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Challenges and Opportunities

Investment in the area of environment management of


Waste Management in India

In India daily municipal solid waste generation is nearly 160,000 Metric Tons (MT)

Waste quantity generated by the year 2047 is estimated to be about 260 million tons
per year

Estimation shows that if the waste is not disposed off in a more systematic manner,
more than 1,400 sq km of land, which is equivalent to the size of metropolitan city
would be required in the country by the year 2047 for its disposal

Indian industrial sector generates an estimated 100 million tons/ year of nonhazardous solid waste, with coal ash from thermal power stations accounting for
more than 70 million tons/ year

Nearly 8 million tons/ year of hazardous waste is generated in India. Approximately

60% of these wastes, i.e. 4.7 million tons/ year is estimated to be recyclable and the
remaining 3.2 million tons/ year is non-recyclable

Waste Management in India

Key Indicators

Waste collection less than 50% in

smaller cities

Solid waste generated per day

Less than 30% of solid waste


Per Capita waste generation

0.2 0.6 kg

Collection of garbage from dumpsites



Lack of scientific disposal of waste

Increase in per capita waste


Proportion of organic waste to total

much higher as compared to other

Waste in million plus cities


Waste treated before disposal



Waste Management in India

Key Issues

Solid waste management has three basic components, namely, collection,

transportation and disposal. The objective of SWM is to reduce the quantity of solid
waste disposed off on land by recovery of materials and energy from solid waste in a
cost effective and environment friendly manner.

Absence of proper financial resource, weak institutional arrangements, improper

choice of technology and public apathy towards waste had made the prevalent system
of waste management far from satisfactory.

Practice of uncontrolled dumping of waste on the outskirts of towns and cities have
created serious environmental and public health problems that threaten water quality.

Unsatisfactory state of affairs is mirrored even in the industrial (hazardous) sector,

where the challenges are steeper in terms of treatment and disposal of hazardous
waste. Waste is predominantly disposed off in landfills, and partly by incineration.
Reduce, reuse and recycle is seldom used in practice.

Waste Management in India

Market Potential

Estimated municipal and hazardous waste market in India is over INR 248.6 Million

There is an increasing presence of the private sector in the SWM particularly for doorto-door collection of solid waste, street sweeping in a limited way, secondary storage
and transportation and for treatment and disposal of waste.

Ahmedabad, Surat, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Mumbai and Jaipur are pioneered
cities in public private partnership (PPPs) in SWM.

Government of India has funded various initiatives to address SWM by providing

assistance to the tune of INR 250 Million under 12 th Finance Commission.

Waste Management in India

Key Drivers

Progressively stricter norms for the sector (especially for industrial and hazardous

Public interest litigations and the rulings of the courts (Supreme Court) for domestic

Scarcer landfill space is forcing the authorities to use appropriate technologies and
better management.

Grant components for SWM in Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
(JNNURM) and Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns

Waste Management in India

Policy and Regulatory Framework
The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) and the pollution control boards: Central
Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and State Pollution Control Boards together form the
regulatory and administrative core of the sector

Waste Management in India

Under the Environmental Protection Act (EPA) 1986, Ministry of Environment and Forest
has issued several notifications to tackle the problem of hazardous waste management.
These include:
Municipal Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000, whose aim was to
enable municipalities to dispose municipal solid waste in a scientific manner.
Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989, which brought out a
guide for manufacture, storage and import of hazardous chemicals and for
management of hazardous wastes.
Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998, were formulated
along parallel lines, for proper disposal, segregation, transport etc. of infectious
Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Amendment Rules, 2000,

Waste Management in Gujarat

One of the leading states in the country in compliance with

national Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules, 2000

90% door-to-door collection coverage

Sanitary landfill sites being constructed all over the State

Waste Management in Gujarat

SWM Project Completed in Recent Years

Door/ Gates to dump disposal of waste across 5 zones of the city Ahmedabad

3 Processing Plan under PPP mode Ahmedabad

Development of Phase 1 of secured Engineered Landfill at Jambhua Vadodara

DCOM of Integrated Processing facility for mixed Municipal Solid Waste


Treatment of 400 TPD Solid Waste Surat

Collection, Treatment and Disposal of bio-medical waste on BOOT basis

covering 2000 hospitals and clinics Surat

Waste Management in Gujarat

Opportunities in SWM Projects

Plastic Waste Collection, Transportation, Storage & Treatment - Ahmedabad

E-Waste Collection, Transportation, Storage and Treatment Ahmedabad

GPS, Contactless Smart Card based vehicle monitoring for SWM services

Combined investment size INR 50 Cr for 400 TPD plant - Surat

Opportunities for development of processing units, landfill sites

for inorganic and inert waste material and vermi composting
plants to the tune of Rs. 152 Crore across the state

Waste Management in Gujarat

Other Opportunities

Joint ventures with Indian firms to offer integrated solutions in waste treatment,
including performing feasibility studies, designing, technical consulting and
providing operation and online maintenance services.

There is a demand for technological and services for effective waste collection,
transportation and disposal, and its treatment and recycling.

Engineering and consulting services on waste collection and transportation,

landfill treatment, waste treatment plants, outdoor composting, anaerobic
digestion of waste and sewage sludge, biological-mechanical waste treatment
and waste to energy.

3R technologies and solution for high polluting sectors, such as thermal power
stations, chemical and pharmaceutical industries.

Design, manufacture and installation of various types of waste management


Waste Management in Gujarat

PPP Models in SWM
Collection, Transportation &
Development of Transfer Station/
MRTS & Transportation
Waste Processing Facility
Development of Sanitary Landfill
& Post Closure Maintenance
Integrated MSWM System

Management Contract/ BOOT

Management Contract/ DBFOT
Mostly on BOOT

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