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Teachers Notes

02/01/2015

Energy Transfer Circus:

Wind up toys
Kettle
Balloons and duster cloth
Torch
Energy Transfer Unit (from MUTR)
Electric Motor pulling up weights
Lamp and Solar Cell connected to a fan
Fan and Windmill connected to a light bulb

Burning Demo: Pouring CO2 Demo (can be done as a class practical). Vinegar,
candle light, baking soda.
Burning Hands Demo

02/01/2015

02/01/2015

HOMEWORK
Design two posters with the following
titles:
How Coal was made
How Petrol was made

Due

02/01/2015

02/01/2015

What do you know


about Energy?

02/01/2015

Energy Transfers and Combustion


Lesson Outcomes

Key Words:- Electrical, Potential, Joule, Fuel, Combustion,


Transfer, Conservation, Thermal, Sankey Diagram

To be able to list at least 3 different


types of energies and give examples of
energy transfers.
To be able to explain the combustion
triangle.
To be able to explain the difference
between a good and a bad fuel.

The Nine Types of Energy

02/01/2015

Chemical

Gravitational
Elastic

Types of
Energies

Potential
Energy
Thermal
Energy

Light
Nuclear

Kinetic
Energy

Sound

The 9 types of energy


Type
Heat
Kinetic (movement)
Nuclear

Sound
Light
Chemical
Electrical
Gravitational potential
Elastic potential

3 example sources

02/01/2015

Energy changes

02/01/2015

To describe an energy change for a


light bulb we need to do 3 steps:
1) Write down the
starting energy:

3) Write down
what energy types
are given out:

2) Draw an arrow
Electricity

Light + heat

What are the energy changes for the following?


1) An electric fire
2) A rock about to dropping through the air
3) An arrow being fired

Energy Transfer Circus

02/01/2015

Either Demonstrate or students go around


the energy transfer circus.
At each station/demo students draw an
appropriate Energy Transfer diagram.
If demonstrating students can write Energy
transfer diagrams on mini white boards.

How energy is transferred


Energy itself is invisible. This activity should help
you to understand that you can track energy by what
it does, and to start to understand where energy
comes from and goes to.
Equipment
Around the room there are 10 stations. At each one is
some equipment set up. Your teacher will tell you which
station to start at.
Safety
Keep Bunsen burner flames turned to the yellow safety flame.

Obtaining evidence
Draw up a table like the one shown below.

Example

name of
device

energy input

useful
energy
output

Bunsen
burner

Chemical Heat

waste
energy
output

Light
Cooker
Sound
Heat

Station 1

Types of energy
thermal (heat)
kinetic (movement)
sound
light

Another
example of
the same
energy
transfer

electrical
chemicalgravitational potential
strain

Sankey diagrams

02/01/2015

Consider a light bulb. Lets say that the bulb runs on 100
watts (100 joules per second) and transfers 20 joules per
second into light and the rest into heat. Draw this as a
diagram:

Input energy
100 J/s
electrical
energy

Output energy
20 J/s
light energy

80 J/s heat
energy (given to
the surroundings)

Example questions
Consider a kettle:
2000 J/s
electrical
energy

Sound
energy

Wasted
heat

Heat to
water

1) Work out each energy value.


2) What is the kettles
efficiency?

02/01/2015

Consider a computer:
150 J/s
electrical
energy

10 J/s
wasted
sound

20 J/s
wasted
heat

Useful
light and
sound

1) How much energy is converted


into useful energy?
2) What is the computers
efficiency?

02/01/2015

Energy Transfers and Combustion


Lesson Outcomes

Key Words:- Electrical, Potential, Joule, Fuel, Combustion,


Transfer, Conservation, Thermal, Sankey Diagram

To be able to list at least 3 different


types of energies and give examples of
energy transfers.
To be able to explain the combustion
triangle.
To be able to explain the difference
between a good and a bad fuel.

02/01/2015

The Combustion Reaction

02/01/2015

What are the things needed for


something to burn?
Watch some of these demos and see if
you can explain what is going on.

The fire triangle

Click Image

02/01/2015

Watch this clip and explain why


it shows some bad science.

02/01/2015

Energy Transfers and Combustion


Lesson Outcomes

Key Words:- Electrical, Potential, Joule, Fuel, Combustion,


Transfer, Conservation, Thermal, Sankey Diagram

To be able to list at least 3 different


types of energies and give examples of
energy transfers.
To be able to explain the combustion
triangle.
To be able to explain the difference
between a good and a bad fuel.

02/01/2015

What is a fuel?

Fuels

02/01/2015

A fuel is something that can be burned to release heat and


light energy. The main examples are:

Coal, oil and gas are called fossil fuels. In


other words, they were made from fossils.

Oil and gas formation

Coal formation

02/01/2015

Energy Transfers and Combustion


Lesson Outcomes

Key Words:- Electrical, Potential, Joule, Fuel, Combustion,


Transfer, Conservation, Thermal, Sankey Diagram

To be able to list at least 3 different


types of energies and give examples of
energy transfers.
To be able to explain the combustion
triangle.
To be able to explain the difference
between a good and a bad fuel.