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Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer

Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer


One of the best fertilizers that can
be used on the plants is liquid
seaweed, yet this is probably the
last fertilizer people think of
utilizing. Liquid seaweed fertilizer
is not only organic, but comes
from a sustainable source and can
be harvested without damaging
the environment.

Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer


The extracts of selected fresh Seaweed (algae),
Sargassum wightii, which are Natural, Non-Toxic,
Harmless and Non-polluting, and rich in minor
elements and natural growth hormones and is extracted
by Fermentation Process. Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer
Zyme Liquid is a seaweed extract and is a designated
fertilizer for Organic and non-polluting Farming. Trace
elements found in seaweed organic fertilizers include
magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, and nitrogen -- all of
which are beneficial to crops and plants. Nitrogen, for
instance, is essential to the production of nitrate, a key
component needed by crops and plants during
photosynthesis.

Seaweed Extract Liquid

Seaweed Extract Liquid is a natural


Liquid product. It is produced from Sea
Algae by special Fermentation
Technology. It is manufactured by an
ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 Certified
Company. During its production, quality
control is strictly followed to preserve
seaweeds valuable ingredients.

Seaweed Extract Liquid

Seaweed Extract Liquid contains natural Growth


Hormones, aminoacids, vitamins, proteins,
carbohydrates and minerals important to plant growth.
Seaweed Extract Liquid is an extract obtained from
variety of marine algae and can be used for all crops.
Seaweed Extract Liquid is used countrywide
irrespective of type of soil to increase yield and
improve quality of harvest in crops such as paddy,
banana, grape, mango, turmeric, coconut, tea, coffee,
pepper, vanilla, vegetables plants and flowers.

Note: Each batch is tested and quantified by


germination trial before despatch.

Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer


One benefit of using a liquid seaweed fertilizer is
that can be varied the concentrations according to
the needs of using the fertilizer for, especially for
impressive results for growing vegetables.
Foliar application is no doubt the most efficient and
effective method of administering liquid seaweed to
plants . Liquid Seaweed extracts are 8 to 20 times
more effective when applied to the leaves then
when broadcast on the soil. Spray as a fine mist
until it drips off the plants surfaces and the plants
will immediately absorb the fertilizer and begin to
benefit from it by the second day.

Advantages of Using
Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer

It promotes additional buds when applied as the


plants are beginning to bud.
It extends the shelf life of fruits and vegetables if
applied 10 days before harvesting
It lengthens the life of cut flowers if they are
sprayed with Liquid Seaweed a day or two before
cutting.
Treating seeds or seed pieces with Liquid
Seaweed prior to planting will improve seed
germination, root growth, and early seedling
vigor.

Advantages of Using
Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer

Liquid Seaweed also can be used as a rooting


solution. Place cuttings in a solution of Liquid
Seaweed and water until roots develop, then plant.
When planting, water in with Liquid Seaweed
solution.
Liquid Seaweed applied to pasture crops increases
the nutrient uptake, the protein content, and
overall quality of the crop.
Seaweed organic fertilizers can be used as a soil
treatment to grow healthier, stronger, and more
disease-resistant plants.

Advantages of Using
Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer

A wide range of beneficial effects have been


reported from the use of liquid seaweed extracts
including increased crop yields, resistance of
plants to frost, increased uptake of inorganic
constituents from the soil, more resistance to
stress conditions and reductions in storage losses
of fruit.
Promotes vigorous growth and helps deter pests
and diseases on fruit, flowers, vegetables, lawns
etc.
Seaweed has more than 70 minerals, vitamins,
and enzymes.

Advantages of Using
Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer

Seaweed fertilizers are especially useful in organic


gardening. They contain almost every micro-nutrient in
a fully chelated (immediately available) form. They
deliver a healthy dose of natural plant hormones.
Seaweed is full of carbohydrates, which the plants use
as a building block and which large populations of
beneficial micro-organisms use as a food source.
Alginates, (sponge-like starches found in seaweed),
hold water droplets near the plant roots, making
moisture available to them without drowning them;
they also help enrich the soil by feeding myriad
beneficial microorganisms such as bacteria and tiny
fungi necessary to composting.

Advantages of Using
Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer

Research at major universities has shown that seeds soaked in


seaweed extract germinate more rapidly, have larger root mass,
stronger plant growth and higher survival rate. Soaking plant roots
in seaweed extract reduces transplant shock and speeds root
growth.
Several university studies have shown that seaweed can produce
dramatic results in plants: geraniums produced more flowers per
plant; grapes were sweeter; gladiolus corms grew larger; and
cucumber yields increased 40 percent and the fruits suffered less
often from softening and rotting. Improved yields after seaweed
treatments were measured in potatoes, sweet corn, peppers,
tomatoes, apples, strawberries, okra, and oranges. Better frost
tolerance, increased seed germination, and greater capacity to
absorb trace elements were other documented benefits for plants.

