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ARTICLES

INGLÊS A – AULA 21
Indefinite Article: A, AN (um, uma)
 USOS:
 Somente com substantivos contáveis, no singular;
 Em expressões numéricas: a dozen, a hundred,
once a month, kilometers an hour;
 Em profissões: He’s an engineer; I’m a teacher.
 Inerjeições: What a pity! What a beautiful day!
 a: usado antes de palavras no singular
iniciadas por:
 consoante: a book, a boy, a cat
 u, e, ew com o som de iu: a university, a European,
a ewe
 one: a one-leg person
 Expressões numéricas: a dozen, a hundred, once a
month, kilometers an hour
 an: usado antes de palavras no singular
iniciadas por:
 vogal: an elephant; an old man
 H não pronunciado: an hour; an honor
Definite Article: The (o, a , os, as)
 Regras para uso do artigo definido em inglês:
 NOMES PRÓPRIOS: apenas para nomes de
família no plural: The Silvas; The Johnsons
 PAÍSES: apenas para os nomes no plural ou que
apresentam as palvras Union, United ou Republic:
The United Kingdom, The Netherlands, The United
States of America.
 ACIDENTES GEOGRÁFICOS: The Mississipi;
TheEverest
 INSTRUMENTOS MUSICAIS: the drums, the
guitar, the piano
 ADJETIVOS SUBSTANTIVOS: que representam
uma classe: the rich, the young
 SUPERLATIVOS: The best, the most beautiful, the
hottest
 ALGUMAS LOCALIDADES: The cathedral, the
movies, the office, the club, the theatre, the church,
the mall
 NUMERAIS ORDINAIS: the second, the eleventh
Attention!
 Além dos usos citados, em geral, emprega-
se o artigo indefinido ao se referir a algo
deconhecido ao interlocutor e o definido a
algo já conhecido:
 Annie is reading a book. (não se sabe qual é o
livro)
 Annie is reading the book for the Literature
exam. (sabemos de qual livro se trata)
 Não utilizamos artigos antes de
possessivos, em inglês.
 My sister is younger than me.
 Quando generalizamos, não
utilizamos artigos, em inglês.
 Life is good! (A vida é boa)
RESOLVA – 21 A
21.01) There was ____ book and ____ magazine left in
my house after the meeting; ___ book was on
grammar and ___ was from Germany.
a) a – the - the - a
b) the – a – a – the
c) a – a – the – a
d) a – a – the – the
e) a – a- a - the
21.01) There was a book and a magazine left in my
house after the meeting; the book was on
grammar and the was from Germany.

d) a – a – the – the
21.02) Select the proposition(s) ehich must be
completed with the articles in parentheses:
01. ___ my brother doesn’t like wathing TV (the)
02. John Baird was ____ scientist. (a)
04. Almost every house in ____ Brazil has a TV set.
(the)
08. ___ Mr. Jones prefers to watch sport events on TV.
(the)
16. ____ first TV set was very expensive. (the)
32.This is ____ best TV set I have ever seen. (the)
21.02) Select the proposition(s) ehich must be
completed with the articles in parentheses:

02. John Baird was ____ scientist. (a)


16. ____ first TV set was very expensive. (the)
32.This is ____ best TV set I have ever seen.
(the)

= 50
21.03) In which of these sentences we mustn’t use
the article the to complete the blanks?

a) ____ Statue of Liberty is visited by thousands of


tourists every year.
b) Lots of people enjoy ____ amount of time the spent
outdoors.
c) Richard Claydermann will play ___ piano for hundred
people in the theatre tomorrow.
d) Economically, ____ London is considered one of the
most important cities in Europe.
e) Who is ____ next to be interviewed?
21.03) In which of these sentences we mustn’t
use the article the to complete the blanks?

d) Economically, ____ London is


considered one of the most important
cities in Europe.
21.04) _____ man I don’t know has called you
but didn’t leave any message. ____ man just
told me he’d call again during ____ week after
next.

a) An – A - an
b) A – The - the
c) The – A - the
d) The – The - a
21.04) A man I don’t know has called you but
didn’t leave any message. The man just told
me he’d call again during the week after
next.

b) A – The - the
21.05) ____ air, ____ water and ____ food are ___
important elements for ____ life.

01. The – x – x- x - the


02. The – the – the – the - the
04. The – the – the – x – the
08. x – x – x – x – the
16. The – the – the – x – the
32. x – x – x – x – x
INGLÊS B – AULA 21 – TEXT 1
How do you know what an English teenager is
saying? Teen jargon changes so often that can be
hard to keep up. But a survey of school children
by Oxford Dictionaries has uncovered
uncover some of
their usage.
keep up : manter-se
survey= research: peaquisa
uncover: descobrir
reply: responder out favour: fora de uso
either… or…: ou… ou

If you are “eggy”, it means you’re stressed,


if you are “chonged”, you are tired. When
asked how you are “hanging”, you are
being asked about how are feeling. The
correct reply would either “high” (happy) or
“low” (sad). If you have fas a good time,
then you are “bankers”, “boyt” (boyfriend)
and “top banana” (excellent) that were
popular last year, are already out favour.
favour
RESOLVA – 21 B
21.01) Which of the following titles best
summarize(s) the topic the text? Select the
correct proposition(s):
01. The teenage culture of pop music
02. Teen-speak
04. A survey of adult language
08. American children an their jargon
16. The adolescents and their jargon
32. Conflicts and stress.
02. Teen-speak
16. The adolescents and their jargon
= 18
21.02)Select the correct proposition(s) according to the
text.

01. Boys and girls differ about the usage of their


language.
02. A survey has shown the way the English teenagers
speak.
04. A book gives information on where the teenagers
can use jargon.
08.British adolescents are not allowed to use jargon in
the pubs.
16. Most people like slangs.
32. Some words used by teenagers one year ago are
now out favour.
02. A survey has shown the way the English
teenagers speak.
32. Some words used by teenagers one year ago are
now out favour.

= 34
21.03) Complete the following sentence according to
the text:
Typical teenage language:

01. changes very frequently.


02. might be difficult to understand sometimes.
04. can express different feelings and opinions.
08. is used only in negative contexts.
16. appears in a special editions of the Oxford
Dictionary
21.03) Complete the following sentence according to
the text:
Typical teenage language:

01. changes very frequently.


02. might be difficult to understand sometimes.
04. can express different feelings and opinions.

= 07
21.04) Considering the topic of the text, select the
ending(s) that can meaningfully finish it.

01. As we can see, some of teen jargon changes very


fast.
02. Finally we could say that English teenagers don’t
like slangs.
04. However, can we say that all their jargon changes
so quickly?
08. Therefore they are not going say different words
anymore.
16. Of course British people hate speaking.
32. The survey revealed different aspects of our town.
21.04) Considering the topic of the text, select the
ending(s) that can meaningfully finish it.

As we can see, some of teen jargon


changes very fast.
= 01