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Security Level: intramural

LTE eNodeB License Management

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Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

About This Course

This course describes concepts about LTE eNodeB license management and end-to-end operations.

The intended readers of this course are Huawei customer


service engineers who want to understand Huawei LTE eNodeB license management and operations.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 1

Contents
1. License Key File 2. License Status 3. License Tool 4. License Scenarios

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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License Key File


1.1 LKF Structure 1.2 ESN 1.3 LKF Types

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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LKF

An LKF is an authorization to use a software program and consists of common segment, service segment, and feature segment.

The common segment contains customer name, license serial number (LSN), equipment serial number (ESN), product name, product version, and authorization type (commercial or noncommercial). The feature segment contains resources (such as 100 users), functions (such as support of short message service), expiration date of the resources and functions, and reservation period. The reservation period is 60 days after expiration of the resources and functions. During the reservation period, an expiration alert is sent every day.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 4

LKF Structure
Common Segment

Feature Segment

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 5

License Key File


1.1 LKF Structure 1.2 ESN 1.3 LKF Types

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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ESN

An ESN is a unique character string that identifies the


equipment. It ensures that the LKF is assigned to the correct equipment.

The ESN of an eNodeB is the ESN of the backplane in the


BBU where the main control board is installed.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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License Key File


1.1 LKF Structure 1.2 ESN 1.3 LKF Types

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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LKF Types
Type Description
An LKF created based on a business contract. In principles, a license certificate together with the electronic LKF must be issued to the customer. In a commercial LKF, the authorization type is COMM, all feature segments have the same expiration date (either permanent or a specific date), and the default grace period is 60 days. A temporary LKF used for verifying software functions during project implementation. All feature segments in a demo LKF contain the same expiration date. Demo LKFs are further classified into the following types: Demo LKF Demo LKFs valid for three months with ESN not set to ANY. An eNodeB can use this type of LFK up to three times. Demo LKFs valid for six months with ESN set to ANY. This type of LKF can be used only once for an R-level release (for example, V100R002) of an eNodeB. Demo LKFs valid for seven days with ESN not set to ANY. There are no restrictions as to the number of times that this type of LKF can be used within the seven-day time period. An LKF used in scenarios where a network needs to be frequently adjusted and license trial is required before purchase. Permanent & temporary LKF A permanent & temporary LKF contains temporary feature segments in addition to the contents of a commercial LKF. In a permanent & temporary LKF, the authorization type is COMM; permanent feature segments do not have expiration dates but temporary feature segments have. The control items in temporary feature segments can be only resource control items.

Commercial LKF

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 9

License Status
2.1 License Status of eNodeBs 2.2 States of Licenses

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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License Status of eNodeBs


An eNodeB may be in one of the following license states: default, demo, normal, emergency, and protected. Users can query license information on an M2000 client or run the DSP ENODEB command to query the license status of an eNodeB. At the new site construction stage, no license file is installed on the eNodeB. The license status of the eNodeB is "default".

At the engineering construction stage, a demo license file is installed on the eNodeB. The license status of the eNodeB is "demo".

At the engineering acceptance stage, the customer has installed the commercial LKF on the eNodeB. The license status of the eNodeB is "normal".

At the engineering maintenance stage, in an emergent situation such as earthquake, the license can be switched to the emergency state by running the SET LICENSECTRL command.

When the eNodeB is working, the eNodeB license enters the protected status in any of the following situations:

The check of the ESN or product version contained in the LKE fails,

The demo LKF expires.


The commercial LKF is revoked.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 11

License Status of eNodeBs Default License State

An operating eNodeB enters the default license state if either of the following conditions is true:

No valid LKF is installed on the eNodeB.


The eNodeB has been in the protected license state for 60 days.

In the default license state, the eNodeB uses the default values of the license items. The default values of Active User, Throughput Capacity, Carrier Bandwidth, and RF Output Power are 6, 5 Mbps, 5 MHz, and 0 W, respectively. All optional functions are disabled.