Advantages of Using
Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer

Seaweed fertilizers have many benefits. They provide natural


hormones and many nutrients not found in other forms of fertilizer.
Since most plants absorb their nutrients through the leaves, applying
this with a foliar method will benefit the plant even more. Foliar
simply means placing the fertilizer on the leaf itself. As the plant
absorbs the sunlight it needs, it will also be absorbing the nutrients
found in the fertilizer.
Another major component in liquid seaweed fertilizers are the
hormones. The main hormones in seaweed are auxins, gibbelerins,
cytokinins and betaines. The roles of these hormones are essential to
plant health. Most of these are only required in very small
proportions. There are many different auxins and they all have their
specific roles. Their main functions are the balanced control of speed
of growth. They have both growth stimulating as well as delaying
functions. They stimulate root-growth, prevent bud-forming or
opening at the wrong times

Advantages of Using
Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer

Seaweed can play an important role in the production of


the plant's own auxins, because the enzymes formed with
the help of trace elements from the liquid seaweed
fertilizer play an important role in the formation of these
auxins.
Cytokinins are another group of important plant
hormones. They initiate and activate basic growth
processes. The cytokinins available in liquid seaweed
extract stimulate growth with greater vigour, because
they mobilise nutrients in the leaves. They also provide
protection from marginal frost (to -3 C). Cytokinins also
retard the senescence (aging processes) in the plant.

Advantages of Using
Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer

Betaines play an essential role in the osmotic


processes in plants. They help to increase the water
uptake in plants and are extremely helpful in dry
conditions. Betaines are particularly helpful to
plants under stress.
Liquid seaweed fertilizers, (especially the alginates
in the seaweed) act as soil conditioners. The
alginates react with metals in the soil and form long
and cross-linked polymers in the soil. These
polymers improve the crumbing in the soil, and
swell up when they get wet, and retain moisture for
a long period.

Liquid Seaweed Fertilizer


Usage recommendations
Dilution rate is 1 part Extract to 80 parts water, i.e.
25ml of the Extract should be mixed with 2 litres of
water.
Crop & Plant Enhancer
Dressings:
Every 3 weeks during growing season, 250ml/500m2
/418 sq yards
Do not apply in the heat of the sun or in dirty windy
conditions. Early morning or late evening applications are
best. Best results will be achieved by making more frequent
applications every 2 to 3 weeks rather than increasing the
concentration of the spray solution.

VEGETABLE CROPS
BEANS, PEAS:

1st spray at 4 to 6-inch stage;


2nd spray at pre-flower;
3rd spray at bloom.

VEGETABLE CROPS
BROCCOLI, CAULIFLOWER & CABBAGE:

1st spray at 4 to 6-inch true leaf stage;


2nd spray at head initation.

VEGETABLE CROPS
CARROTS, ONIONS, LEEKS

1st spray when foliage is large enough to spray


2nd spray at root enlargement time

VEGETABLE CROPS
EGGPLANTS, PEPPERS

1st spray at 4 to 6-inch growth stage;


2nd spray at root enlargement time

VEGETABLE CROPS
TOMATOES
1st spray at 6 to 8-inch
growth stage
2nd spray at pre-bloom
3rd spary at fruit set
4th spray at
2 to 3 weeks later.

There are many trace elements in seaweed


fertilizers, such as: magnesium, potassium, zinc,
iron, and nitrogen - all of which are beneficial to
plants. For people that garden
Using seaweed as a fertilizer can help you produce
the best growing tomatoes in the following ways:
as a growth stimulator, it helps the plants form
flowers and fruit
helps fend off disease
aids the plants through times of stress, such as
drought, cold weather, and when transplanting

It is best to spray or water the diluted seaweed liquid


solution directly to the leaves, as it is absorbed
immediately. Using a seaweed spray routinely also can
improve the soil condition and flavor of the tomatoes.
Seaweed fertilizer is also available in a granular form
that can be distributed and mixed into the top layers of
the soil.
Another bonus of using seaweed in the field is that it is
a natural slug repellent. You can mulch with seaweed
near the bottom of your tomato plants or at the edge of
the beds. If you mulch up to 4 inches thick, it will
shrink down to about 1 inch when dry. Because the
seaweed is salty and becomes rough when dry, it deters
the slugs.

Recommendations
SEED TREATMENT:
To help break dormancy, coat seeds briefly in
a solution of 1 oz to 2 gals. of water.
TRANSPLANT SOLUTION:
Soak roots to help reduce transplant shock
briefly in a solution of 1 oz. per 2 gals. of
water prior to planting.

