Você está na página 1de 13

Pronunciation and accentuation

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

Consonants:

b and v have the same sound:


Baln, varn, vela, beso.

c:

Before a, o and u is a hard sound (as in car`):


Casa, cocodrilo, cuerno.

Before e and i is a soft sound: cerilla, cigarro.


In most of Spain is like the English Th in Thing
In Canary Ilands, part of Andalucia and Latinamerica it
sounds as s

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

g:
Before a, o and u is a hard sound (as in go):
Gato, gusano, gorro.

Before e or i is a sound made in the throat, like ch in


Scottish loch:
Gente, giro, gitano.

gu + a is pronounced like gw in Gwen: Guante


gu + e, i is pronounced like go. Guerra, Guisante
If a dieresis is placed over the the sound is gw as in
Gwen. Vergenza

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

h is always silent:

Huella, herrero, herida, hurfano.

j is the ch of the Scottish Loch:


Jeringuilla, jarrn.

ll is pronounced like ll in pillon:


Llave, lluvia.

~n is pronounced like gn in Gnochi.


bao, nio.

qu sounds like K in Kilometer.


Queso

r,rr

r at the beginning of the word and rr inside the word sounds


like the r in race.
Ratn, raqueta, rueda.

r inside the word is softer.


araa, caravana.

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

x is pronounced as ks.
Extra

Y is pronounced like ll when it works as a consonant and


i, when it works as a vowel:
Ya [lla], y (meaning and)

z follows the same pattern as c+e,i:


zapato, azucar.
The remaining consonants are pronounced like in
English: d, f, l, m, n, p, s, t.

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

Vowels: always the same pronunciation.


a like a in rather:
Animal, Alfredo, anarqua.

e like a in say:
Elefante, Eduardo, melena.

i like ee in bee:
Iglesia, Miguel.

o like o in lost.
Oscar, coche, mono.

u like oo in wood.
Uso, muela.

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

Bate

vuelo

coche

cena

xito

gente

guapo

guitarra

hola

jamn

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

Llave

ao

queso

rojo

zorro

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

cuarto

In Spanish the stress is on the penultimate


syllable if the word ends in a vowel, n or s,
and in the last syllable if the word ends in a
consonant other than n or s:
Casa, coche, chicas, ciudad, hotel, mantel.

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

Exceptions are marked with a written accent:


If the word ends in a vowel, n or s and the stress is
on the last syllable:
Camin, estrs, revs, champ, habl.

If the word ends in consonant other than n or s and


the stress is on the penultimate syllable:
Lpiz, rbol.

If the stress is on a syllable before the penultimate


one:
Esdrjula, mgico.

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

Gato

lapiz

Azul

camion

papel

pajaro

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

The written accent is not used on words with only


one syllable:
Ya, no, e
Except to distinguish meaning:

el (the)
Mas (but)
Mi (my)
Se (her/his/their self)
Si (if)
Solo (alone)
Te (you object)
Tu (your)

l (he)
ms (more)
m (me)
s (I know) imperative of ser
s (yes, oneself)
slo (only)
t (tea)
t (you subject)

Dr. Eduardo Tasis

Vowels (Diptongos e hiatos):


Strong: a, e, o
Weak: i, u

Same syllable: Strong + weak, weak + strong, weak


+weak:
Biologa, guapo, ruido, baile.

Different syllable: strong + strong:


Maestro, feo, peor, roer.

But if we have a weak + a strong and they are


pronounced in different syllables, then the weak has a
written accent on it and it is no longer weak but
strong:
Mara, da, odo.

Dr. Eduardo Tasis