Você está na página 1de 22

# Kuliah 9a: ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF PENGENALAN

## Azizi Che Seman

Jabatan Syariah & Ekonomi Akademi Pengajian Islam Universiti Malaya azizi@um.edu.my azizics@gmail.com 03-79676087

## Analisis Data Kuantitatif

Quantification of data
Univariate Analysis

Subgroup Comparisons
Bivariate Analysis

## Developing Code Categories

Two basic approaches:
Beginning with a coding scheme derived from the research purpose. Generate codes from the data.

## Azizi Che Seman

Codebook Construction
Purposes:
Primary guide used in the coding process. Guide for locating variables and interpreting codes in the data file during analysis.
IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman

Entering Data
Data entry specialists enter the data into an SPSS data matrix or Excel spreadsheet.
Optical scan sheets. Part of the process of data collection.

## Azizi Che Seman

Quantitative Analysis
Univariate - simplest form,describe a case in terms of a single variable.
Bivariate - subgroup comparisons, describe a case in terms of two variables simultaneously. Multivariate - analysis of two or more variables simultaneously.
IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman

Univariate Analysis
Describing a case in terms of the distribution of attributes that comprise it.
Example: Gender - number of women, number of men.
IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman

## Presenting Univariate Data

Goals:
Provide reader with the fullest degree of detail regarding the data. Present data in a manageable from.

## Azizi Che Seman

Subgroup Comparisons
Describe subsets of cases, subjects or respondents.
Examples "Collapsing" response categories. Handling "don't knows."

## Azizi Che Seman

Bivariate Analysis
Describe a case in terms of two variables simultaneously.
Example:
Gender Attitudes toward equality for men and women

## Constructing Bivariate Tables

Divide cases into groups according to the attributes of the independent variable.
Describe each subgroup in terms of attributes of the dependent variable. Read the table by comparing the independent variable subgroups in terms of a given attribute of the dependent
IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman

Multivariate Analysis
Analysis of more than two variables simultaneously.
Can be used to understand the relationship between two variables more fully.

## Azizi Che Seman

ISTILAH-ISTILAH PENTING

Quantitative analysis Numerical representation and manipulation of observations for the purpose of describing and explaining the phenomena that those observations reflect.

## Azizi Che Seman

Codebook Document that describes the locations of variables and lists the assignments of codes to the attributes composing those variables.

## Azizi Che Seman

Univariate analysis Describes a case in terms of a single variable - the distribution of attributes that comprise it. Frequency distribution Description of the number of times that the various attributes of a variable are observed in a sample.
ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman

## IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan

Average Measure of central tendency. Mean Result of diving the sum of the values by the total number of cases.

## Azizi Che Seman

Mode The most frequently occurring attribute. Median Middle attribute in the ranked distribution of observed attributes.

## Azizi Che Seman

Dispersion Refers to the way values are distributed around some central value.

## Azizi Che Seman

Continuous variable Increases steadily in tiny fractions. Discrete variable Jumps from category to category without intervening steps.

## Azizi Che Seman

Bivariate analysis Analysis of two variables simultaneously. Focus is on the variables and the empirical relationships. Contingency tables Values of the dependent variable are contingent on values of the independent variable.
ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman