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# CIRCLES

## By: WINNIE W. POLI

Teacher III, Math Dept. MNHS
Circle, Point circle or No Circle
Determine whether the following equations
represent a circle, a point or have no graph.
1) 1
2

2
= 0
2)
2
+
2
+ 2 + 1 = 0
3)
2
+
2
+ = 0
4)
2
+
2
+ 2 + 10 +26 = 0
5)
2
+
2
3 + 3 +10 = 0
Circle, Point circle or No Circle
0 1 ) 6
2 2
= + + y x
0 6 ) 7
2 2
= + y y x
0 15 8 ) 8
2 2
= + + x y x
0 40 5 7 ) 9
2 2
= + + y x y x
0 40 2 4 ) 10
2 2
= + + + y x y x
Geogebra: A Solution to
Problems Involving Circles
By WINNIE W. POLI
Teacher III, MNHS , Math Dept.
Transforming General Form to
Standard Form
Reduce the equation of the circle below into its
standard form and sketch the circle.
0 2 5 2 3 3
2 2
= + + + y x y x
Solution:
0 2 5 2 3 3
2 2
= + + + y x y x
0
3
2
3
5
3
2
2 2
= + + + y x y x
36
25
9
1
3
2
3
5
2
1
3
5
3
2
2
1
3
2
2
2
2
2
+ + =
|
|
.
|

\
|
(

- + +
|
|
.
|

\
|
(

- + + y y x x
36
5
36
25 4 24
6
5
3
1
=
+ +
=
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
+ y x
Problem 1
Find the equation of
the circle centered at
(-3, 5) and tangent to
the x axis.
Problem 2
Find the equation of
the circle centered at
(-3, 5) and tangent to
the y axis.
Problem 3
Find the equation of
the circle centered at
(-3, 5) and tangent to
the line x 2y +3 = 0
Problem 4
A circle with radius 5 is
centered at (-2, 4). A
line is tangent to this
circle at (-5,8). Find an
equation of the line
Problem 5
A circle with radius 4 is
centered at (-2, -3).
Find the equation of the
tangent lines from an
external point (3, 7).
Problem 6
A circle is tangent to
the line 2x y + 1 = 0
at the point (2,5) and
the center is on the
line x + y = 9. Find
the equation of the
circle.
Practice Exercises
Find the equation of the circle satisfying
the following conditions.
1. Center (2, -6) , radius 5
2. Center (1/2 , -3), radius
3. The line segment joining A(5, -1) and
B(-7,-5) is a diameter
4. The center is at (4,2) and passes
through (-1, -1).
11
Practice Exercises
5. The circle is tangent to the x axis and the
center is at (-4, 1).
6. The circle is tangent to the y axis and the
center is at (3, 5).
7. The circle is tangent to the line 3x 4y = 32
and the center is at (0,7).
8. The circle is tangent to the line x + y = 2 at
the point (4,-2) & the center is on the x
axis.
Practice Exercises
9. The circle is tangent to the line 3x 4y
= 4 at the point (-4,-4) and the center
is on the line x + y + 7 = 0.
10. The circle is tangent to the line 4x
3y + 12 = 0 at the point (-3,0) and
also tangent to the line 3x+4y 16 = 0
at the point (4,1)
Practice Exercises
a. A circle with radius 3 is centered at
(2, -3). Find the equation of the
tangent lines from an external point
(7, -3).
b. A circle with radius 5 is centered at
(1, 4). Find the equation of the
tangent lines from an external
point (-,6 -3).