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Purnendu_prakash.singh@alcatel-lucent.

com
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LTE Network Architecture


Cell Search
UE Identities
System Information
Random Access Procedure
Attach Procedure

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EPS Network Architecture

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The cell search procedure allows the UE to acquire the slot and frame synchronization and to get the downlink
cell ID and cell ID group associated with the cell. The Physical cell ID (PCI) can then be calculated by UE .

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UE Identities
IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity):
Type approval code
Manufacturer
Serial number
Additional number (usually 0)
353092052248770

IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity):


Mobile Country Code (MCC)
Mobile Network Code (MNC)
Mobile Subscriber Identification Number (MSIN) identifying the mobile subscriber
within a PLMN.
311180300700629

Globally Unique Temporary UE Identity (GUTI):


<GUTI> = <GUMMEI><M-TMSI>,
<GUMMEI> = <MCC><MNC><MME Identifier>
<MME Identifier> = <MME Group ID><MME Code>
31118065504114026547600

S-TMSI is a combination of the MMEC and the M-TMSI


114026547600
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System Information
System information distribution is an essential and basic feature of LTE RAN.
The UE requires system information to:
Perform idle mode tasks
PLMN selection
Cell selection and reselection
Conformity to Cell Reservations and Access Restrictions
Tracking Area registration
Originate access to the network
Terminate access including reception of paging messages
Maintain the LTE connection
Perform handover
System Information (SI) comprises the Master Information Block (MIB), the system Information
Block1 (SIB1) to SIB8. SIB1 is contained in an own RRC message, System Information Block
Type1 and cannot be combined with any other SIB, while one or more of SIB2-SIB8 can be
combined in the same SI message.
The MIB is broadcast on the Physical Broadcast Channel (PBCH). SIB1 messages and SI
messages are broadcast on the Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) at regular intervals.
One or more of SIB 2 - SIB 8 can be combined in the same SI message
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System Information
SIB 1
i) Cell Access Related Information - PLMN Identity List, PLMN Identity, TA Code, Cell identity &
Cell Status
ii) Cell Selection Information - Minimum Receiver Level
iii) Scheduling Information - SI message type & Periodicity, SIB mapping Info, SI Window
length
SIB 2
i) Access Barring Information - Access Probability factor, Access Class Baring List, Access
Class Baring Time
ii) Semi static Common Channel Configuration - Random Access Parameter, PRACH
Configuration
iii) UL frequency Information - UL EARFCN, UL Bandwidth, additional emmission
SIB 3
i) Information/Parameters for intra-frequency cell reselections
SIB 4
i)Information on intra-frequency neighboring cells
SIB 5
i) Information on inter-frequency neighboring cells

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System Information
SIB 6
i) Information for reselection to UMTS (UTRAN) cells
SIB 7
i) Information for reselection to GSM (GERAN) cells
SIB 8
i) Information for reselection to CDMA2000 systems
SIB 9
i) Home eNodeB name for future LTE femtocell applications
SIB 10 + 11
i) ETWS (Earthquake and Tsunami Warning System) information
SIB 12
i)Commercial Mobile Alerting System (CMAS) information.
SIB 19
i)It contains Inter-RAT frequency and priority information to be used in the cell

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System Information: SIB 1

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System Information : SIB 2

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Random Access Process


In the LTE network, the UE uses the random access process to gain access to cells for
the following reasons:
Initial access to the network from the idle state
Regaining access to the network after a radio link failure
As part of the handover process to gain timing synchronization with a new cell
Before uplink data transfers when the UE is not time synchronized with the network
Two types of RA procedures are defined in the standard for FDD
CBRA (Contention Based Random Access)
CFRA (Contention Free Random Access)

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Random Access Process


The Four Step Random Access procedure is performed during the following events:
Initial Access,
Handover,
and to re-establish the lost Uplink Synchronization
1. Preamble transmission on PRACH
Timing estimation at eNodeB
2. Random access response
Timing Advance command
UL-SCH resource assignment for step 3
Temporary C-RNTI
3. First UL-SCH transmission
Payload depends on the above use-case
Used for Contention resolution
4. Contention resolution on DL-SCH
Echo terminal identity from step 3
also other signaling/data
Also support for contention-free random access procedure during Handover >only step 1
and 2 used
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LTE Attach Call Flow- Overview

RRC

S1 Signaling
ERAB

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Attach Based on IMSI

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Network Attach based on IMSI


When a UE is turned on for the first time, the network attachment based on IMSI.

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Network Attach based on IMSI

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Network Attach based on IMSI

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Network Attach based on IMSI

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Network Attach based on IMSI

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Attach Based on GUTI

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Network Attach based on GUTI


When a UE is turned on (not the very first time), the network attachment based on GUTI.

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Network Attach based on GUTI

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Network Attach based on GUTI

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Attach Based on GUTI with MME change

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Network Attach based on GUTI with MME change

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Network Attach based on GUTI with MME change

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Attach Procedure
HSS

Update
Answer
Authentication
Information
Authentication
Update Location
Location
Request
UE
AMBR
Answer
Information
Request
IMSI

MME

APN (default),
AMBR, QCI
IMSI
E-UTRAN
Authentication
vector
APN, AMBR,
QCI
(KASME,
RAND,
AUTN, and XRES)
APN, AMBR, QCI

AttachAccept
Authentication
Security
Request
mode complete
command
Attach
Security
Complete
mode
Attach
IMSI
EPS
ciphering
/ GUTI (IP)algorithm
PDN
Request
Response
address

Create Session Response


PDN address
Create
Session
Request
Modify
Bearer(IP)
Request
Modify
Bearer
Response

IMEI integrity
EPS
algorithm
AMBR
RAND
RES
and
andQCI
AUTN
UE capability
PCO
with DNS

UE

eNodeB
RRC
RRC
RRC
RRC

AMBR,
ARPPDN type
APN,
AMBR
and
QCI,
eNB S1u
IP, teid
PCO with
DNS
MME
S11 teid
SGW S11 & S1u teids

InitialContextSetup
initialUEMessage
downlinkNASTransport
uplinkNASTransport
uplinkNASTransport
downlinkNASTransport
InitialContextSetupResponse
uplinkNASTransport
AMBR
TAC
eNB
S1u
IP, TAC
teidQCI, ARP
Cell
id
and
Bearer
AMBR,

SGW

PGW

SGW S1u IP, teid

Create
Create Session
Session Response
Request

Default Bearer

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PDN address (IP)


APN, AMBR and PDN type
QCI, AMBR, ARP
SGW S5 teid
PCO with DNS
PGW S5 teid

LTE Attach Call Flow : EDAT Layer 3 Messages

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LTE Attach Call Flow : EDAT Layer 3 Messages

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Attach Request

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Attach Accept

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Attach Accept

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Thank You

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