When an eNodeB enters the default license state, it reports a No License

Running in System alarm.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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License Status of eNodeBs Protected License State

An operating eNodeB enters the protected license state when any of the following conditions is met:

An ESN or Version check on its LKF fails.


Its demo LKF expires. Its commercial LKF is revoked.

In the protected license state, the eNodeB can operate at the licensed values for up to 60 days without affecting services. After 60 days elapse, the eNodeB enters the default license state.

When an eNodeB enters the protected license state, it reports a License

on Trial alarm.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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License Status of eNodeBs Demo License State

An operating eNodeB enters the demo license state when a demo LKF is installed on eNodeB. In a typical demo LKF, resource items are set to the maximum values and function items are all turned on.

When a demo LKF expires, the eNodeB status changes from the demo license state to the protected license state. An eNodeB can

stay in the protected license state for up to 60 days. After 60 days


elapse, the eNodeB enters the default license state.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 14

License Status of eNodeBs Normal License State

An operating eNodeB enters the normal license state when a commercial LKF is installed on the eNodeB. In the normal license state, the eNodeB operates within the licensed values defined in the LKF.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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License Status of eNodeBs Emergency License State

In special situations such as in a major holiday or an activity, the license can be switched to the emergency state. An eNodeB in the normal or demo license state enters the emergency license state when the emergency license is activated. In the emergency license state, the eNodeB operates with the maximum allowable traffic rate and the number of managed UEs can reach the maximum value, rather than confined to the licensed limits. In this way, the eNodeB avoid performance deterioration.

An eNodeB of an R-level release can enter the emergency license state up to three times and remain in that state for up to seven days each time.

When an eNodeB enters the emergency license state, it reports a License Emergency Status Activated event.

When the eNodeB exits the emergency license state, it reports a License Emergency Status Ceased event.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 16

License Status
2.1 License Status of eNodeBs 2.2 States of Licenses

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 17

States of Licenses

Default state
Protected state Emergency state Normal state

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 18

License Tool
3.1 Functions of the License Tool 3.2 Position of the License Tool in the System

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 19

Functions of the License Tool

The Batch Map NE to Order function makes it easy to import NE

information to the order that matches the NE and export the matching
information. The FNO system uses this matching information to create license files in batches for the eNodeBs.

The Adjust License function imports existing licenses from the NEs and redistributes them among the NEs. After redistributing the licenses, the Adjust License function exports license approval documents.

The Compare License Files function compares two license files. The

result shows the differences of the two license files. A user can use this
function to view the content of a license file.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 20

License Tool
3.1 Functions of the License Tool 3.2 Position of the License Tool in the System

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Position of the License Tool in the System

The input to the Batch Map NE to Order function is provided by the FNO and M2000. The output goes to the FNO.

The input to the Adjust License function is provided by the M2000 or the license file of the eNodeB. The output is Approval Files.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 22

License Scenarios
5.1 Obtaining a Demo License 5.2 Obtaining Commercial License 5.3 Adjusting License Capacity 5.4 Changing the ESN 5.5 Revoking a License File 5.6 Version Upgrade and Capacity Expansion

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 23

Obtaining a Demo License

During a new site construction, due to uncertainties in network


planning, the commercial license file cannot be determined. Therefore, a demo license file is installed. After the engineering commissioning is completed, the demo license file is replaced by a commercial license file.

Huawei engineers can obtain a demo license from the FNO. In this demo license file, the value of ESN is ANY and the validity period is 6 months. This demo license can be installed on any eNodeB to be deployed.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 24

Obtaining a Demo License

Operation direction: FNO -> M2000 Step 1: Log in to the FNO system at http://license.huawei.com using the user account and password of the China domain. Note: The GTS engineers can use the user account and password of the China domain to log in to the FNO of the latest version. If they have no permission, they must access the IT Account & Privilege Request database to apply for an FNO account. Step 2: Click Download Commissioning License in the navigation tree. The Download Commissioning License window is displayed.