How to Grow Tomatoes


The important
considerations while
growing organic
tomatoes include
variety selection,
crop rotation, soil
fertility, pest control
and weed control.

Climate conditions
Tomato is a warm season crop, it requires warm and cool
climate. The plants cannot withstand frost and high humidity.
Also light intensity affects pigmentation, fruit colour, fruit set.
The plant is highly affected by adverse climatic conditions. It
requires different climatic range for seed germination, seedling
growth, flower and fruit set, and fruit quality. Temperature
below 100C and above 380C adversely affects plant tissues
thereby slow down physiological activities. It thrives well in
temperature 100C to 300C with optimum range of temperature is
21-240C. The mean temperature below 160C and above 270C
are not desirable. The plant doesnt withstand frost, it requires
low to medium rainfall, and does well under average monthly
temperature of 21 to 230C. Avoid water stress and long dry
period as it causes cracking of fruits. Bright sunshine at the time
of fruit set helps to develop dark red coloured fruits.

Soil Requiremnets
Tomatoes do very well on most mineral soils, but they
prefer deep, well drained sandy loams. Upper layer of soil
should be porous with little sand and good clay in the
subsoil. Soil depth 15 to 20cm proves to be good for healthy
crop. Deep tillage can allow for adequate root penetration in
heavy clay type soils, which allows for production in these
soil types.
Tomato is a moderately tolerant crop to a wide pH range. A
pH of 5.5- 6.8 is preferred. Though tomato plants will do
well in more acidic soils with adequate nutrient supply and
availability. Tomato is moderately tolerant to acid and soil
that is pH of 5.5. The soils with proper water holding
capacity, aeration, free from salts are selected for
cultivation.

Seeds
The seeds for sowing should be free from
inert matter. Early germinating, bold,
uniform in shape and size, seeds are
selected for sowing.
Hybrid seeds from F1 generation (5 days to
germinate, 21 seedlings, 70%) are
advantageous for sowing as it gives early
and high yield uniform fruity, resistant to
adverse environmental conditions.

Application of Fertilizer
As the fruit production and quality depends upon nutrient availability
and fertilizer application so balance fertilizer are applied as per
requirement. The nitrogen in adequate quantity increases fruit quality,
fruit size, color and taste. It also helps in increasing desirable acidic
flavor. Adequate amount of potassium is also required for growth,
yield and quality. Mono Ammonium Phosphate (MAP) may be used as
a starter fertilizer to supply adequate phosphorus during germination
and seedling stages. Calcium availability is also very important to
control soil pH and nutrient availability. Sandy soils will require a
higher rate of fertilizer, and more frequent applications of these
fertilizers due to increased leaching of essential nutrients. The
seedlings are sprayed with starter solution of micronutrient. Before
planting farm yard manure @ 50 ton per hectares should be
incorporated. Normally tomato crop requires 120kg Nitrogen (N), 50kg
Phosphorus (P2O5), and 50kg Potash (K2O). Nitrogen should be given
in split doses. Half nitrogen and full P2O5 is given at the time of
transplanting and remaining nitrogen is given after 30 days and 60
days of transplanting.

Irrigation
Tomatoes have been observed to withdraw water
from depths up to 13 feet in a well structured soil.
Tomato plants require adequate moisture
throughout their growth period. First irrigation is
required soon after seedlings are transplanted.
Frequent water is necessary in root zone when
plants are small. In summer irrigation at intervals
of 3-4 days and 10-15 days water is necessary to
maintain wet soil. Erratic moisture conditions can
cause radial and concentric cracking on fruit.

The important considerations

Purchase seed from reliable supplier.


To help break dormancy, coat seeds briefly in a
solution
of 1 oz to 2 gals. of water
Rotate land. At least 3 yrs,
Select EB resistant varieties when suitable.
Early maturing varieties have more EB.
Indeterminant varieties have less EB.
Mulch to interfere with spore dispersal.
Hairy vetch might induce resistance.
Rows parallel to prevailing wind.

The important considerations

Wide row and plant spacing.


Separate plantings.
Stake or trellise; disinfect first if used.
Optimum growing conditions.
Drip irrigate or overhead when leaf wetness
period minimally extended.
Work when foliage is dry.

The important considerations

Control weeds and volunteer tomato plants.


Rescue treatments start very early.
Use disease forecasting system.
Copper fungicides, Sonata biofungicide,
PlantShield

Incorporate crop residue promptly after


harvest.

Farm Production

Farm Production

Farm Production

Irrigation

Irrigation

Manual Weeding

Controlled Irrigation

Controlled Irrigation

The Crop

Ripening of Tamoto against sunburn

Collection of Tamotoes

Thanking You
G. Rajaretnam
Managing Partner
Kunnam Granite Works
raja@kunnam.com
Mobile: 91-9940061620