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Principles of Design

= the organization of a work of art


1. Write the definition of each principle (5 pts each) 2. Draw a design that illustrates each principle. (5 pts each)

The Design Principles of Visual Arts

Rhythm Movement Balance Proportion

Variety Emphasis Unity

Rhythm
= Repeating an element over and over in a work of art; similar to pattern; like the beat of artwork

THINK: Music, dance -beat.


* bum bum bum

Occurs when movement is repeated Used to direct your eye See how RHYTHM is created

Rhythm in the Elements of Art: DRAW a pattern like these


Line Shape Texture

Space

Color

Value

Movement
= an illusion of motion; when your eye follows a path; caused by repetition and rhythm Your eye will move around an artwork because of the way the artist repeated things Adds excitement See Movement created by pattern in art

Movement in the Elements of Art: DRAW 1 type of movement

Line

Shape

Texture

Space

Color

Value

Balance
= a sense of stability in the body of work; a feeling of equal weight. See Balance in art

An experiment with balance

Not Balanced

Formal or Symmetrical = when the 2 sides are equal

Formal Balance

Informal or Asymmetrical = There is balance, but the two sides are not the same

Informal Balance

Formal Balance

Informal Balance

in the Elements of Art


Line Shape Texture
Formal

Balance

Informal Informal
Informal

Informal Formal

Space

Color

Value

Proportion
= (scale) refers to the relationships of the size of objects in a body of work. Artists learned that distorting or exaggerating proportion could alter the effect of a work on the viewer Artists can show what is important by changing the sizes of objects ** DRAW a person with an exaggerated feature

Examples of PROPORTION

Variety
Variety is the spice of life!!! = Differences in artwork; You can achieve variety by using difference shapes, textures, colors and values in your work. Adds visual interest; keeps your eye looking

Examples of VARIETY in art:

** (choose 2) DRAW a variety of either lines, shapes, textures

Emphasis
= One object or area that stands out or attracts attention, an area of interest that is important

AKA focal point


Created with strong contrast, highlights, large size

ONLINE ACTIVITY:
Find the FOCAL POINT!

DRAW 1 of these to show how one part is emphasized ** notice how 1 is different in each group

Emphasis: in the Elements of Art:

Line

Shape

Texture

Space

Color

Value

Unity
= everything fits together as a whole; AKA harmony Your work should not appear disjointed or confusing. Lines, shapes, colors, textures, value or space fit together to form one unit Composition appears to be a whole not a collection of parts

Examples of UNITY/Harmony:

Unity: in the Elements of Art: DRAW 1 of these to show Harmony

Line

Shape

Texture

Space

Color

Value

What have you learned about the

ELEMENTS:
Line Shape Space Texture Value Color Form

Elements and Principles of Visual Art?


PRINCIPLES
Variety Repetition Movement Rhythm Emphasis Balance Unity