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Parametric

Nonparametric

Parametric

Non Parametric

Information about population is completely known Specific assumptions are made regarding the population Null hypothesis is made on parameters of the population distribution

No information about the population is available No assumptions are made regarding the population The null hypothesis is free from parameters

Parametric
Test statistic is based on the distribution Parametric tests are applicable only for variable No parametric test excist for Norminal scale data

Non Parametric
Test statistic is arbritary It is applied both variable and artributes Non parametric test do exist for norminal and ordinal scale data

Parametric test is powerful, if it exist

It is not so powerful like parametric test

Parametric

The z test is a general parametric test used to determine the randomness of samples from a population obtained from the sample mean with expected population mean.

Where, x = Standardized random variable x = Mean of the data = Population standard deviation.

Where, x1 = Mean of first set of values x2 = Mean of second set of values S1 = Standard deviation of first set of values S2 = Standard deviation of second set of values n1 = Total number of values in first set n2 = Total number of values in second set.

To interpret the result of a T-test consult the T-test critical value distribution

Degree of Freedom-This refers to a positive whole number that indicates the lack of restrictions in our calculations. The degree of freedom is the number of values in a calculation that we can vary. df=(k-1)(r-1)

If the calculated t value exceeds the tabulated value we say that the means are dependent to one another. The null hypothesis is rejected. If the calculated t value is lesser than the tabulated value we say that the means are not dependent to one another. The null hypothesis is accepted.

The F-Test is a one-way analysis of variance or one-way ANOVA or Analysis of Variance.


It is used when the study compares the means of two or more groups.

S1 - the sample variance of population 1 S2 - the sample variance of population 2

To interpret the result of a F-test consult the F-test distribution table

If the calculated f value exceeds the tabulated value we say that the null hypothesis is rejected. If the calculated f value is lesser than the tabulated value we say that the null hypothesis is accepted.

is the non-parametric analog of two-way ANOVA.

this test looks for the significance of differences among three or more groups on a variable under study.

is the non-parametric counterpart of the independent T test.

The Chi-Square Goodness of Fit Test The Chi-Square test of association