Step 3: Click Search. In the displayed box, enter LTE and click Search to query the demo licenses of all versions of a product. Select the correct version.

Step 4: Select All from the Type drop-down list box..

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Obtaining a Demo License

Step 5: Select the expiration term and click Submit. The license key file is displayed. Step 6: click Save to save the file to the local disk.
If you select yes, the license key file has an expiration term of 180 days and is not bound to any ESN. If you select no, the license key file has an expiration term of 90 days or 7 days and is bound to an ESN. Specify the ESN and expiration term.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 26

License Scenarios
5.1 Obtaining a Demo License 5.2 Obtaining Commercial License 5.3 Adjusting License Capacity 5.4 Changing the ESN 5.5 Revoking a License File 5.6 Version Upgrade and Capacity Expansion

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 27

Obtaining Commercial License

The demo license installed during the new site construction has an expiration date. After the network becomes stable, a commercial license is generated and installed based on the actual situation.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 28

Obtaining Commercial License


Operation direction: M2000->FNO -> License Tool -> FNO -> M2000

NE information and ESN are obtained from the M2000 and provided to the License Tool. NE information License Tool matches site type and generates matching information and license capacity information. Matching information (xml) FNO generates license file package according to the matching information provided by the License Tool. License file (zip) Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 29 License Tool match Order information

FNO provides order information to the License Tool.

Automatic match Filtered match Forced match

FNO self-service application

Obtaining Commercial License

Query license status

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 30

License Scenarios
5.1 Obtaining a Demo License 5.2 Obtaining Commercial License 5.3 Adjusting License Capacity 5.4 Changing the ESN 5.5 Revoking a License File 5.6 Version Upgrade and Capacity Expansion

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 31

Adjusting License Capacity

After a commercial license file is installed, if the license capacity needs to be adjusted among eNodeBs due to change of the network planning, you can use the Adjust Capacity function of the License Tool. The license file information, ESN information, and revocation code are required. After the license capacity is adjusted, a new license file is generated. If the project has not passed the Preliminary Acceptance Certificate (PAC) point, online or offline self-service adjustment is available. If the project has passed the PAC, an approval must be obtained before the adjustment.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 32

Adjusting License Capacity Before the PAC Point

After a license file is activated before the PAC point, if the values of the license file are inconsistent with the actual values, the license capacity needs to be adjusted before the PAC point. The following rules must be met:

Rule 1: License adjustment is allowed among eNodeBs of the same customer.


Rule 2: License adjustment is allowed among eNodeBs of the same product and same VR versions. Rule 3: Only permanent license files are adjusted. Demo licenses, permanent temporary license files, and temporary license files are not adjusted.

Rule 4: Only resources are adjusted. Functions are not adjusted.


Rule 5: The total capacity must be unchanged before and after the adjustment. Rule 6: License adjustment is allowed only before the PAC point. Rule 7: A revocation code is required by the license adjustment.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 33

Adjusting License Capacity Before the PAC Point (Self-Service)


Operation direction
Online adjustment: M2000 -> FNO-> M2000 Offline adjustment: M2000-> License Tool -> FNO ->M2000

M2000 Obtain the revocation code of the license file to be adjusted.

License Tool (offline adjustment) Enter the license file information and revocation code.

FNO Offline adjustment: Import the adjusted license information to generate a new license file. Online adjustment: Enter the revocation code to adjust the license capacity and generate a new license file.

Note: Online adjustment is applicable to a small number of eNodeBs. Offline adjustment is applicable to a large number of eNodeBs.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 34

Adjusting License Capacity After the PAC Point

If engineers of the GTS department want to adjust the network after the PAC point, they must submit an application. The application must be approved.

