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Global News Agencies

Prepared by: Md. Mahbubul Haque Osmani Lecturer, MSJ, ULAB

4 big Global News Agencies

1. Agence-France Presse (AFP)(France), 1835 2. Associated Press (AP)(USA), 1848 3. Reuters(UK), 1851 4. United Press International (USA), 1958

Agence France- Presse is headquartered in Paris The agency was founded in 1835 by a Parisian translator and advertising agent, Charles-Louis Havas as Agence Havas. Two of his employees, Paul Reuter and Bernhard Wolff, later set up rival news agencies in London and Berlin respectively Provides services in six languages: French, English, German, Spanish, Portuguese and Arabic.

The French government is a major shareholder, and to this day retains a stake of slightly under 50 percent. Guarantees its clients total objectivity, editorial quality and reliability. Currently, its CEO is Emmanuel Hoog and its news director Philippe Massonnet

American multinational non-profit news agency headquartered in New York City, founded in 1848 Owned by its contributing newspapers, radio and television stations in the United States Describes itself as the backbone of the world's information system Stated mission is to provide factual coverage to all parts of the globe for use by the media around the world.

Founded in London in 1851 by Paul Julius Reuter to distribute financial information. The Reuter agency was established in 1851 by Paul Julius Reuter in Britain at the London Royal Exchange. Paul Reuter worked at a book-publishing firm in Berlin and was involved in distributing radical pamphlets at the beginning of the Revolutions in 1848. The first newspaper client to subscribe was the London Morning Advertiser in 1858

Reuters was the first to report Abraham Lincolns assassination among other major stories. Almost every major news outlet in the world currently subscribes to Reuters. Reuters operates in more than 200 cities in 94 countries in about 20 languages. Editorial policies based on independence, integrity and freedom from bias.

United Press International Founded in1958 as United Press International 1907 as United Press Associations Headquarters Washington, D.C., United States Frank Bartholomew, the last UP president UP emerged with the International News Service, a news agency that had been founded by William Randolph Hearst in 1909

Bartholomew succeeded in putting the "I" in UPI on May 24, 1958 UP and INS merged to become United Press International. The new UPI now had 6,000 employees and 5,000 subscribers, about a thousand of them newspapers

Since 1982, it has become much smaller, with a different customer base and product focus. UPI was purchased in May 2000 by the Unification Church's media corporation, News World Communications, which, at the time, also owned The Washington Times and newspapers in South Korea, Japan, and South America.

Cable News Network: founded by Ted Turner in 1980 as a 24- hour news channel Became famous internationally with its live coverage of the 1991 Gulf War Main market is the US, but CNN International has 160 million subscribers outside the US. Our brand is about journalistic credibility Chris Cramer, managing director, CNN International

Founded 18 October 1922 Founder(s) John Reith and George Villiers Headquarters Broadcasting House, London The first transmission was on 14 November of that year BBC News is the largest broadcast news gathering operation in the world now

A semi-autonomous public service broadcaster[operates under a Royal Charter A licence and agreement from the Home Secretary. Within the United Kingdom its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee, the level of the fee is set annually by the British Government and agreed by Parliament.