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In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside

the body.

The process involves monitoring a woman's ovulatory process, removing ovum or
ova (egg or eggs) from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a
fluid medium in a laboratory and then transferring it to the patient's uterus with the
intention of establishing a successful pregnancy.

The first successful birth of a "test tube baby", Louise Brown, occurred in 1978.
Louise Brown was born as a result of natural cycle IVF. Robert G. Edwards, the
physiologist who developed the treatment, was awarded the Nobel Prize in
Physiology or Medicine in 2010.
Know What Is IVF ?
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is one of several techniques available to help couples with
fertility problems to have a baby.
Why IVF Is Needed ?
Those Fertility Problems Includes :-

Endometriosis
Low sperm counts
Problems with the uterus or fallopian tubes
Problems with ovulation
Antibody problems that harm sperm or eggs
The inability of sperm to penetrate or
survive
in the cervical mucus
An unexplained fertility problem
Women under 40
women under 40 years should be offered three cycles
of IVF treatment on the NHS if:-
you have been trying to get pregnant through
regular unprotected intercourse for two years.

Women aged 40 to 42
women aged between 40 and 42 should be offered
one cycle of IVF on the NHS if:-
you have been trying to get pregnant through
regular unprotected intercourse for a total of two
years
you have not been able to get pregnant after 12
cycles of artificial insemination
you have never had IVF treatment before
you show no evidence of low ovarian reserve (this
is when eggs in the ovary are impaired or low in
number)
Who Can Have IVF ?
Step one:
Suppressing the natural monthly cycle

You are given a drug that will suppress
your natural menstrual cycle. This is
given either as a daily injection (which
you'll be taught to give yourself) or as
a nasal spray. You continue this for
about two weeks.
How IVF is performed ?
Step two:
Boosting the egg supply

Once your natural cycle is suppressed, you
take a fertility hormone called FSH (follicle
stimulating hormone). These fertility
hormones are known as Gonadotrophins.
This is another daily injection that you give
yourself, usually for about 12 days, but it
can vary depending on your response.
Step three:
checking on progress

The clinic will keep an eye on you throughout the drug treatment. You will have vaginal
ultrasound scans to monitor your ovaries and, in some cases, blood tests. About 34-36
hours before your eggs are due to be collected, you'll have a final hormone injection that
helps your eggs to mature.
Step four:
Collecting the eggs

For the egg collection, you'll be
sedated and your eggs will be
collected under ultrasound guidance.
This involves a needle being inserted
through the vagina and into each
ovary. The eggs are then collected
through the needle.
Step five:
Fertilising the eggs

The eggs that have been collected are mixed
with your partner's or the donor's sperm in the
laboratory. After 16-20 hours they're checked
to see if any have been fertilised.

The cells that have been fertilised (embryos)
continue to grow in the laboratory for one to
five days before being transferred into the
womb. The best one or two embryos will be
chosen for transfer.

After egg collection, you will be given
medicines, either progesterone or hCG
(chorionic gonadotrophin), to help prepare the
lining of the womb to receive the embryo. This
is given either as a pessary (which is placed
inside the vagina) or an injection
Step six:
Embryo transfer

Women under 37 in their first IVF cycle should only have a single embryo transfer. In their
second IVF cycle they should have a single embryo transfer if one or more top-quality
embryos are available. In the third IVF cycle, no more than two embryos should be
transferred.
Women aged 3739 years in the first and second full IVF cycles should also have single
embryo transfer no more than two embryos should be transferred.
For women aged 40-42 years, double embryo transfer can be considered.
All multiple embryo replacements carry the risk of a multiple pregnancy and birth.
Get in Touch :-
Dr. Rita Baskhi (IVF Surrogacy Specialist)
Online Consultations - 24/7
Email: possible@drritabakshi.com
Call or Mobile Chat: +91 8447592299
https://drritabakshi.com/ivf-india/