models


Concrete (Cum) RCC Steel Composite 10174 3200 3600 Reinforcement (MT) 1600 200 250 Structural Steel (MT) 3400 3000

Conclusion
1. As the results show the Steel option is better than R.C.C. But the Composite option for high rise building is best suited among all three options. 2. In all the options the values of story displacements are within the permissible limits as per code limits. 3. Steel and composite structure gives more ductility to the structure as compared to the R.C.C. which is best suited under the effect of lateral forces. 4. Total saving in the composite option as compared to the R.C.C. results in 10 % so as with Steel it will be 6-7%.