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Kuliah 9a: ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman


Jabatan Syariah & Ekonomi Akademi Pengajian Islam Universiti Malaya azizi@um.edu.my azizics@gmail.com 03-79676087

Analisis Data Kuantitatif


Quantification of data
Univariate Analysis

Subgroup Comparisons
Bivariate Analysis

Introduction to Multivariate Analysis

IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan

ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Developing Code Categories


Two basic approaches:
Beginning with a coding scheme derived from the research purpose. Generate codes from the data.

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ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Codebook Construction
Purposes:
Primary guide used in the coding process. Guide for locating variables and interpreting codes in the data file during analysis.
IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman

Entering Data
Data entry specialists enter the data into an SPSS data matrix or Excel spreadsheet.
Optical scan sheets. Part of the process of data collection.

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ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Quantitative Analysis
Univariate - simplest form,describe a case in terms of a single variable.
Bivariate - subgroup comparisons, describe a case in terms of two variables simultaneously. Multivariate - analysis of two or more variables simultaneously.
IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman

Univariate Analysis
Describing a case in terms of the distribution of attributes that comprise it.
Example: Gender - number of women, number of men.
IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman

Presenting Univariate Data


Goals:
Provide reader with the fullest degree of detail regarding the data. Present data in a manageable from.

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ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Subgroup Comparisons
Describe subsets of cases, subjects or respondents.
Examples "Collapsing" response categories. Handling "don't knows."

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ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Bivariate Analysis
Describe a case in terms of two variables simultaneously.
Example:
Gender Attitudes toward equality for men and women

IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan

ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Constructing Bivariate Tables


Divide cases into groups according to the attributes of the independent variable.
Describe each subgroup in terms of attributes of the dependent variable. Read the table by comparing the independent variable subgroups in terms of a given attribute of the dependent
IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman

Multivariate Analysis
Analysis of more than two variables simultaneously.
Can be used to understand the relationship between two variables more fully.

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ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

ISTILAH-ISTILAH PENTING

Quantitative analysis Numerical representation and manipulation of observations for the purpose of describing and explaining the phenomena that those observations reflect.

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ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Codebook Document that describes the locations of variables and lists the assignments of codes to the attributes composing those variables.

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ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Univariate analysis Describes a case in terms of a single variable - the distribution of attributes that comprise it. Frequency distribution Description of the number of times that the various attributes of a variable are observed in a sample.
ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman

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Average Measure of central tendency. Mean Result of diving the sum of the values by the total number of cases.

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ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Mode The most frequently occurring attribute. Median Middle attribute in the ranked distribution of observed attributes.

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ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Dispersion Refers to the way values are distributed around some central value.

Standard deviation Index of the amount of variability in a set of data.

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ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Continuous variable Increases steadily in tiny fractions. Discrete variable Jumps from category to category without intervening steps.

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ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman

Bivariate analysis Analysis of two variables simultaneously. Focus is on the variables and the empirical relationships. Contingency tables Values of the dependent variable are contingent on values of the independent variable.
ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN Azizi Che Seman

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Multivariate analysis Analysis of more than two variables simultaneously.

IXEH2207 Metodologi Penyelidikan

ANALISIS DATA KUANTITATIF: PENGENALAN

Azizi Che Seman