The following rules must be met:


Rule 1: License adjustment is allowed among eNodeBs of the same customer. Rule 2: License adjustment is allowed among eNodeBs of the same product and same VR versions. Rule 3: Only permanent license files are adjusted. Demo licenses, permanent temporary license files, and temporary license files are not adjusted. Rule 4: Only resources are adjusted. Functions are not adjusted. Rule 5: The total capacity must be unchanged before and after the adjustment. Rule 6: A revocation code is required by the license adjustment.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 35

Adjusting License Capacity After the PAC Point


Operation direction: M2000-> License Tool -> Lotus Notes Workflow -> M2000

M2000 Export the license file information and revocation code.

License Tool

Enter the license file information and revocation code to the License Tool.

Download an application form at http://w3.huawei.com/domino app/isc/license/platform.nsf/f mDatabase?ReadForm and submit the application for approval.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 36

License Scenarios
5.1 Obtaining a Demo License 5.2 Obtaining Commercial License 5.3 Adjusting License Capacity 5.4 Changing the ESN 5.5 Revoking a License File 5.6 Version Upgrade and Capacity Expansion

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 37

Changing the ESN

In case of ESN change or license file transfer between eNodeBs, the license file becomes unavailable. In this case, the ESN contained in the license file needs to be changed.

Before changing the ESN, revoke the license file, obtain the ESN information and revocation code, and generate a new license file.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 38

Changing the ESN


Operation direction:
M2000 -> FNO-> M2000

M2000 Export revocation code and ESN in batches

FNO Enter the revocation code and ESN to generate a new license file.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 39

License Scenarios
5.1 Obtaining a Demo License 5.2 Obtaining Commercial License 5.3 Adjusting License Capacity 5.4 Changing the ESN 5.5 Revoking a License File 5.6 Version Upgrade and Capacity Expansion

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 40

Revoking the License

If due to ESN change or adjustment of the license capacity, a new license file is needed to replace the existing commercial license file, the existing commercial license file must be revoked and a revocation code be obtained before an application for a new license file is submitted. To revoke a license file is to recycle the authorized license key, ensuring that the license key is no longer used by the eNodeB. Run the RVK LICENSE command to revoke a license file. After the license file is revoked, the eNodeB returns a license revocation code. A license revocation code is a character string generated by the RVK LICENSE command. The FNO uses this revocation code to determine that the license file uniquely mapped to this revocation code is revoked. The license revocation code is an evidence of license key invalidation and is a prerequisite for applying new license key. After being revoked, the license enters the protected state; the services on the eNodeB are unaffected for 60 days. After the license file is revoked, the eNodeB reports the License on Trial alarm.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 41

Rolling Back a Revoked License File

Objective

Before upgrading an R version, the existing license file must be revoked. If the upgrade fails, the new license file needs to roll back to the existing license file. Currently, the system does not support batch rollback of license files.

Current implementation

Enter revocation code.

Current method

To roll back to the original license file, enter the revocation code of the original license file. No batch operation is available.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 42

License Scenarios
5.1 Obtaining a Demo License 5.2 Obtaining Commercial License 5.3 Adjusting License Capacity 5.4 Changing the ESN 5.5 Revoking a License File 5.6 Version Upgrade and Capacity Expansion

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 43

Version Upgrade and Capacity Expansion

If the traffic volume increases or new services are launched, the customer may want to upgrade the R version or expand the capacity. In this case, the license file must be upgraded or capacity-expanded.

Before upgrading or capacity-expanding the license file, obtain the license file and ESN information of the eNodeB and the revocation code. The upgrade or capacity expansion of the license file must be performed by Huawei engineers.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 44

Upgrading an R-Level Version

NE information

License Tool match

Order information (FNO)

Automatic match Matching information (.xml) Filtered match

Forced match

FNO self-service application

License file (.zip)


Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 45

Optional

References

LTE eNodeB License Operation Guide for GTS Engineers.doc


Huawei License Control Specifications V1.0.doc

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Acronyms and Abbreviations


Acronyms and Abbreviations ESN LSN FNO PAC Full Name electronic serial number license serial number FlexNet Operations System Preliminary Acceptance Certificate

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Thank you
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