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SIX- STROKE

ENGINES
Karunesh Piwania
08107077
SIX - STROKE ENGINES
The six-stroke engine is a type of internal combustion
engine based on the four-stroke engine, but with
additional complexity to make it more efficient and
reduce emissions. Two different types of six-stroke engine
have been developed since the 1990s:
1. In the first approach, the engine captures the heat
lost from the four-
stroke Otto cycle or Diesel cycle and uses it to power an
additional power and exhaust stroke of the piston in the
same cylinder. Designs use either steam or air as the
working fluid for the additional power stroke.
2. The second approach to the six-stroke engine uses
a second opposed piston in each cylinder that moves at
half the cyclical rate of the main piston, thus giving six
piston movements per cycle.

EXAMPLES OF THE TYPES OF
ENGINES:
THOSE WHICH FOLLOW THE FIRST APPROACH:
Crower six-stroke engine
Bajulaz engine
Velozeta Six-stroke engine
THOSE WHICH FOLLOW SECOND APPROACH:
Beare Head
M4+2
Piston charger engine.







CROWERS SIX STROKE ENGINE
In a six-stroke engine
developed in the U.S.
by Bruce Crower, fresh
water is injected into the
cylinder after the exhaust
stroke, and is quickly
turned to
superheated steam,
which causes the water
to expand to 1600 times
its volume and forces the
piston down for an
additional stroke.
VELOZETA SIX STROKE ENGINE
The first four strokes are
the same as a four stroke
internal combustion
engine . After the
exhaust stroke, instead
of air/fuel mixture ( as in
case of petrol engines)
fresh air is sucked into
the cylinder from the air
filter, and which is
removed during the sixth
stroke.
BAZULAZ SIX STROKE ENGINE
According to its mechanical design, the six-stroke
engine with external and internal combustion and
double flow is similar to the actual internal
reciprocating combustion engine.
However, it differentiates itself entirely, due to
its thermodynamic cycle and a modified cylinder
head with two supplementary chambers:
a combustion and an air heating chamber, both
independent from the cylinder. Combustion, does
not occur within the cylinder but in the
supplementary combustion chamber, does not act
immediately on the piston.

ENGINE DIAGRAM
1. Intake valve
2. Heating chamber
valve
3. Combustion chamber
valve
4. Exhaust valve
5. Cylinder
6. Combustion chamber
7. Air heating chamber
8. Wall of combustion
chamber
9. Fuel injector
10. Heater plug
SIX STROKE ENGINE
EXPLANATION
During 1
st
and 2
nd
stroke, the air the combustion
chamber (6) can receive injection of fuel and ignition is
triggered.
1
st
stroke :Intake of pure air in
cylinder(5).
Valve (1) is open.
2
nd
stroke : Compression of
pure air in the heating
chamber(7) .Valve (2) is
open.
During 3
rd
and 4
th
stroke the temperature of the
pure compressed air in the heating chamber is
raised sharply by heat exchange from combustion
chamber.
3
rd
stroke: power stroke (work)
.Release of combustion gases in the
cylinder. Valve(3) is open.
4th stroke: exhaust of the
combustion gases.
Valve (4) is open.
5
th
stroke: Power stroke(work)
Release of pure gas in the
cylinder.
6
th
stroke: Recompression of
pure into the combustion
chamber.
M4+2 SIX STROKE ENGINE
The new conception of combustion engine is based on the
combination of two engines. It makes use of both two-and
four-stroke engine.
Both The cylinders of modules of double engine pistons have
been joined along one common axis with cylinder head - in
the form of the ring. The pistons are moved with different
speed and with appropriate stage displacement. There are
two crankshafts, which are connected with special
transmission. The four-stroke crankshaft is rotated with twice
the speed of two-stroke crankshaft.
PISTON CHARGER ENGINE
In this engine, a "piston charger"
replaces the valve system. The piston
charger charges the main cylinder and
simultaneously regulates the inlet and
the outlet aperture leading to no loss of
air and fuel in the exhaust.
In the main cylinder, combustion takes
place every turn as in a two-
stroke engine and lubrication as in
a four-stroke engine.
Fuel injection can take place in the
piston charger, in the gas transfer
channel or in the combustion chamber.
ADVANTAGES
Thermal efficiency reaching 50%. (30% for the actual
internal combustion engines)

Fuel consumption reduced by more than 40%.

Reduction of chemical, noise and thermal pollution.

Two expansions (work) through six strokes.

Direct injection and optimal fuel combustion at every
engine speed.

Multiple fuel, etc...


APPLICATIONS
Motorboats (inboard and outboard engines)
might offer a big outlet for this type of engine.
Their characteristics are perfectly suited to its use
(economy, safety, simplification, and reduction in
noise and pollution). Furthermore, the use of fuels
other than gasoline would greatly reduce the risks
of explosion.
Using non-fossil fuels of vegetable origin, natural
gases and others, in simple, robust engine,
operating with a minimum of adjustments and
non-pollutant, would offer great advantages
when provided for motor-pumps, generator sets,
stationary engines, etc....intended for agriculture
and industry.

THANK YOU