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CLUSTER C:

PERSONALITY

DISORDERS

By: Pauline Baluis

CLUSTER C:

  • 1. Avoidant Personality Disorder

Characterized by a pervasive pattern of social discomfort and reticence, low self- esteem, and hypersensitivity to negative

evaluation.

These clients are likely to report being overly inhibited as children and that they often

avoid unfamiliar situations and people with

intensity beyond that expected for their

developmental stage.

CLUSTER C:

Characteristics include:

Reluctant to ask questions or make requests Sad and anxious Shy and fearful Socially awkward

Easily

devastated

by

real

or

perceived

criticism Has very low self-esteem

Hypersensitive to negative evaluation from others

CLUSTER C:

2. Dependent Personality Disorder Characterized by a pervasive pattern and

excessive need to be taken care of, which leads to submissive and clinging behavior and

fears of separation.

The disorder

is

three times

women than in men.

more often in

It runs in families and most common in the

youngest child.

CLUSTER C:

Characteristics include:

Frequently anxious

Mildly

uncomfortable

when alone

and

feel

helpless

Often pessimistic and self-critical Unhappy or depressed Preoccupied excessively with unrealistic

fears

of

being

themselves

left

alone

to

care

for

CLUSTER C:

Have

tremendous

difficulty

in making

decisions, no matter how minor

Perceive themselves as unable to function outside a relationship

Have

difficulty

initiating

projects or

completing simple ADLs Reluctant to express disagreement

CLUSTER C:

The unspoken motto seems to be:

ANY RELATIONSHIP IS BETTER THAN

NONE AT ALL”

CLUSTER C:

3. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

Characterized

by

a

pervasive

pattern

of

preoccupation with perfectionism, mental and interpersonal control, and orderliness.

It occurs as twice as many men as women.

Common

in oldest children and

people

in

professions involving facts, figures, or

methodical focus on detail.

CLUSTER C:

Characteristics include:

Feeling the need to be perfect beginning in childhood

Have difficulty expressing emotions

Very stubborn and reluctant to relinquish control

Usually appear anxious and fretful Preoccupied with orderliness

CLUSTER C:

Strive for perfection

Absorbed in their own perspective, believe they are right, and do not listen carefully to others

Check

and

recheck

project or activity Have low self-esteem

the details of any

Always harsh, critical, and judgmental of themselves

CLUSTER C:

4. Depressive Personality Disorder

Characterized

by

a

pervasive

pattern

of

depressive

cognitions

and

behaviors

in

various contexts.

Occurs equally in men and women and more often in people with relatives who have major depressive disorders.

Clients may seem to have similar behavior

characteristics as to clients with major depression, but the personality disorder is

much less severe.

CLUSTER C:

Characteristics include:

Being sad, gloomy, or dejected affect Express persistent unhappiness, cheerlessness, and hopelessness

Broods and worries over all aspects of daily life

Has low self-esteem

CLUSTER C:

Has

feelings

of

worthlessness

inadequacy Overly quiet and passive

and

Overly critical and quick to reject others first

CLUSTER C:

Views pessimism as:

“BEING

REALISTIC”

CLUSTER C:

5. Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder

Characterized by a negative attitude and a

pervasive

pattern

of

passive

resistance

to

demands

for

adequate

social

and

occupational performance.

It is thought to be slightly more prevalent in women than in men.

CLUSTER C:

Characteristics include:

Moods fluctuate rapidly and erratically Easily upset or offended Alternates between hostile self-assertion Perceives and anticipates difficulties and disappointments where none exists Views future negatively Frequently ambivalent and indecisive

CLUSTER C:

Tend to blame others for their own feelings or misfortune

Has low self confidence

Has feelings of being cheated, victimized, and exploited

-Often have various vague or generalized somatic complaints and may even adapt a sick role

CLUSTER C:

Plays the role of the martyr who:

“SACRIFICES

EVERYTHING FOR

OTHERS”

CLUSTER C:

They can be angry or bitter, complaining:

“NO ONE CAN FIGURE OUT WHAT’S WRONG WITH

ME. I JUST HAVE TO

SUFFER. IT’S MY BAD

LUCK!”