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ALTERNATE FUEL

Submitted by:
Manoj Kr. Baid. Mayank Mahor Gurudev Singh.

CONTENTS
Definition and Need Biofuel Alcohol Fuels Natural Gas Nuclear Power Advantages and Disadvantages Conclusion

Alternative fuels, known as non-conventional or advanced fuels, are any materials or substances that can be used as fuels, other than conventional fuels.

Conventional Fuels: Fossil fuels (petroleum (oil), coal, propane, and natural gas).

Need:
Price rise of Gas Increase in Carbon Di Oxide level.

BIOFUEL
A biofuel is a fuel that contains energy from geologically recent carbon fixation. These fuels are produced from living organisms.
Biomass (Wood, Manure etc.)

Algae-based fuels
Biodiesel

Biofuel development in India centers mainly around the cultivation and processing of Jatropha plant seeds which are very rich in oil (40%).

ALCOHOL FUEL
Throughout history, alcohol has been used as a fuel. The first four aliphatic alcohols (methanol, ethanol, propanol and butanol) are of interest as fuels because they can be synthesized chemically or biologically, and they have characteristics which allow them to be used in internal combustion engines.

Ethanol: Ethanol is produced from crops such as corn, grain sorghum, sugar cane, wheat, and biomass, which is agricultural waste. Methanol: Methanol, also known as wood alcohol, is an alternative fuel that can be produced from any carbon-based source, such as natural gas, coal, wood wastes, and seaweed.

NATURAL GAS
Compressed natural gas: Methane stored at high pressure. CNG is made by compressing natural gas (which is mainly composed of methane, CH4), to less than 1 percent of the volume it occupies at standard atmospheric pressure. CNG may be found above oil deposits, or may be collected from landfills or wastewater treatment plants.

Liquefied natural gas: Natural gas (predominantly methane, CH4) that has been converted to liquid form for ease of storage or transport.

NUCLEAR POWER
Nuclear power is any nuclear technology designed to extract usable energy from atomic nuclei via controlled nuclear reactions.

Nuclear power is usually used by using a nuclear reactor to heat a working fluid such as water, which is then used to create steam pressure, which is converted into mechanical work for the purpose of generating electricity or propulsion in water. Today, more than 15% of the world's electricity comes from nuclear power, and over 150 nuclear-powered naval vessels have been built.

ADVANTAGES:
Better for Environment Close to unlimited amount of cheap energy.

DISADVANTAGES:
we can't make nearly enough.

CONCLUSION
There are many different alternative fuel options being developed right now. For those who would like to make a change right now, many of the options are already available and would be suitable for day to day life. But for those of you who would like to stay in the mainstream, the future is looking promising with many alternatives that are inexpensive, efficient, and are environment friendly. By making the right choices and further developing these technologies we have to power to save the planet.