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Telecom Industry

 Indian telecommunications industry is one of the

fastest growing in the world.
 India is projected to become the second largest
telecom market globally by 2010.
 India added 113.26 million new customers in
2008, the largest globally. In fact, in April
2008, India had already overtaken the US as
the second largest wireless market
 The country’s cellular base witnessed close to 50
per cent growth in 2008, with an average 9.5
million customers added every month
Major Players
There are three types of

players in telecom

• -State owned companies


• -Private Indian owned

companies (Reliance
Infocomm, Tata

• -Foreign invested
companies (Hutchison-
Essar, Bharti Tele-Ventures,
Escotel, Idea Cellular, BPL

Mobile, Spice


 3G (Third Generation) is the latest wireless

 It is also known as UMTS (Universal Mobile
Telecommunications System)
 3G cellular phones were first launched in
Japan in October 2001
 3G phone was designed so users would be
able to surf the Internet, view pictures of
the people they are talking to, watch
movies and listen to music on their
handsets .
 It providing wireless access to the data &
information to the user from anywhere &
Evolution from 1G to 3G

Ø 1G- First-generation wireless, telephone


Ø 2G - Digital mobile phones, including those that use

GSM, CDMA or TDMA networks data-transfer rates
ranging from 9.6 kb/s to 19.2 kb/s.
Ø 2.5G- i-mode data services, camera phones,high speed
circuit-switched data(HSCSD),General packet radio
service(GPRS). Data transfer rates ranging from 56 kb/s
to 170 kb/s.
Ø 3G-Handle streaming video, two-way voice over IP, and
Internet content with high-quality graphics and plug-ins
to a wireless phone. maximum data rate of 2 Mb/s.

GSM evolution to 3G
 How GSM Delivers 3G Services Today with
 GSM delivers 3G Services today with EDGE - Enhanced Data rates for Global

EDGE in Summary
Ø EDGE triples GPRS capacity while increasing overall packet data performance

Ø EDGE is a simple low cost add-on to existing GSM networks

Ø EDGE does not require new cell planning or frequency planning

Ø EDGE provides a necessary first step for a common GSM/WCDMA network

Ø EDGE is the easiest path from GSM/GPRS to 3G high-speed data services,

whether alone, or in combination with WCDMA.
Advantages of 3G
 Telecommunications is up to 2 Megabits per
 3G cellular phones also have conventional
voice, fax and data services, as well as
high-resolution video and multimedia
 Includes mobile office services such as
virtual banking and online-billing, video
conferencing, online entertainment and
access to the Internet.
 Watch television shows on your phone.
 Video conversations with other people who
also use the same 3G technology
How 3G works
Ø Simplex and Duplex
Ø Symmetric and Asymmetric transmission
Ø 3G geographical cells

3G in India
 3G is going to come in two different
 Firstly, existing operators with 2G or 2.5G
technology are going to upgrade to 3G.
 Secondly, many new operators and some
foreign players are also going to enter
the market with 3G.
 Secondly, many new operators and some
foreign players are also going to enter
the market with 3G.

Upgrade from 2G to 3G
 The biggest piece is their whole network,
the network and bandwidth that they
have to upgrade. For instance, if we
announce a relationship with Bharti for
their 78,000-km fibre optic network. As
you rollout networks, you need to get
the most out of them. It has to be
optimal and offer very high efficiency
and integrity.
 As different devices connect to the network,
you need to know what they are since
security is a major issue. When you have a
network of that huge length, knowing
everything that connects to the network is a
very expensive task. We have built
technology,that helps you know what’s on
your network. All this translates to better
customer service.